AP Euro Imperialism Set Part 2

The flashcards below were created by user stella1414 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. East India Company
    • A British trading company that many traded with the Indian subcontinent,
    • Qing dynasty China and the North West Frontier Province. It owned some land in
    • India for a while. It was originally chartered by Queen Elizabeth in the 1600’s
  2. Indian National Congress
    • A political party formed during this period of imperialism. It wanted a
    • larger role in law making with the British. During the World War it wanted to
    • gain its independence from the British and in response the British outlawed the
    • group and arrested the leaders.
  3. "Jewel in the Crown"
    • This is what India was called in the British Empire because of the vast
    • natural resources and location.
  4. Sepoy Mutiny/Rebellion
    • Widespread rebellion against the British in 1857-58. Based on the fact
    • that westernization was changing the Hindu culture dominate in India. There was
    • a widespread belief that British were going to end the caste system.
  5. Muslim League
    • Started in 1906, it was a political group
    • that was looking out to protect the rights of Indian Muslims. After the
    • partition of British India, they wanted to separate to form a Muslim India.
  6. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    • A politician, member of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim
    • League. He aligned his beliefs more with the Muslim League by the fact he
    • didn’t want to over throw British rule. The league was able to break off and
    • form the state of Pakistan
  7. Mohandas K. Gandhi
    • Leader of the Indian Nationalist movement. He developed satyagraha, a
    • nonviolent way to redress wrongs. He transformed Indian National Congress. He
    • tried to improve Hindu-Muslim relations
  8. Nehru
    • He was a member of the Indian National Congress. After Gandhi died he
    • was his successor. He opposed the Muslim’s League of insistence on separation.
    • He worked toward India’s independence. He became the first Prime Minister of
    • India.
  9. Opium Wars
    • Wars about the import of opium in which the
    • British imported during imperialism. The Chinese government limited the
    • import of this drug. This caused British retaliation for the limit of trade.
    • They sent naval boats over. The Chinese stood no chance because of the
    • advancements of the western country.
  10. Treaty of Nanking
    • Marked the end of the First Opium war. It was considered an unequal
    • treaty because of the fact that Britain had no obligations.
  11. Extraterritoriality
    • Holding areas in foreign lands but people there follow the rules of that
    • country who holds the land and are under their courts.
  12. Sphere of Influence
    • Area that the government and some cultural aspects by an external
    • country.
  13. Boxer Rebellion
    • A peasant society which practiced martial arts. They tried to rid China
    • of foreigners. The rebellion overall failed with their goal.
  14. Taiping Rebellion
    • Political and religious upheaval. Hong who failed his civil service
    • exam, was influenced by Christian missionaries and started this rebellion.
  15. Open Door Policy
    • Started by the US making sure that there was equal trade opportunity
    • still available with other countries who didn’t have spheres of influence in
    • China.
  16. Sun Yixian
    • Leader of the Chinese Nationalist party and became the first president
    • of Chinese republic.
  17. "Three Principles of the People"
    An ideological basis of a political program for Sun Yat-sen.
  18. Unequal Treaties
    Chinese were forced to concede many territorial and sovereignty rights to many western countries.
  19. Tokogawa Shogunate
    • Last feudal Japanese military government. It brought Japan the longest period
    • of peace and stability.
  20. Meiji Restoration
    • Political revolution that overthrew the Tokogawa Shogunate under the
    • imperial rule of Meiji. The goal was to become as powerful as the western
    • countries. A national army was established. The government carried out policy
    • to unify the monetary system.
  21. Matthew Perry
    Opened Japan to the west at the convention of Kanagawa
  22. Russo-Japanese War
    Japanese forced Russia to abolish their expansionist policy in the far east. It was over the control of Manchuria and Korea.
Card Set:
AP Euro Imperialism Set Part 2
2014-03-20 17:34:26
Imperial Imperialism

Part two of my set for Ap Euro.
Show Answers: