Psychology of Emotions Ch 1 & 2

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cfish4448
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267619
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Psychology of Emotions Ch 1 & 2
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2014-04-05 20:16:12
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Emotions
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Psychology of Emotion Terms
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  1. How a person interprets the meaning of a situation, with implications for whether an emotion is felt, and if so what emotion
    Appraisal
  2. Emotion categories such as "fear" and "anger" that are thought to be fundamentally distinct, universal, adaptive responses to particular kinds of threats and opportunities
    Basic Emotions
  3. View that the cognitive experience of emotion, occurring in the cerebral cortex, is independent of the arousal and other actions of the muscles and glands, even though the cognitive experience occurs at the same time as the actions
    Cannon-Bard Theory
  4. Theoretical model that emphasizes positive-negative valence and degree of arousal as the key aspects of emotional experience; when arranged according to this model, emotions form a circle
    Circumplex Model
  5. Idea that what we typically consider an emotion consists of underlying elements that could be combined in different ways
    Component Process Theory
  6. A way of describing the feeling aspect of emotion, that emphasizes the dimensions of pleasantness and arousal
    Core Affect
  7. Motivations such as hunger and thirst that arise from the body's needs, rather than an external situation
    Drives
  8. Extent to which what happens in a study reflects what really happens in everyday life
    Ecological Validity
  9. Procedure in which the researcher pastes electrodes on someone's scalp to measure momentary changes in the electrical activity under each electrode
    Electroencephalography (EEG)
  10. A model of attitudes, proposing that evaluations of some target's "goodness" and "badness" are independent rather than opposites
    Evaluative Space Model
  11. Procedure that measures brain activity based on changes in oxygen uptake
    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
  12. View that emotions (especially the feeling aspects of emotions) are the labels we give to the way the body reacts to certain situations
    James-Lange Theory
  13. Condition in which people lose almost all output from the brain to both the muscles and the autonomic nervous system, although they continue to receive sensations
    Locked-in Syndrome
  14. Branch of the nervous system that increases maintenance functions that conserve energy for later use and facilitates growth and development
    Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)
  15. Medical condition in which the autonomic nervous system ceases to influence the body
    Pure Autonomic Failure
  16. The repeatability of the results of some measurement, expressed as a correlation between one score and another
    Reliability
  17. View that the arousal and other actions that are part of any emotion are essential for determining how strong the emotional feeling will be, but they do not identify the emotion; you identify which emotion you feel on the basis of all the information you have about a situation
    Schachter-Singer Theory
  18. Branch of the nervous system that readies the body for "fight-or-flight" emergency actions
    Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
  19. Whether a test measures what it claims to measure
    Validity
  20. A beneficial, genetically-based characteristic that has become species-typical as a result of natural selection
    Adaptation
  21. A genetically-based characteristic that is neutral, but is due to a mutation that also causes some beneficial trait, and becomes species-typical as that mutation spreads through the population
    By-product
  22. The time and place in the past when an adaptation spread through the population as a result of natural selection
    Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness (EEA)
  23. Ways in which emotions directly benefit the reproductive fitness of the individual experiencing the emotion
    Intrapersonal Functions of Emotion
  24. The process by which problematic genetic mutations are removed from the population, whereas beneficial mutations spread through the population, because of the mutation's effect on reproduction
    Natural Selection
  25. Ways in which emotions support committed, interdependent, and complex relationships among people that in turn help us to survive and pass on our genes
    Social Functions of Emotion
  26. A hypothesized neutral "program" that coordinates the activities of many smaller programs, activating those that will be useful for the function of the program and inhibiting those that will interfere
    Superordinate Neural Program

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