missed psyc 14/15

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  1. socialization
    process by which children acquire beliefs and behaviours considered desirable or appropriate by the family to which they belong. Social group starts to influence our attitudes more as we age
  2. festinger and carlsmith study
    study on attitudes, boring task, change oppinion
  3. when cognitive dissonance theory is used vs self perception theory
    • CDT - situations in which we behave in ways that are strikingly out of character
    • SPT - situations where we behave only slightly out of character or our attitudes are not that clear to begin with.
  4. why do people misrepresent their attitudes
    • social desirability factor
    • implicit attitudes
  5. how did they help remove the social desirabilty factor and measure peoples attitudes
    bogus pipeline technique
  6. Implicit association test
    uses reaction time to help gauge implicit attitudes
  7. what helps reduce prejudice
    • explicit prejudice - diversity training and guided exposure
    • implicit - fear reduction and other emotion-focused interventions
  8. what is one of the main contributors to prejudice and stereotype
    • human tendency to identify with a group
    • evolutionary psych think that it may have had some adaptive value
  9. social roll theory
    • people are inclined to behave in ways that are consistent with expectations tied to their roles
    • over the course of their lives, as people enact their social roles, their skills in the assigned realm become sharper and their corresponding attitudes more deeply ingrained
  10. milgram study, what factors reduced peoples willingness to obey
    • a confederate who refused to continue
    • increased salience of a victim's suffering
    • proximity
  11. interdependent
    • groups
    • the behaviour of one group member affects the behavior of the other members
  12. what hormone levels have been associated with aggression
    • high levels of testosterone
    • low levels of serotonin
  13. what people are most likely to be involved with violent crime
    muscular young men, with below average intelligence, high levels of testosterone and low levels of serotonin
  14. conflict
    discomfort brought about by two or more goals or impulses perceived to be incompatible
  15. what bodily functions does the HPA do
    • elevates blood sugar
    • supplys energy to the organism under stress
    • protects the body from inflammation
  16. what are optamisitc explanatory style people more likely to do
    seek out social support and to employ constructive coping techniques
  17. reaction formation
    • saying or doing the opposite of what one actually believes - one of freud's defence mechanisms
    • self defence
  18. psychosomatic and psychophysiological
    • biological and psychological factors
    • most prominent were ulcers, asthma, tension, hypertension and migraine headaches
  19. myocardial infarction
    • heart attack
    • blockage of the coronary arteries
    • linked to stress
  20. what are type c personality tyeps more at risk for
  21. social support
    • helps protect us from the effects of stress
    • people with poor social support and who feel lonely tend to experience poorer immune functioning when stressed
  22. positives of stress
    • helps promote positive development
    • can force you to confront challenges, adapt to your environment and build up strength and resilience 
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missed psyc 14/15
2014-03-23 22:11:01

missed text chapter 14/15
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