Williams Criticism of Utilitarianism
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- 1. Principle of impartiality
- 2. Negative Responsibility
Principle of impartiality
I must not give my pleasure a higher preference
you are responsible fore what other people do that you could have prevented
Scenario: George the chemist
George is a chemist and jobless. Bossman says if you don't take the job, I'll take it to someone else. Btw that dude is crazy and terrible and could make it like SUPER bad.
According to util, take the job because world would be worse with that dude
Scenario: Jim the botanist
Jim is a botanist. Walks into village and gov has 20 villagers they're about to execute. BUT Jim can kill 1 and let 19 live.
According to util, Jim must kill.
But executor has commitment to army and jim has a commitment to pacifist
- By following principle of impartiality, util violates integrity (being true to yourself/commitment/conviction)
- those things are part of your identity thus util doesn't allow for personal input
What would you like to do?
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