Card Set Information
Summarize the person-situation controversy, and explain its importance as a commentary on the trait perspective.
Traits may be
enduring but the resulting behavior in different situations is different. Thus
traits are not good predictors of individual
instances of behaviors in particular situations.
But average behavior
over many situations is more stable and predictable, thus traits matter.
____(1986, 2001, 2005) believes that personality is the result of an interaction that
takes place between a person and his social context.
The three factors, _____ ______and
_____ are interlocking determinants of each other. Thus, people and their environments interact.
behavior, cognition environment
Our interpretation of events can influence our
Internal v. External locus of control
Personal control v. Learned helplessness
Optimism v. Pessimism
we may presume too readily that others are noticing and evaluating us, when fewer
people notice than we presume
really criticle in the impact of social anziaty
People attribute their successes to stable personal
“I performed well because I am smart/talented, etc.”
People attribute their failures to external causes.
“I performed poorly because it was an unfair test/referee, etc.”
Most people see themselves as better than average.
this is a good healthy bias to help perform well, helps maintain a good self esteem
these biases can help maintain a healthy self-esteem, but all things in moderation e.g. "___ ____" may lead to aggression when unrealistically high self esttem meats social rejection