LANGUAGE ARTS 13

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shockwave
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267304
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LANGUAGE ARTS 13
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2014-03-21 18:06:05
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LANGUAGE ARTS 13
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LANGUAGE ARTS 13
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LANGUAGE ARTS 13
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  1. Do you believe the saying, "It is better to vote for what you want and not get it than to vote for what you don't want and get it"?


    Do you believe the saying, "It is better to vote for what you want and not get it than to vote for what you don't want and get it?"

    WHAT'S CORRECT?
    Do you believe the saying, "It is better to vote for what you want and not get it than to vote for what you don't want and get it"?

    Explanation: The question is not contained within the quotation marks so the question mark must be placed outside the quotation marks.
  2. The womens' dresses are on the second floor.

     The women's dresses are on the second floor.

    WHAT'S CORRECT?
    The women's dresses are on the second floor.


    Explanation: To show plural possession, make the noun plural first. Then immediately use the apostrophe.
  3. Sharon's arriving was unexpected.

    Sharon arriving was unexpected.

    WHAT'S CORRECT?
    Sharon's arriving was unexpected.


    Explanation: Use the possessive case in front of a gerund (“-ing” word). If the gerund has a pronoun in front of it, use the possessive form of that pronoun.
  4. She jumped from a two-story building. 

    She jumped from a two story building.

    WHAT'S CORRECT?
    She jumped from a two-story building.


    Explanation: Hyphenate between two or more words when they come before a noun and act as a single idea.
  5. The delicious, gooey frosting melted before we could refrigerate the cake.

    OR 

    The delicious-gooey frosting melted before we could refrigerate the cake.
    The delicious, gooey frosting melted before we could refrigerate the cake.


    Explanation: Do not hyphenate between two or more adjectives when they are separate ideas that could each be used alone with the noun. Use a comma between the adjectives when you can mentally insert “and” between them.
  6. This is seventh-grade reading material.

    IS THIS CORRECT?
    YES.

    Hyphenate between two or more words when they come before a noun and act as a single idea.
  7. What kindly-looking eyes my grandfather had.

    CORRECT?
    • YES.
    • Hyphenate between two or more adjectives when they come before a noun and act as a single idea. "Kindly" is an "-ly" adjective here.
  8. The tree was firmly planted in the ground.

    OR 

    The tree was firmly-planted in the ground.
    The tree was firmly planted in the ground.

    Explanation: Do not hyphenate adverbs or compound words that follow the verb.
  9. Noah's art work is positively beautiful.

    OR

    Noah's art work is positively-beautiful.
    Noah's art work is positively beautiful.

    Explanation: Do not hyphenate adverbs or compound words that follow the verb.
  10. antiaircraft   OR    anti-aircraft
    antiaircraft

    Explanation: When a prefix ends in one vowel and a root word begins with a different vowel, attach them without a hyphen.

    BUT...Hyphenate prefixes ending in an “a” or “i” when the root word begins with the same letter.
  11. antifreeze

    OR 
    anti-freeze
    antifreeze

    Explanation: The current trend is to do away with unnecessary hyphens. Attach prefixes onto root words without a hyphen.
  12. unpatriotic

    OR
    un-patriotic
    unpatriotic

    Explanation: The current trend is to do away with unnecessary hyphens. Attach prefixes onto root words without a hyphen.
  13. cooperation 

    OR

    co-operation
    cooperation

    Explanation: Prefixes and root words that result in double “e's” and double “o's” are usually combined to form one word.
  14. I cannot re-collect the story.

    OR 

     I cannot recollect the story.
    I cannot recollect the story.

    Explanation: Do not use the hyphen with the prefix “re” unless “re” means “again” AND omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word.
  15.   I enjoy re-covering chairs.

    OR 
      

     I enjoy
     recovering chairs.
    I enjoy re-covering chairs.

    Explanation: Use the hyphen with the prefix “re” when “re” means “again” AND omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word.
  16. She said, "Bees are not the only insects that sting."

    OR 

    She said, "bees are not the only insects that sting."
    She said, "Bees are not the only insects that sting."

    Explanation: Capitalize the first word of a quoted sentence.
  17. The tree grew only 0.5 of an inch because of the drought.

    OR 

    The tree grew only .5 of an inch because of the drought.
    The tree grew only 0.5 of an inch because of the drought.

    Explanation: Put a zero in front of a decimal unless the decimal itself begins with a zero.
  18. We didn't get to bed until eleven thirty last night.

    OR 

    We didn't get to bed until 11:30 last night.
    We didn't get to bed until eleven thirty last night.

    Explanation: Normally, spell out the time in text even with half and quarter hours.

    BUT...Use numerals with the time of day when exact times are being emphasized or when using A.M. or P.M
  19. WHICH VS THAT
    DEFINE THEM!
    THAT. RESTRICTIVE. CAN'T GET RID OF OR MEANING OF THE SENTENCE MEAN CHANGES. NO COMMAS NEEDED. 

    Gems that sparkle often elicit forgiveness.

    SO ONLY GEM THAT SPARKLE, NOT ALL GEMS. REMOVE IT AND THE SENTENCE MEANS ALL GEMS. 

    WHICH. nonrestrictive clause as simply additional information. CAN GET RID OF. USE COMMAS!

    • Diamonds, which are expensive, often elicit forgiveness.
    • HELL. DIAMONDS ARE EXPENSIVE. REMOVE THE CLAUSE AND SENTENCE IS STILL GOOD.
  20. WHICH AND THAT. HOW DO YOU USE EACH?
    Remember that you can throw out the “whiches” and no harm will be done.

    You use which in nonrestrictive clauses, and if you eliminate a nonrestrictive clause, the meaning of the remaining part of the sentence will be the same as it was before.

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