AP Euro Imperialism Set Part 2
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East India Company
- A British trading company that many traded with the Indian subcontinent,
- Qing dynasty China and the North West Frontier Province. It owned some land in
- India for a while. It was originally chartered by Queen Elizabeth in the 1600’s
Indian National Congress
- A political party formed during this period of imperialism. It wanted a
- larger role in law making with the British. During the World War it wanted to
- gain its independence from the British and in response the British outlawed the
- group and arrested the leaders.
"Jewel in the Crown"
- This is what India was called in the British Empire because of the vast
- natural resources and location.
- Widespread rebellion against the British in 1857-58. Based on the fact
- that westernization was changing the Hindu culture dominate in India. There was
- a widespread belief that British were going to end the caste system.
- Started in 1906, it was a political group
- that was looking out to protect the rights of Indian Muslims. After the
- partition of British India, they wanted to separate to form a Muslim India.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
- A politician, member of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim
- League. He aligned his beliefs more with the Muslim League by the fact he
- didn’t want to over throw British rule. The league was able to break off and
- form the state of Pakistan
Mohandas K. Gandhi
- Leader of the Indian Nationalist movement. He developed satyagraha, a
- nonviolent way to redress wrongs. He transformed Indian National Congress. He
- tried to improve Hindu-Muslim relations
- He was a member of the Indian National Congress. After Gandhi died he
- was his successor. He opposed the Muslim’s League of insistence on separation.
- He worked toward India’s independence. He became the first Prime Minister of
- Wars about the import of opium in which the
- British imported during imperialism. The Chinese government limited the
- import of this drug. This caused British retaliation for the limit of trade.
- They sent naval boats over. The Chinese stood no chance because of the
- advancements of the western country.
Treaty of Nanking
- Marked the end of the First Opium war. It was considered an unequal
- treaty because of the fact that Britain had no obligations.
- Holding areas in foreign lands but people there follow the rules of that
- country who holds the land and are under their courts.
Sphere of Influence
- Area that the government and some cultural aspects by an external
- A peasant society which practiced martial arts. They tried to rid China
- of foreigners. The rebellion overall failed with their goal.
- Political and religious upheaval. Hong who failed his civil service
- exam, was influenced by Christian missionaries and started this rebellion.
Open Door Policy
- Started by the US making sure that there was equal trade opportunity
- still available with other countries who didn’t have spheres of influence in
- Leader of the Chinese Nationalist party and became the first president
- of Chinese republic.
"Three Principles of the People"
An ideological basis of a political program for Sun Yat-sen.
Chinese were forced to concede many territorial and sovereignty rights to many western countries.
- Last feudal Japanese military government. It brought Japan the longest period
- of peace and stability.
- Political revolution that overthrew the Tokogawa Shogunate under the
- imperial rule of Meiji. The goal was to become as powerful as the western
- countries. A national army was established. The government carried out policy
- to unify the monetary system.
Opened Japan to the west at the convention of Kanagawa
Japanese forced Russia to abolish their expansionist policy in the far east. It was over the control of Manchuria and Korea.
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