HEALTH51B

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jessi126
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HEALTH51B
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2014-03-29 15:59:27
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HEALTH51B
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  1. What replicating molecule is found in the nucleus?
    CHROMOSOMES
  2. Is true red green color blindness sex linked?
    TRUE
  3. Of familial hypercholesterolemia, polydactyly,
    achondroplasia or PKU which is the recessive disorder?
    PKU- PHENYLKETONURIA
  4. What is polydactyly?
    AN AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT DISORDER THAT CAUSES EXTRA FINGERS OR TOES.
  5. Is it true that familial hypercholesterolemia is an in born metabolic error?
    TRUE
  6. What are gametes?
    CELL INVOLVED IN SEXUAL REPRODUCTION. SPERM OR EGG THAT CONTAIN HALF THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES AS THE BODY CELLS
  7. Sometimes a dominant allele is not fully expressed and is called what?
    Incomplete Penetrance.
  8. Is it true that sex-linked traits usually show up in males?
    TRUE
  9. Is it true that congenital diseases or disorders cannot be transmitted to offspring?
    TRUE
  10. What is the meaning of homozygous?
    A PERSON HAVING THE SAME TWO ALLELS OF A PARTICULAR GENE
  11. What disorder leaves the person vulnerable to bleeding episodes?
    VON WILLEBRAND DISEASE
  12. Which is considered to be the most common recessive disorder in the United States?
    • CYSTIC FIBROSIS
  13. The alternative form of a gene is a (n) __________.
    ALLELS
  14. What kind of trait tends to appear in each generation?
    DOMINANT
  15. If a person has only X type of sex chromosomes that person would be
    __________.
    FEMALE
  16. What genetic disease affects about 10% of the black population?
    • SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
  17. What is intermittent claudication?
    PAIN WITH WALKING
  18. Reduced coronary blood flow in coronary heart disease is associated with__________ in more than 90% of persons with coronary heart disease.
    ARTHEROSCLEROSIS
  19. What surgical treatment is used to decrease the risk of hemolytic crisis in inherited causes of hemolytic anemia?
    SPLENECTOMY
  20. What does double pneumonia mean?
    BOTH LUNGS
  21. An excitable focus outside of the normally functioning pacemakers of the
    heart that can cause additional beats or take over the normal pacemaker
    activity is known as a (n) __________.
    SINOATRIAL NODE
  22. Erythrocytes or red blood cells make up about __________ of the blood's volume.
    HALF
  23. What type of tissue are adenoids and tonsils?
    LYMPHATIC TISSUE
  24. Are the following mismatched?

    1.    Turners syndrome-trisomy

    2.    Achondroplasia-dominant trait

    3.    PKU –recessive

    4.    Cystic fibrosis-single gene disease
  25. LactAid may be taken by people with which
    condition?
    PEOPLE WHO ARE LACTOSE INTOLERANCE
  26. Threads of chromatin in the nuclease are called
    what?
    CHROMATIN
  27. Cri-du-chat is a chromosomal problem, which
    chromosome and what is the defect?
    SHORT ARM OF CHROMOSOME 5 ABNORMALLY SMALL HEAD DEFICIENCY IN BRAIN TISSUE CAT LIKE CRY
  28. Albinism is a genetic defect resulting in the lack of production what in the body?
    SKIN AND HAIR COLOR
  29. Does Klienfelters syndrome occur in males of
    females?
    MALES
  30. What sort of genetic disorder is Huntington’s
    chorea dominant, recessive or sex-linked?
    AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT
  31. Of  MS, cystic fibrosis, Tay Sach’s disease and PKU which is no considered a genetic disease?
    MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
  32. The 22 pairs of matched chromosomes are called?
    AUTOSOMES
  33. What is determined during an amniocentesis?
    DETERMINS THE FETAL KARYOTYPE
  34. Nondisjunction
    THE FILIRE OF 2 CHROMOSOMES TO SEPARATE AS THE GAMETES EITHER THE EGG OR THE SPERM ARE BEING FORMED
  35. Trisomy
    THE CONDITION OF HAVING EITHER 3 RATHER THAN 3 COPIES OF CHROMOSOMES 21; CAUSES DOWN SYNDROME
  36. Multifactoral
    of or pertaining to, or arising through the action of many factors

  37. What sort of genetic disorder is albinism:
    dominant, recessive or sex-linked?
    RECESSIVE
  38. A hermaphrodite has how many chromosomes?
    46
  39. In Tay Sach’s disease which culture is
    predominantly affected?
    EASTERN JEWS
  40. Is it true that women who are color blind must have 2 defective X chromosomes?
    TRUE
  41. What is the name given to a person born with testes and ovaries?
    hermaphroditism
  42. Where is the location of the mitral valve?
    BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM  AND LEFT VENTRICLE HAS 2 FLAPS CALLED CUSPS THAT MEET WHEN THE VALVE IS CLOSED
  43. What is the function of the coronary arteries?
    • PROVIDE THE HEART MUSCLE WITH A RELIABLE BLOOD SUPPLY
  44. What valve controls the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta?
    SEMILUNAR VALVE
  45. What are the maternal risk factors associated with tetralogy of Fallot?
    HISTORY OF RUBELLA,POOR NUTRITION OVERUSE OF ALCOHOL, HISTORYOF DIABETES AND MATERNAL AGEOVER 40
  46. What is Reynaud’s Disease?
    IS A FUNCTIONAL DISORDER OF THE ARTERIES CAUSED BY VASOSPASM OR INTENSE OF THE ARTERIES AND ARTERIOLES IN THE FINGER AND TOES
  47. The __________ include those that are generated by electrical abnormalities in the sinoatrial (SA) node, atria, atrioventricular (AV) node, and junctional tissue in the heart.
    SUPRAVENTICULAR ARRHYTHMIA
  48. What procedure is used to open a partially occluded artery?
    ANGIOPLASTY
  49. The venous system carries blood to the __________.
    HEART
  50. An autosomal dominant disorder that results in a defective or deficient
    LDL receptor is known as __________.
    FAMILIAR HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA
  51. What X-linked recessive disorder primarily affects males and results in
    a deficiency of clotting factor VIII?
    HEMOPHILIA A
  52. Diagnosis of blood disorders is based on assessment of __________.
    BLOOD TEST
  53. The tricuspid valve is located between the __________ and __________.
    RIGHT ATRIUM AND RIGHT VENTRICLE
  54. Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, or pernicious anemia, is caused by inadequate
    absorption or intake of vitamin B12 or a
    deficiency in a protein called __________.
    INTRINSIC FACTOR
  55. Megaloblastic red blood cells contain an increased ratio of __________ to __________.
    RNA TO DNA
  56. The megaloblastic anemias are disorders caused by impaired __________ synthesis.
    DNA
  57. The iron-rich, oxygen-carrying protein in erythrocytes is known as __________.
    HEMOLOBIN
  58. What test provides a precise measure of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery?
    CARDIAC CATHETERIZATIION
  59. What tourniquet procedure is used to diagnose chronic venous insufficiency?
    OUTFLOW PLETHTHYSMOGRAPHY
  60. What and where is the endocardium
    MYOCARDIUM INTERNAL LINING CONSISTS OF A SMOOTH DELICATE MEMBRANE CALLED THE ENDOCARDIUM
  61. Systemic circulation distributes oxygenated blood from the __________.
    LEFT VENTRICLE BEGINING AT THE AORTA AND CONTINUING THROUGH ARTERIES TO ALLL PARTS OF THE BODY AND RETURNS DEOXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE RIGHT VENTRICLE.
  62. The minimum daily requirement for vitamin B12 is about __________.
    2.5 MICROGRAMS
  63. What are the names of the lipoproteins?
    • LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (LDL)
    • HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (LDL)
  64. What heart valve disease causes an increase in resistance to blood flow from the left atrium and left ventricle?
    MITRAL STENOSIS
  65. What valve allows blood to flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery?
    PULMANARY SEMINULAR VALVE
  66. Deficient synthesis of one or more of the alpha or beta chains required for the formation of hemoglobin is characteristic of which disease?
    THALASSEMIA
  67. The fluid portion of the blood is known as __________.
    PLASMA
  68. Mortality from cardiovascular disease is expected to increase to __________ million by the year 2020.
    19 MILLION
  69. Cardiac filling is known as __________.
    DIASTOLE
  70. The function of __________ is to defend tissues against bacterial and fungal infections.
    NEUTROPHILL
  71. What are the risks for iron deficiency anemia?
    WEAKNESS FATIGUE, AFFECT COGNITIVE PERFOREMANCE BEHAVIOR, GROWTH IN PREESCHOOL, MISCARIAGE
  72. Mature red blood cells emerge from the bone marrow as __________.
    Reticulocytes
  73. The average life span of a red blood cell is __________ days.
    120 days
  74. The symptoms of anemia are due to __________ to the tissues.
    HYPOXIA OR LACK OF OXYGEN
  75. The most frequent cause of iron deficiency in men and postmenopausal women is __________.
    GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING
  76. Neutropenia in autoimmunity is best treated with __________.
    CORTICOSTEROIDS
  77. What is the normal breathing rate?
    20-30/ MIN
  78. Where in the respiratory tract do asthmatic spasms occur?
    BRONCHIOLE
  79. Is it true that the incidence of asthma is increasing universally?
    TRUE
  80. What surgical treatment is used is used to decrease the risk of hemolytic crisis in inherited causes of hemolytic anemia?
    SPLENECTOMY
  81. A Mantoux test is used to screen for __________.
    TUBERCULOSIS
  82. Is it true that a pneumothorax is more apt to occur in cases of emphysema?
    TRUE
  83. Why does the common cold continue to plague humans?
    BECAUSE THERES MORE THAN 200 STRAINS OF VIRUSES
  84. Why do alveoli not stick together?
    SURFACTANT
  85. Is it true that thickened respiratory membranes result in hypoxia?
    FALSE
  86. What is the frequency of PKU in the United States?
    1 IN 10,000 PEOPLE
  87. Is it true that hay fever affects 1 out of 6 Americans?
    TRUE
  88. Is it true that general aches, pains, weakness, and extreme exhaustion seems to indicate Allergies
    TRUE
  89. What tropical disease has been associated with sickle cell trait?
    MALARIA
  90. What is the main function of the circulatory system?
    TRANSPORT BLOOD OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS
  91. A healthy blood pressure is defined as __________.
     BELOW 120/80 MMHG
  92. Blood return to the right atrium is delivered via the __________.
    VENAE CAVAE
  93. A microbial infection of the endocardial endothelium and the heart valves is termed __________.
    ENDOCARDITIS
  94. Excessive destruction of red blood cells results in accumulation of__________ and causes a jaundiced appearance in the tissues, urine, and feces.
    BILIRUBIN
  95. Which small structures help clean the respiratory tube lining?
    CILIA
  96. Is it true that pneumonia may be caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi?
    TRUE
  97. What are the triggers of asthma?
    ENVIROMENT, PROCESSED FOOD,HEREDITARY SENSITIVITY

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