2005PSY Week 1

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Author:
ariellakerr
ID:
267802
Filename:
2005PSY Week 1
Updated:
2014-03-25 00:27:40
Tags:
Psychology
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Description:
Sources of Data
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  1. What are Research Methods?
    A set of tools and procedures
  2. What do research methods allow us to do?
    • -apply good sense to gather information
    • -learn more about psychology
    • -summarise and quantify what we have found
    • -communicate discoveries to others
  3. To better discover personality, what sources of data can be used?
    • Self-Report Data
    • Life Data (outcome data)
    • Informant-Report Data
    • Behavioural Data
  4. What is Self-Report Data?
    • -AKA. S Data
    • Typically questionnaires and interviews
    • eg. how do they act, what emotions do they experience, what are their thoughts and motives?
  5. What are the advantages of S Data?
    • -Best expert; including access to thoughts and feelings
    • -Casual force; knowing your own motives
    • -Simple and Easy
  6. What are the disadvantages of S Data?
    • -data isn't being reported accurately
    • -data can't be reported accurately 
    • -too simple and too easy
  7. What is Informant-Report Data?
    • Data collected via intel from parents, partners, friends, teachers etc...
    • How people are seen by others is an important part of who they are
  8. What are the advantages of Informant-reports?
    • -Large amount of information
    • -Real-world basis
    • -Common sense
    • -Causal force; expectancy effects, behavioural confirmation, self-fulfilling prophecy
  9. What are the disadvantages of Informant-reports?
    • -Limited amount of information
    • -Error
    • -Bias (eg. cultural expectations, sibling, relationship)
  10. Define Life (Outcome) Data
    –Archival information from historical records (e.g., police records, marriage & divorce records, school records, sales records)
  11. What are the advantages of Life (Outcome) Data?
    • - Real-life relevance (probably)
    • - Psychological relevance
  12. What are the disadvantages of Life (Outcome) Data?
    • - it is multi-determined (not determined for research purposes)
    • -relevant data may not be available
    • -assurance of record accuracy
    • -impact of social trends
  13. What is Behavioural Data? Define the two types
    • -AKA. B data
    • -Natural B data; diaries, experience sampling methods, video/audio records.
    • -Laboratory B data; experiments, personality tests, physiological measures
  14. What are the advantages of B data?
    • -Range of contexts
    • -Objective and quantifiable
  15. Disadvantages of B data?
    Uncertain interpretation
  16. Explain the uncertainty principle
    The world is uncertain, imperfect and ambiguous - making science exciting
  17. What is the triangulation of data?
    Mixing different types of data to strengthen findings: B, L, I, S (Behavioural, Life, Informant-report, Self-report)

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