History 101

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History 101
2009-12-09 23:30:58
Final Exam

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  1. The Benedictine monastery founded by the Duke of Aquitaine in 910 was
    • A. Clairvaux
    • B. Chartres
    • C. Cluny
    • D. Clermont
  2. The time during which the papacy was Avignon was known as the
    • A. Babylonian Captivity
    • B. Papal Captivity
    • C. Avignon Captivity
    • D. Avignon Exile
  3. Scholasticism can best be defined as:
    • A. a method of study which attempted to reconcile faith and reason
    • B. a program of study limited to established scholars
    • C. a process of learning with emphasis on church doctrine and obedience
    • D. a radical learning program based on humanism
  4. Which of the following IS NOT one of the original three university degrees?
    • A. education
    • B. law
    • C. medicine
    • D. theology
  5. Courtly love poetry
    • A. was devoted to the "pursuit" and usually was without physical sex
    • B. was always overly erotic and advocated carnal lust
    • C. sought to establish a common code of behavior for medieval society
    • D. resulted in church censorship
  6. After the humiliation of Boniface VIII
    • A. the papacy was unified in its hatred of Philip in particular and kings in general
    • B. popes never again so seriously threatened kings and emperors
    • C. Philip did penance and apologized to the new pope
    • D. both a and b
  7. William of Ockham was
    • A. considered a foe of Scholasticism because he felt faith couldn't be empirically (scientifically) addressed
    • B. a foe of Scholasticism because he opened the university system
    • C. considered a supporter of Scholasticism
    • D. a supporter of Scholasticism because he denied that faith could be empirically (scientifically) addressed
  8. The king who battled with the pope Boniface VIII was
    • A. Phillip IV of France
    • B. Phillip II of France
    • C. Henry VIII of England
    • D. Henry II of England
  9. The papacy resided in Avignon from between
    • A. 1311 and 1377
    • B. 910 and 1010
    • C. 496 and 696
    • D. 1500 and 1522
  10. The first university in Christian Europe was in
    • A. Bologna
    • B. Paris
    • C. Oxford
    • D. Cambridge
    • E. Berlin
  11. This Mongol leader succeeded in conquering all of China, completing the job his grandfather began.
    • A. Genghis Khan
    • B. Kublai Khan
    • C. Timberlane
    • D. Malak Khan
  12. The Mongols who invaded Russia in 1223 were known by the Russians as the
    • A. Hateful Horde
    • B. Mongol Horde
    • C. Golden Horde
    • D. none of the above
  13. The official religion of Russia after 1000 AD was
    • A. Roman Catholicism
    • B. Greek Orthodoxy
    • C. Islam
    • D. Judaism
    • E. There was none
  14. Louis XI of France defeated this would-be empire & long-time thorn in France's side and doubled the size of his kingdom
    • A. Aquitaine
    • B. Brittany
    • C. Burgundy
    • D. Champagne
  15. Whom did Charles VII of France accept because he/she told him "things that only God could know"?
    • A. Pope Boniface VIII
    • B. Joan of Arc
    • C. Pope Urban II
    • D. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  16. One of the newest and most dangerous weapons used in the Hundred Years' War was the
    • A. crossbow
    • B. catapult
    • C. longbow
    • D. mace
  17. Which of the following was a result of the Hundred Years' War?
    • A. The English Parliament grew in prestige, power and strength
    • B. Both England and France ended up regular systems of taxation
    • C. The English had no more lands in France
    • D. All of the above
  18. The Black Death first appeared in
    • A. Sardinia
    • B. Sicily
    • C. Spain
    • D. Genoa
  19. After the wars with Italy in the 1400s, France was controlled by the
    • A. Bourbons
    • B. de Guise
    • C. Montmorency-Chatillons
    • D. all of above
    • E. A & C only
  20. Henry II of France was a macho sort of guy, but he left the ruling of his country to
    • A. Diane de Poitiers
    • B. Catherine de Medicis
    • C. Antoine de Bourbon
    • D. All of the above
  21. The Aztec leader when the Spanish arrived was
    • A. Cortes
    • B. Atahualpa
    • C. Quetzalcoatl
    • D. Montezuma
  22. The native American civilization had over 14,000 miles of excellent roads and bridges and measured wealth in elaborate textiles
    • A. Aztecs
    • B. Mayans
    • C. Incas
    • D. Powhatans
    • E. Cherokees
  23. This native American civilization is remembered today for its thousands of books, although only four remain, and for being the only culture in the Americas with a fixed date calendar, known as the Long Count. They were the
    • A. Aztecs
    • B. Mayans
    • C. Incas
    • D. Powhatans
    • E. Cherokees
  24. The natives of Virginia were anxious to trade with the English because the English had
    • A. copper, iron and other metals
    • B. fine quality textiles
    • C. gold coins
    • D. glass bottles and glasses
  25. The "Three Sisters" of the east coast indians were
    • A. the Iroquois, the Delaware & the Powhatans
    • B. the Cherokee, the Creek and the Choctaws
    • C. deer, rabbit and fish
    • D. corn, beans and squash
  26. Why did the Powhatan order John Smith's beheading and then allow his daughter to beg for his life and save him?
    • A. it was a tradition among these Indians to scare a future ally so he would behave himself
    • B. it was a tradition to give a gift so the future ally would be obligated, or owe you something
    • C. Smith had commited murder, but the Powhatan adored his daughter so he let Smith go
    • D. none of the above
  27. Where would you find Algonquin speakers?
    • A. along the east coast of today's U.S.
    • B. in the southwestern U.S.
    • C. in areas of Ottowa, Canada
    • D. a & c only
  28. It is perfectly valid to say that a humanist was this person because they all studied every aspect of language
    • A. philologist
    • B. philanderer
    • C. physicist
    • D. philosopher
  29. Which period's Latin did the humanists of early Renaissance feel was nearly perfect? The
    • A. classical Rome period
    • B. early Middle ages
    • C. Latin of their own day
    • D. none of the above
  30. This man is known as the father of humanism
    • A. Petrach
    • B. Plutarch
    • C. Dante
    • D. Boccaccio
    • E. none of the above
  31. Council of Pisa
    process of choosing one pope and getting rid of the other two; instead got 3
  32. Council Basel
    telling popes to step down; makes decisions that a normal pope would make;
  33. had Protestantism before it was born
  34. Goes to England meets William of Aquitaine; gets called to Rome to explain what has been going on and gets killed
    John Hus
  35. Bring about the Four Articles of Prague
    Bohemian people
  36. Document that asked for four items:
    --to have cup and bread with communion
    --Iterinate (free preaching)
    --church to exclude anyone from working in
    -no clergy working in government
    --if they have clergymen who is accused of an
    immortal sin, they want just or punishment for this
    Four Articles of Prague
  37. series of battles off and on for 116 years; cause over who will be king of France;
    Reasons: Gascony-- Phillip wants Edward to bow before him and he won't do it; he wants him to do this because of Gascony
    Need to know: England does well for a LONG time because they have mounted knights, new weapons, better military strategies
    Hundred Year's War
  38. Land given by Pepin to the pope to set up little country
    Papel States
  39. the Dauphin; was not crowned
    Charles VII
  40. comes in after 16 years of Dauphin (Charles VII) being in charge; peasant; 16 years old; has little education; goes to parents stating that she heard voices saying she needed to take king to be crowned--goes to Orleana, received in Chinon, gets into Orleana
    Joan of Arc