High Rise

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Author:
csantf100
ID:
267263
Filename:
High Rise
Updated:
2014-03-24 20:45:27
Tags:
HVAC 10 76
Folders:
Fire Sector,Search and Evacuation
Description:
Study Guide Week 11 and Week 12
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  1. High Rise 

    FIREFIGHTING PROCEDURES

    ADDENDUM 1

    APPENDIX 1
    BEGIN
  2. High Rise Class E Office Buildings
    • 75 feet or more in height
    • 2,000 sq ft to 3,000 sq ft
    • Fireproof/Non-combustible
    • Class E- primarily occupied for transacting business
  3. High Rise Class E built before 1945?
    ''heavy weight"

    PLENUM TYPE CEILINGS ARE GENERALLY NOT FOUND

    EXTERIOR WINDOWS OPENABLE

    CORE CONSTRUCTION NOT USED
  4. Class E high rise before 1968
    • "lightweight"
    • lack of compartmentation
    • spray on fireproofing material
    • exterior curtain walls-space of 6 to 12 inches requiring additional firestopping
    • CEILING PLENUMS ARE EXTENSIVE AND LACK FIRESTOPPING

    HVAC-USUALLY MULTI FLOOR SYSTEMS

    • Windows are usually NOT OPENABLE
    • FIRE TOWERS NOT REQUIRED
    • Q DECKING- light weight floors

    CORE CONSTRUCTION USED
  5. High Rise Built between 1945-1968
    MEDIUM WEIGHT

    FIRE TOWERS REQUIRED

    mix pre 1945 and post 1968
  6. What provides the greatest assistance to FD members who are being deployed to control the fire and conducting the primary search??
    HVAC SYSTEM

    control movement of smoke and limit spread of fire
  7. What is the most common air conditioning system found in High Rise??
    CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

    Processing equipment supplies air to more than one floor
  8. What are the 3 sub systems of HVAC system?
    • PROCESSING equipment
    • SUPPLY of processed air to the floors of the building
    • RETURN of the air from the floors to be reprocessed
  9. Where is the processing of the air usually done??
    floors of the building where the MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT ROOM is located
  10. The supply of processed air to floors is accomplished by the following??
    • Supply air shaft
    • fire dampers 
    • supply air ducts
    • air diffusers
  11. The return of air from the floors to be reprocessed is accomplished by the following??
    • return air inlets
    • return air plenums
    • Fire dampers 
    • smoke detectors return air shaft
  12. After determining the status of HVAC systems in the buildings, any systems that have not been automatically shut down shall???
    • Be MANUALLY SHUTDOWN
    • both SUPPLY AND RETURN FANS
  13. In some systems , the smoke detectors only shut down the supply fans and allow the return air fans to remain operating...what should be done??
    RETURN FANS will have to be shut down MANUALLY
  14. What must be done before any further action can be taken with the HVAC system??
    FIRE FLOOR MUST BE ACCURATELY DETERMINED
  15. How do we place HVAC system in non circulating mode???
    • 1. OPENING all outside air supply dampers
    • 2. CLOSING all mixing dampers
    • 3. OPENING all exhaust dampers
  16. When can you activate SUPPLY FANS?
    after Fire floor has been determined and the fan is located in an HVAC zone that DOES NOT include the fire area
  17. What are flexible connectors and how can they cause problems at a fire?
    used between ducts and the periphery air treatment equipment on the floor above

    fire entering the plenum can extend from one floor to another when these flexible connectors fail
  18. The IC should obtain the following information from the building engineer on HVAC system?
    • location of the MER floors and zones they supply
    • special HVAC zone in the building (theaters, restaurants, computer rooms)
    • number of return air shafts and location
    • common return airshafts
    • if supply/return dampers on each floor are controllable from a central location
    • if there is a periphery air supply system
  19. The 1968 building code requirements for a manual fire pump?
    OVER 300 FEET HIGH
  20. THE 1938 BUILDING CODE  requirements for a manual fire pump?
    OVER 250 feet high
  21. Pump room locations is usually located??
    CELLAR OR SUB CELLAR
  22. The bypass valve must be in what position?
    CLOSED (STEM IN)

    TURN CLOCKWISE
  23. If bypass valve is not readily discernible...it is still permissible to start pumps..how is the efficiency of pump affected??
    25 % loss in 8" riser

    45% loss in 6" riser
  24. How can contact be maintained by member assigned to operate Fire Pumps?
    Handie- talkie 

    or Fire Command station phone located in pump room
  25. When a building is equipped 2 manual fire pumps, as is the case in most high rise buildings, EACH PUMP WILL HAVE ITS OWN CONTROL PANEL, how many pumps do we use/??
    BOTH PUMPS SHALL BE STARTED AND USED
  26. What is the 4 step procedure for starting fire pumps using the control panel??
    Close knife switch to ON position

    close circuit breakers and power 'ON' light will glow

    push starting button and pump ' ON' light will glow

    Move selector lever to desired position increasing pump speed and thereby increasing pressure
  27. How can temperature variations (occur in periphery of building), due to weather changes, affect HVAC system??
    they require supplementary treatment of the air
  28. HOW IS THIS supplementary treatment accomplished??
    a. air supply may be from the main air supply shaft or from separate periphery air supply shaft

    b. air supply is ducted through the plenum on the floor below to the periphery of the building

    c.  flexible connectors used between the ducts and the periphery air treatment equipment on floor above

    D. air then passed through air treatment equipment 

    e. air is returned through the normal air return system
  29. What is a good 'rule of thumb' at high rise ops?
    have a separate engine supply the standpipe system for each handline in operation
  30. When shall a 10-76 signal be transmitted??
    Report of a Fire is CONFIRMED
  31. Any fire in a high rise office building which required the stretching and OPERATING of 1 hoseline will necessitate the use of??
    'ALL HANDS'
  32. When is a second alarm transmitted?
    ANY VISIBLE fire or smoke emanating through the exterior skin of the building

    or when a SERIOUS fire has been verified
  33. Who shall the firs arriving unit (the IC) establish contact with at a High Rise Office building??
    Fire Safety Director or EVACUATION SUPERVISOR
  34. What shall the IC inform the Fire Safety Director to do??
    REMAIN IN THE LOBBY (MUST)
  35. What shall the IC obtain from the Fire Command Station and Fire Safety Director??
    The BIC-BUILDING INFORMATION CARD 

    AND

    THE FLOOR PLAN for the fire floor
  36. What is the duty of the 1st and 2nd arriving engines??
    TEAMED TO OPERATED 1ST LINE
  37. What is the duty of the 3rd and 4th arriving Engine companies??
    TEAMED TO OPERATED 2ND LINE
  38. What is the assignment of the CFRD Engine company and what shall they bring?
    assigned to FIRE SECTOR SUPERVISOR/BRanch director

    CFRD eQUIPMENT AND FORCIBLE ENTRY TOOLS
  39. What is the duty of the 1st arriving ladder?
    search and evacuate Fire floor
  40. Duty of 2nd arriving ladder?
    augment search and evacuation of the fire floor
  41. 3rd arriving ladder?
    search and evacuate the floor above the fire
  42. 4th arriving ladder?
    assigned similarly to operate on the upper floors and to initiate the search of the ATTACK STAIRWAY
  43. Fast Unit?
    assigned to the Fire Sector Supervisor/BRanch Director
  44. Who shall be assigned Fire Sector Supervisor?
    2nd Arriving BC
  45. What makes up the Fire Sector/Branch?
    FIRE FLOOR AND FLOOR ABOVE
  46. Who selects the attack stairway?
    IC
  47. Can a hoseline be operated from a stairway without being cleared of building occupants??
    NO..MUST CLEAR STAIRWAY OF BUILDING OCCUPANTS
  48. A evacuation stairway must be selected, preferably ??
    FIRE TOWER, if available
  49. What is required to be evacuated INITIALLY?
    FIRE SECTOR (fire floor and floor above)
  50. All stairways (especially ATTACK STAIRWAY) must be searched, when?
    BEFORE and AFTER fire operations
  51. Ventilation by the removal of windows on the fire floor or other floors is...??
    NOT an initial consideration, it should be delayed

    all horizontal ventilation tactics shall be controlled by IC
  52. Fire Sector or Branch shall be equipped with the following??
    • SCBA for all personnel
    • Copy of the floor plan
    • FIRE SECTOR/BRANCH LOG
    • POST RADIO
  53. Who shall establish hard wire communications with ICP?
    • Fire Sector/Branch
    • Forward Staging Area
    • Forward Triage Area
    • Search and Evacuation Group

    Command  Channel shall also be used
  54. The Fire Sector Supervisor shall establish HT communications with units under his command, on what channel??
    PRIMARY TACTICAL

    units under his command shall NOT contact ICP unless URGENT


    command channel- ICP and Forward Staging Area
  55. Search and Evacuation Supervisor??
    • Secondary tactical- with his units
    • units shall NOT contact ICP unless URGENT

    command channel- ICP
  56. Where is the Forward Staging Area located? What is its purpose?
    designate location on an upper floor

    provides logistical support to all resources assigned to Fire Sector and SAE Group
  57. What is the job of the LOBBY CONTROL UNIT?
    recall, control, and operate elevators/recall and search all elevator cars terminating at the lobby

    control all building access points and direct personnel to correct stair/elevator or route

    direct building occupants and exiting personnel to proper ground level safe areas
  58. What is the job of the SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT?
    monitor and  control Class E communications system/HVAC SYSTEM and any other building systems as directed by IC

    evaluate COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS- HTs, hardwire phone, cellular phones, post radios, cross band repeaters and building repeaters
  59. What is the duty of the High Rise support Unit?
    transport equipment via elevator to the FORWARD STAGING AREA
  60. Where is the Staging Area?
    OUTSIDE THE STRUCTURE- away from the building

    responding resources report and receive initial assignments
  61. Where is the Forward Triage Area located?
    environmentally safe location on a floor BELOW the forward staging area
  62. First arriving OFFICER shall establish the ICP, in the event that he leaves the ICP before the arrival of a CHIEF, what should he do??
    designate a member to staff the ICP, preferably the LCC OF THE FIRST ARRIVING LADDER COMPANY
  63. While staffing the ICP, what should this member do?
    NOTE the units entering and leaving the lobby and their destination
  64. How many spare cylinders should be maintained at FORWARD STAGING AREA?
    AT LEAST 20
  65. When an Engine company reports to the forward staging area, what shall they bring?
    • SCBA for each member
    • standpipe kit and a nozzle
    • length of hose per FF
    • SPARE SCBA CYLINDER for each member
  66. LADDER company reporting to forward staging area should bring?
    • SCBA for each member
    • 2 SETS of FE tools and 6 ft hooks
    • search and utility ropes
    • spare SCBA CYLINDER FOR EACH MEMBER
  67. When buildings have fixed stairwell pressurization systems, and this system is activated, what shall the IC do??
    continue operations with the system ON

    fixed system should NOT Be augmented by Positive pressure vent fans
  68. Buildings that have a FIXED stairwell pressurization system shall be...?
    ENTERED INTO CIDS
  69. Who can initiate the use of PPF's?
    the IC
  70. Natural Ventilation (without the use of Fans) , can be used when?
    once the fire is EXTINGUished, opening doors at the top and bottom of the stairway
  71. Fans will increase or decrease stack effect??
    increase stack effect
  72. What is positive stack effect?
    upward movement of air in a vertical shaft

    increases as outside air temperature decreases in relation to inside building temperature
  73. What is negative stack effect?
    the downward movement of air in a vertical shaft

    outside temperature is greater than inside temperature..(greatest effect, temp. above 90 degrees F)
  74. Are fire Towers recommended for use as Fire attack stairway?
    NO
  75. When should we use Horizontal ventilation?
    LAST CONSIDERATION
  76. FIRE SECTOR SUPERVISOR/Branch Director shall be equipped with?
    • at least 2 HT's
    • SCBA for all members assigned to the sector
    • copy of the floor plan
    • Fire Sector log
    • POST RADIO
  77. Duties of Fire Sector Supervisor?
    A. ensure attack stairway has been cleared of building occupants at least 5 floors above the fire

    B. ensure the evacuation stairway is maintained safe

    C. review ops of first arriving units to determine need for change in tactics

    d. advise the IC as to the need for and the placement of the second line

    e.  advise IC as to the need for  additional units, SCBA cylinders, additional equipment (prior to Forward staging Area)

    f.  after Forward Staging area, obtain items listed in  "E" from FSA manager

    G. advise IC of the need for additional evacuation of the floors above the Fire Sector
  78. What is the SAE group responsible for?
    Search and examination of areas in the building above the Fire Sector/Branch
  79. How shall the SAE Group Supervisor determine his location?
    A. Fire location and severity

    B.  HT effectiveness 

    C. If possible, choose location on a floor which is NOT serviced by the same elevator bank AS FIRE FLOOR AND AT LEAST 5 floors above the fire floor
  80. What shall the SAE supervisor be equipped with?
    • at least 2 HT's
    • post radio
    • scba for all members 
    • spare SCBA 
    • floor diagram, pad and pen
  81. Where is the Fire Command Station located?
    lobby of building, near elevator control panel
  82. Loudspeakers, (operated from the fire command station)located on ?
    • ALL FLOORS
    • ALL ELEVATORS
    • ALL STAIRWAY ENCLOSURES
  83. Floor warden stations are located where?
    On each Floor and provide 2 way communications with the fire command station
  84. Fire Command stations have 2 way communication with the following??
    • FLOOR WARDEN STATIONS
    • MECHANICAL CONTROL CENTER
    • ELEVATORS
    • AIR HANDLING CONTROL ROOMS
    • ELEVATOR MACHINERY ROOMS
  85. PA SYSTEM TO???
    • floors 
    • elevators 
    • stairways

    collectively or selectively
  86. Floor warden stations have equipment to make announcements to..?
    floor where it is located
  87. At least 1 manual fire alarm sending station shall be located in each path of escape in each story of a building, additional stations shall be installed so that no point on any floor shall be more ???
    than 200 feet from the nearest station

    activation shall cause:

    • automatic transmission to the FD via central station
    • visual and audible signal at fire command station, mechanical control center and assigned location of Fire Safety Director
    • sounding of alarm on the fire floor and floor above
  88. First Arriving Ladder company should obtain as much info from FSD, as to?
    • LOCATION OF FIRE
    • evacuation procedures implemented
    • status of elevators
    • access stairs serving the fire floor
  89. Prior to leaving the lobby, 1st due truck should?
    • determine elevator bank and place in Firemen service
    • obtain floor plan of fire area, if only ONE COPY, DO NOT REMOVE IT
    • obtain keys to gain access
    • ensure ICP is staffed by FD member
  90. LCC should?
    conduct preliminary inspection of the exterior of building--persons in distress, smoke or fire, need for exterior ops
  91. Who should select attack stairway?
    First due truck
  92. What elevator car should the 2nd due truck use?
    IF POSSIBLE, the elevator car used by the 1st due truck
  93. Which elevator car should the 3rd due truck use?
    if possible, elevator car staffed by 1st or 2nd due truck (avoid losing member)
  94. 3rd due truck duties?
    • determine number of stairways serving fire floor and floor above
    • proceed to floor above via stairway OTHER THAN ATTACK STAIRWAY
    • determine which stairway is best stairway to be used by the occupants for evacuation and advise the ICP
    • examine all stairways for occupants and smoke
    • remove all occupants from attack stairway for a reasonable distance above the fire floor
    • conduct primary of floor above
  95. If difficulty is encountered (3rd due truck) in clearing the attack stairway of occupants, whom shall the Officer advise?
    FIRST ARRIVING LADDER COMPANY or the Fire Sector supervisor or fire branch director
  96. The 4th due truck shall report to ICP with??
    each member equipped with extra SCBA
  97. 4th due truck shall obtain an elevator that...?
    provides safest acces to the roof

    fire on a floor not serviced by high rise bank-high rise bank used if it is in a blind shaft

    fire is on a floor serviced by high rise bank-proceed to location below fire and use a stairway other than ATTACK
  98. 4TH DUE TRUCK TO ROOF, REPORT?
    • Smoke and heat conditions
    • means for roof ventilation
    • fire or occupants at windows visible from roof


    do not undertake roof ventilation, unless ORDERED BY IC

    CONDUCT PRIMARY OF TOP 5 FLOORS
  99. What is a logical assignment after roof ops, for 4th due truck?
    UPPER FLOORS of elevator bank serving the fire floor
  100. 4th due truck shall operated under whom?
    IC, until SAE group is established
  101. First Arriving Engine Company shall remain at the ICP UNTIL?
    1ST ARRIVING LADDER COMPANY has verified fire location
  102. Second due Engine does what??
    PROVIDES COMMUNICATION LINK between lobby and the fire area pending the establishment of fire sector/branch..

    POST RADIO and report with his company to standpipe outlet (1st line)

    provide communication between standpipe outlet and nozzle
  103. 3rd and 4th Engine shall operate under?
    FIRE SECTOR SUPERVISOR

    • 2nd line used for:
    • reinforce position of 1st line
    • protect the position of the first line
    • protect the search and evacuation of fire floor
    • contain and confine spread of fire around core

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