Excess alcohol intake leads to a reduction in the synthesis rate of what?
What is the relationship between body proteins and water?
Proteins attract water
Fatty acid oxidation results in the direct production of what?
A feature of catabolic reactions is that they
involve the release of energy
How long does it take the liver to process 1 drink?
In the adult body, food energy not stored as fat or glycogen is lost as what?
Your roommate Demetrius is participating in a weightlifting course and complains of a burning pain during workouts. You explain to Demetrius that the rapid breakdown of glucose in his muscles produces large amounts of pyruvate, which leads to a fall in pH within the muscle and that the muscle responds by converting excess pyruvate to what?
An aerobic reaction is one that requires
What is not a possible fate of metabolized glucose?
Glycolysis is the conversion of
glucose to pyruvate
What dietary component cannot be used to synthesize and store glycogen?
The hydrolysis of ATP that often occurs simultaneously with the synthesis of many compounds is an example of
When energy-yielding nutrients are consumed in excess, which one(s) can lead to storage of fat?
Fat, carbohydrate, and protein
Which of the following outlines the overall sequence of events in the complete oxidation of glucose?
Glycolysis, TCA cycle, electron transport chain
What is the major energy carrier molecule in most cells?
What is metabolism?
the sum of all chemical reactions that go on in living cells
Which of the following is the body's first response to the absorption of abundant amounts of carbohydrate?
Synthesis and storage of glycogen
What leads to the production of urea?
Catabolism of amino acids
If the carbohydrate content of the diet is insufficient to meet the body's needs for glucose, which of the following can be converted to glucose?
Which of the following dietary nutrients would most rapidly reverse a state of ketosis in a starving person?
Which of the following is a feature of aerobic metabolism?
Energy is produced more slowly than in anaerobic metabolism
What is the approximate percent efficiency of conversion of food energy to ATP energy in the body?
The formation of glycogen by the liver cell is an example of
What is the first product of fatty acid catabolism?
Elizabeth has been fasting for 4 days in observance of her religious beliefs. You note that her breath smells "fruity." This is most likely due to
her body's shift to a state of ketosis
What term is specific to reactions in which simple compounds are combined into more complex molecules?
The Cori cycle involves the interconversion of
lactate and glucose
External cues that may cause an obese person to respond to food typically include all of the following except
What Instrument Is Used to Measure the Energy Content of Foods?
For every decade beyond the age of 30, what is the percentage decrease in the need for total kcalories?
A graph of the relationship between mortality and BMI is shaped like a