Bentham Utilitarianism

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user misol on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?

  1. Bentham pleasure vs pain
    actions should be based off of pain and pleasure

    • causes pleasure - ought to do it
    • causes pain - ought not to do it.
  2. The principle of utility
    approves or disapproves of an action based on its tendancy to augment or diminish pleasure
  3. Characteristics
    • Intensity - pain/pleasure 1-10 (force/vivid)
    • Duration - how long
    • Certainty/Uncertainty
    • Propinquity (nearness)/Remoteness
    • Fecundity (fruitfulness) - will it produce more of the same?
    • Purity - mixed with opposite?
    • Extent - how many people affected
  4. How to use characteristics
    Mathematical and objective. Calculate this and then decide. If pleasurable
  5. Not common good but a sum of individual goods
  6. Why is it not egoism
    Not egoism because its objective and intrinsic. Or rather where its coming from is
  7. Pig vs human scenario
    • Pig has 1000 units of pleasure
    • Human has 950 units of pleasure 

    so according to bentham seems like you'd save the pig because of quantity of pleasure
  8. 2 principles adverse to utility
    • 1. Principle of Asceticism
    • 2. Principle of sympathy and antipathy
  9. Principle of Ascenticism
    • right - decreases pleasure
    • wrong - increases pleasure 

    This principle is unnatural b/c you cannot will it for an extended time
  10. Principle of Sympathy/Antipathy
    • Right if the person approves of it. 
    • Wrong if the person disapproves of it 

    • ** Try to impose my preference on you.
    • Personal pleasure --> try to impose my preference on you
  11. 4 sources/sanctions of pleasure/pain
    • 1. Physical Sensation
    • 2. Political/Legal/Gov
    • 3. Moral Social Interpersonal Conflict
    • 4. Religious - God

Card Set Information

Bentham Utilitarianism
2014-03-25 00:46:03
bentham utilitarianism philosophy ethics

ethics bentham utilitarianism
Show Answers:

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview