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2014-03-23 21:22:10
Ms Gantz Tissue study guide

Tissues for A&P
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  1. Tissue
    a group of similar cells that perform a common funtion
  2. Histology
    The study of tissues
  3. Matrix
    The cells in tissues are embedded in a complex nonliving substance
  4. The four major types of tissues are
    Epithelial Connective muscle Nervious
  5. Epithelial Function
    • Covers and protects the body surface
    • Lines body cavities
    • Transport of substances
    • Glandular activity
  6. Connective Function
    • Supports body structures
    • Transports substances throughout the body
  7. Muscle Tissue Function
    • Produces body movements
    • Produces movement of organs such as the stomach heart 
    • Produces heat
  8. Nervous Tissue
    • Communication between body parts 
    • Integration/regulation of body functions
  9. Secretion
    A substance is released outside the cell
  10. Absorption
    Movement of substance through a membrane often blood.
  11. Excretion
    The removal of waste products from the body
  12. Epithelial Tissues are classified according to their function as
    Membranous or Glandular
  13. Layers of the skin
    • Epidermis 
    • Dermis
  14. Layers of the epidermis
    • Stratum Corneum
    • Stratum Lucidum
    • Stratum Granulosum
    • Stratum spinosum
    • Stratum basale
  15. Simple Squamous Epithelum
    alveoli of lungs, lining of blood and lymphatic vessels, surface of pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum
  16. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
    Many types of glands and their ducts, ducts and tubules of other organs such as kidneys
  17. Simple Columnar Epithelium
    Surface of mucous membrane that lines stomach, intestine, uterus, uterine, tubes, and parts of respiratory tract. Goblets cells, cillia, and microvilli, are modifications which are frequently seen in this nose.
  18. Stratified Squamous Epithelium (Keratinized)
    epidermis, surface of mucous membrane lining the mouth and esophagus
  19. Stratified Squamous Epithelium (nonK)
    Lining of vagina, mouth, and esophagus
  20. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium
    Found in sweat glands, ducts,pharynx,epiglottis
  21. Stratified Columnar Epithelium
    Male urethra and in mucous layer near anus
  22. Stratified Columnar Epithelium
    Urinary Bladder, ureters, urethera
  23. Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    Passages of respiratory system, male urethera, modifications include cilia, and goblet cells
  24. Dense Fibrous (Reg)
    ligaments and tendons
  25. Dense Fibrous (IRR)
    Ligaments and tendons
  26. Hyaline Cartilage
    Ends of bones, especially where there are joints respiratory tubes
  27. Fibricartilage
    Between vertebrae menisci in knee
  28. Elastic Cartilage
    External ear, voice box