Card Set Information
What replicating molecule is found in the nucleus?
Is true red green color blindness sex linked?
Of familial hypercholesterolemia, polydactyly,
achondroplasia or PKU which is the recessive disorder?
What is polydactyly?
AN AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT DISORDER THAT CAUSES EXTRA FINGERS OR TOES.
Is it true that familial hypercholesterolemia is an in born metabolic error?
What are gametes?
CELL INVOLVED IN SEXUAL REPRODUCTION. SPERM OR EGG THAT CONTAIN HALF THE NUMBER OF CHROMOSOMES AS THE BODY CELLS
Sometimes a dominant allele is not fully expressed and is called what?
Is it true that sex-linked traits usually show up in males?
Is it true that congenital diseases or disorders cannot be transmitted to offspring?
What is the meaning of homozygous?
A PERSON HAVING THE SAME TWO ALLELS OF A PARTICULAR GENE
What disorder leaves the person vulnerable to bleeding episodes?
VON WILLEBRAND DISEASE
Which is considered to be the most common recessive disorder in the United States?
The alternative form of a gene is a (n) __________.
What kind of trait tends to appear in each generation?
If a person has only X type of sex chromosomes that person would be
What genetic disease affects about 10% of the black population?
SICKLE CELL ANEMIA
What is intermittent claudication?
PAIN WITH WALKING
Reduced coronary blood flow in coronary heart disease is associated with__________ in more than 90% of persons with coronary heart disease.
What surgical treatment is used to decrease the risk of hemolytic crisis in inherited causes of hemolytic anemia?
What does double pneumonia mean?
An excitable focus outside of the normally functioning pacemakers of the
heart that can cause additional beats or take over the normal pacemaker
activity is known as a (n) __________.
Erythrocytes or red blood cells make up about __________ of the blood's volume.
What type of tissue are adenoids and tonsils?
Are the following mismatched?
1. Turners syndrome-trisomy
2. Achondroplasia-dominant trait
3. PKU –recessive
4. Cystic fibrosis-single gene disease
LactAid may be taken by people with which
PEOPLE WHO ARE LACTOSE INTOLERANCE
Threads of chromatin in the nuclease are called
Cri-du-chat is a chromosomal problem, which
chromosome and what is the defect?
SHORT ARM OF CHROMOSOME 5 ABNORMALLY SMALL HEAD DEFICIENCY IN BRAIN TISSUE CAT LIKE CRY
Albinism is a genetic defect resulting in the lack of production what in the body?
SKIN AND HAIR COLOR
Does Klienfelters syndrome occur in males of
What sort of genetic disorder is Huntington’s
chorea dominant, recessive or sex-linked?
Of MS, cystic fibrosis, Tay Sach’s disease and PKU which is no considered a genetic disease?
The 22 pairs of matched chromosomes are called?
What is determined during an amniocentesis?
DETERMINS THE FETAL KARYOTYPE
THE FILIRE OF 2 CHROMOSOMES TO SEPARATE AS THE GAMETES EITHER THE EGG OR THE SPERM ARE BEING FORMED
THE CONDITION OF HAVING EITHER 3 RATHER THAN 3 COPIES OF CHROMOSOMES 21; CAUSES DOWN SYNDROME
of or pertaining to, or arising through the action of many factors
What sort of genetic disorder is albinism:
dominant, recessive or sex-linked?
A hermaphrodite has how many chromosomes?
In Tay Sach’s disease which culture is
Is it true that women who are color blind must have 2 defective X chromosomes?
What is the name given to a person born with testes and ovaries?
Where is the location of the mitral valve?
BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND LEFT VENTRICLE HAS 2 FLAPS CALLED CUSPS THAT MEET WHEN THE VALVE IS CLOSED
What is the function of the coronary arteries?
PROVIDE THE HEART MUSCLE WITH A RELIABLE BLOOD SUPPLY
What valve controls the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta?
What are the maternal risk factors associated with tetralogy of Fallot?
HISTORY OF RUBELLA,POOR NUTRITION OVERUSE OF ALCOHOL, HISTORYOF DIABETES AND MATERNAL AGEOVER 40
What is Reynaud’s Disease?
IS A FUNCTIONAL DISORDER OF THE ARTERIES CAUSED BY VASOSPASM OR INTENSE OF THE ARTERIES AND ARTERIOLES IN THE FINGER AND TOES
The __________ include those that are generated by electrical abnormalities in the sinoatrial (SA) node, atria, atrioventricular (AV) node, and junctional tissue in the heart.
What procedure is used to open a partially occluded artery?
The venous system carries blood to the __________.
An autosomal dominant disorder that results in a defective or deficient
LDL receptor is known as __________.
What X-linked recessive disorder primarily affects males and results in
a deficiency of clotting factor VIII?
Diagnosis of blood disorders is based on assessment of __________.
The tricuspid valve is located between the __________ and __________.
RIGHT ATRIUM AND RIGHT VENTRICLE
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, or pernicious anemia, is caused by inadequate
absorption or intake of vitamin B12 or a
deficiency in a protein called __________.
Megaloblastic red blood cells contain an increased ratio of __________ to __________.
RNA TO DNA
The megaloblastic anemias are disorders caused by impaired __________ synthesis.
The iron-rich, oxygen-carrying protein in erythrocytes is known as __________.
What test provides a precise measure of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery?
What tourniquet procedure is used to diagnose chronic venous insufficiency?
What and where is the endocardium
MYOCARDIUM INTERNAL LINING CONSISTS OF A SMOOTH DELICATE MEMBRANE CALLED THE ENDOCARDIUM
Systemic circulation distributes oxygenated blood from the __________.
LEFT VENTRICLE BEGINING AT THE AORTA AND CONTINUING THROUGH ARTERIES TO ALLL PARTS OF THE BODY AND RETURNS DEOXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE RIGHT VENTRICLE.
The minimum daily requirement for vitamin B12 is about __________.
What are the names of the lipoproteins?
LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (LDL)
HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS (LDL)
What heart valve disease causes an increase in resistance to blood flow from the left atrium and left ventricle?
What valve allows blood to flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery?
PULMANARY SEMINULAR VALVE
Deficient synthesis of one or more of the alpha or beta chains required for the formation of hemoglobin is characteristic of which disease?
The fluid portion of the blood is known as __________.
Mortality from cardiovascular disease is expected to increase to __________ million by the year 2020.
Cardiac filling is known as __________.
The function of __________ is to defend tissues against bacterial and fungal infections.
What are the risks for iron deficiency anemia?
WEAKNESS FATIGUE, AFFECT COGNITIVE PERFOREMANCE BEHAVIOR, GROWTH IN PREESCHOOL, MISCARIAGE
Mature red blood cells emerge from the bone marrow as __________.
The average life span of a red blood cell is __________ days.
The symptoms of anemia are due to __________ to the tissues.
OR LACK OF OXYGEN
The most frequent cause of iron deficiency in men and postmenopausal women is __________.
Neutropenia in autoimmunity is best treated with __________.
What is the normal breathing rate?
Where in the respiratory tract do asthmatic spasms occur?
Is it true that the incidence of asthma is increasing universally?
What surgical treatment is used is used to decrease the risk of hemolytic crisis in inherited causes of hemolytic anemia?
A Mantoux test is used to screen for __________.
Is it true that a pneumothorax is more apt to occur in cases of emphysema?
Why does the common cold continue to plague humans?
BECAUSE THERES MORE THAN 200 STRAINS OF VIRUSES
Why do alveoli not stick together?
Is it true that thickened respiratory membranes result in hypoxia?
What is the frequency of PKU in the United States?
1 IN 10,000 PEOPLE
Is it true that hay fever affects 1 out of 6 Americans?
Is it true that general aches, pains, weakness, and extreme exhaustion seems to indicate Allergies
What tropical disease has been associated with sickle cell trait?
What is the main function of the circulatory system?
TRANSPORT BLOOD OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS
A healthy blood pressure is defined as __________.
BELOW 120/80 MMHG
Blood return to the right atrium is delivered via the __________.
A microbial infection of the endocardial endothelium and the heart valves is termed __________.
Excessive destruction of red blood cells results in accumulation of__________ and causes a jaundiced appearance in the tissues, urine, and feces.
Which small structures help clean the respiratory tube lining?
Is it true that pneumonia may be caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi?
What are the triggers of asthma?
ENVIROMENT, PROCESSED FOOD,HEREDITARY SENSITIVITY