2005PSY Week 1
Card Set Information
2005PSY Week 1
Sources of Data
What are Research Methods?
A set of tools and procedures
What do research methods allow us to do?
-apply good sense to gather information
-learn more about psychology
-summarise and quantify what we have found
-communicate discoveries to others
To better discover personality, what sources of data can be used?
Life Data (outcome data)
What is Self-Report Data?
-AKA. S Data
Typically questionnaires and interviews
eg. how do they act, what emotions do they experience, what are their thoughts and motives?
What are the advantages of S Data?
-Best expert; including access to thoughts and feelings
-Casual force; knowing your own motives
-Simple and Easy
What are the disadvantages of S Data?
-data isn't being reported accurately
-data can't be reported accurately
-too simple and too easy
What is Informant-Report Data?
Data collected via intel from parents, partners, friends, teachers etc...
How people are seen by others is an important part of who they are
What are the advantages of Informant-reports?
-Large amount of information
-Causal force; expectancy effects, behavioural confirmation, self-fulfilling prophecy
What are the disadvantages of Informant-reports?
-Limited amount of information
-Bias (eg. cultural expectations, sibling, relationship)
Define Life (Outcome) Data
–Archival information from historical records (e.g., police records, marriage & divorce records, school records, sales records)
What are the advantages of Life (Outcome) Data?
- Real-life relevance (probably)
- Psychological relevance
What are the disadvantages of Life (Outcome) Data?
- it is multi-determined (not determined for research purposes)
-relevant data may not be available
-assurance of record accuracy
-impact of social trends
What is Behavioural Data? Define the two types
-AKA. B data
-Natural B data; diaries, experience sampling methods, video/audio records.
-Laboratory B data; experiments, personality tests, physiological measures
What are the advantages of B data?
-Range of contexts
-Objective and quantifiable
Disadvantages of B data?
Explain the uncertainty principle
The world is uncertain, imperfect and ambiguous - making science exciting
What is the triangulation of data?
Mixing different types of data to strengthen findings: B, L, I, S (Behavioural, Life, Informant-report, Self-report)