Electricity Glossary Terms: Chapter 10

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Electricity Glossary Terms: Chapter 10
2014-03-23 20:18:29

Chapter 10 Glossary Terms
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  1. Electricity:
    • A form of energy that results from the interaction of charged particles, such as electrons or protons.
  2. Static Charge:
    An electric charge that remains as "static" or doesn't move.
  3. Charging By Friction:
    • Is the transfer of electric charges by rubbing or friction.
  4. Electrostatic Series:
    • Is used to determine the kind of electric charges that are produced on 2 substances are rubbed together.
  5. Insulator:
    Is a material that electrons can't move easily from an atom to another atom.
  6. Conductor:
    Is a material that allows electrons to move easily between atoms.
  7. Semiconductor:
    Is a material that electrons can move fairly well between atoms.
  8. Ground Electroscope:
    • Is a device that detects the presence of an electric charge.
  9. Charging by Contact: 
    Is generating a charge on a neutral object by making contact with a charged object.
  10. Laws of Electric Charges:
    Are laws that describe how two objects interact electrically.
  11. Electric Field:
    • Is a property of the space that surrounds an object where the effects of its charge can be felt by other objects.
  12. Induced Charge Separation:
    Is the movement of electrons in a substance.
  13. Ion:
    • Is a positively or negatively charged atom or group of atoms.
  14. Lightning Rod:
    • Is a metal spear or point that is attached to the highest part of a building and is connected to the ground which gives lightning a place to safely go.
  15. Electrostatic Precipitator:
    • Is a type of cleaner that removes unwanted particles and liquid droplets from gas.
  16. Van de Graaff Generator:
    • Is a generator that accelerates particles to very high speeds.
  17. Radiation Dosimeter:
    • Detects and measures radiation exposure.