Sociology Chapter 3

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Author:
rwischnewski
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267288
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Sociology Chapter 3
Updated:
2014-03-20 21:46:30
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Sociology Chapter
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Sociology
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Sociology Chapter 3, Infancy to Old Age
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  1. socialization?
    the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture
  2. personality?
    a person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling
  3. id?
    Freud's term for the human being's basic drives
  4. ego?
    Freud's term for a person's conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society
  5. sensorimotor stage?
    Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses.
  6. preoperational stage?
    Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individual's first use language and other symbols
  7. formal operational stage?
    Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals think abstractly and critically
  8. concrete operational stage?
    Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first see causal connections in their surroundings
  9. self?
    George Herbert Mead's term for the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image
  10. looking-glass self?
    Cooley's term for a self-image based on how we think others see us
  11. significant others?
    people such as parents, who have special importance for socialization
  12. generalized other?
    Mead's term fro widespread cultural norms and values we sue as reference in evaluating ourselves
  13. peer group?
    a social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common
  14. anticipatory socialization?
    learning that helps a person achieve ad desired position
  15. mass media?
    the means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience
  16. gerontology?
    the study of aging and the elderly
  17. gerontocracy?
    a from of social organization in which the elderly have the most wealth, power and prestige
  18. ageism?
    prejudice and discrimination against older people
  19. cohort?
    a category of people with something inc common, usually their age
  20. total institution?
    a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and controlled by an administrative staff
  21. resocialization?
    radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment

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