Chapter 18 Immunologic Emergencies

Card Set Information

Author:
hiker0001
ID:
267621
Filename:
Chapter 18 Immunologic Emergencies
Updated:
2014-03-25 17:01:18
Tags:
Immunologic Emergencies
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 18 Immunologic Emergencies
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user hiker0001 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Prolonged respiratory difficulty can cause ____, shock, and even death.
    tachycardia
  2. In dealing with allergy-related emergencies, you must be aware of the possibility of acute ____ ____ and cardiovascular collapse.
    airway obstruction
  3. At least ____ Americans per year die of allergic reactions.
    1,000
  4. Allergy-related emergencies may involve (two things):
    • Acute airway obstruction
    • Cardiovascular collapse
  5. The two main chemicals involved in an allergic response include:
    • histamines
    • leukotrienes
  6. Wheezing is one of the most common signs of:
    anaphylaxis
  7. A high-pitched, whistling breath sound that is typically heard on expiration.
    Wheezing
  8. Results from bronchospasm/bronchoconstriction and increased mucus production.
    Wheezing
  9. Consists of small areas of generalized itching or burning that appear as multiple, small, raised areas on the skin.
    Urticaria
  10. In anaphylaxis, you may also note ____ as a result of hypovolemic shock due to increased capillary permeability.
    hypotension
  11. The five most common allergens:
    • Insect bites and stings
    • Medications
    • Plants
    • Food
    • Chemicals
  12. A person will typically experience an allergic reaction after becoming ____ by the first exposure.
    sensitized
  13. Death from stinging insects far outnumber deaths from ____.
    snakebites
  14. Raised, swollen, well-defined area on the skin.
    wheal
  15. The stinger of the honeybee can continue to inject venom for up to __ minutes after the bee has flown away.
    20
  16. About _% of people may have anaphylactic reactions from stings.
    5
  17. This type of allergy accounts for about 200 deaths per year and can cause anaphylaxis.
    Stings
  18. More than two thirds of patients who die of anaphylaxis do so within the first:
    half hour
  19. ____, a harsh, high-pitched inspiratory sound, occurs when swelling in the upper airway closes off the airway; the swelling can eventually lead to total obstruction.
    Stridor
  20. ____ occurs because of narrowing of the air passages, which is mainly the result of contraction of muscles around the bronchioles in reaction to the allergen.
    Wheezing
  21. Prolonged respiratory difficulty can cause a rapid heartbeat (____), shock, and even death.
    tachycardia
  22. In a patient experiencing an allergic reaction, ____ ____ is a useful method that you can use to assess the patient’s perfusion status.
    pulse oximetry
  23. Epinephrine is a ____; it mimics the sympathetic (fight-or-flight) response.
    sympathomimetic
  24. Most patients who die of anaphylaxis do so within the first __________ following exposure.
    A. 90 minutes
    B. 60 minutes
    C. 5 minutes
    D. 30 minutes
    D. 30 minutes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Injection of medications such as penicillin may cause an immediate and severe reaction. "Immediate" is described as:
    within 30 minutes.
  26. Eating certain foods, such as shell fish or nuts, may result in a relatively slow reaction that still can be quite severe. That relatively slow reaction time is:
    more than 30 minutes.
  27. Epinephrine can have an effect within:
    1 minute.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview