anatomy final

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Author:
sillychicken
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267733
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anatomy final
Updated:
2014-03-24 15:43:14
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fortis anatomy final
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anatomy final
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  1. what are the two main types of hormones?
    steroid and non steroid hormones
  2. how do sterioid hormones move through the blood?
    attached to a protein steroid hormones are not water soluble
  3. what type of hormones are lipid soluble and can move freely across the plasma membrane
    steroid hormones
  4. what part of the brain controlls the pituitary
    the hypothalmus
  5. what are the 7 hormones released by the anterior pituitary
    • growth hormone (GH)
    • prolactin (PRL)
    • thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH)
    • adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
    • leutenizing hormone (LH)
    • folicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)
  6. what gland releases growth hormone and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary gland
    • growth of cells
  7. what gland releases prolactin (PRL) and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary
    • milk producing cells in the breast
  8. what gland releases thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH) and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary
    • stimulation of growth and metabolism
  9. what gland releases adrenocorticotropic hormone and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary
    • releases cortisol from adrenal cortex
  10. what gland releases leutenizing hormone (LH)
    • anterior pituitary
    • stimulates egg and sperm production
  11. what gland releases follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary
    • production of estrogen and testosterone
  12. what gland releases melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) and what does it do
    • anterior pituitary
    • skin pigment
  13. what gland produces oxytocin and what does it do
    • posterior pituitary
    • stimulates labor contractions
  14. what gland produces antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • posterior pituitary
    • regulates water levels
  15. what does the thyroid produce
    hormones T3 and T4
  16. what are hormones T3 and T4 hormones responsible for
    regulate the metabolism of carbs, lipids, and proteins
  17. what regulates the T3 and T4 hormones
    hypothalmus will release TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)
  18. what does the parathyroid gland produce
    PTH (parathyroid hormone)
  19. what is parathyroid hormone responsible for
    increase calcium in blood by stimulating osteocytes to breakdown bone
  20. what is the parathyroid hormone regulated by
    negative feedback loop stops the release of PTH
  21. what hormones does the adrenal medulla release
    norepinephrine and epinepherine
  22. what is the function of norepinephrine and epinephrine
    elevate blood pressure, increase: heart rate, force of contraction, respiratory rate and blood glucose level
  23. what regulates the release of norepinephrine and epinerphrine
    direct sympathetic nerve impulse
  24. what are the main hormones of the adrenal cortex
    • aldosterone (steroid)
    • cortisol ¬† (steroid)
    • sex hormones
  25. what releases aldosterone and what does it do
    • adrenal cortex
    • causes kidneys to reabsorb na+ (sodium) and release K+ (potassium)
  26. what releases cortisol and what does it do?
    • adrenal cortex
    • stimulates liver to make glucose from amino acids and glycerol
  27. what is aldosterone regulated by
    renin/ angiotensin pathway
  28. what is coritsol regulated by
    ACTH from the anterior pituitary
  29. what does the pancrease release
    glucagon and insulin
  30. what does glucagon do
    • stimulates liver to breakdown glycogen into glucose
    • increase blood sugar
  31. what regulates glucagon
    negative feedback loop
  32. what does insulin do
    • stimulates liver to make glycogen¬†
    • helps cells to absorb sugar from blood
  33. what regulates the release of insulin
    negative feedback loop
  34. what hormones are released by the reproductive glands
    testosterone,estrogen, progesterone and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
  35. what hormones do the kidneys release
    • erythropoietin
    • renin
  36. what does erythropoietin do
    stimulate red blood cell production
  37. what does renin do
    aldosterone helps control blood pressure

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