Ch 06 Digestive System (continued)

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Ch 06 Digestive System (continued)
2015-02-28 23:31:21
medical terminology

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  1. -ectasis
    dilation, widening
  2. -emesis
  3. -pepsia
  4. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  5. -plasty
    surgical repair
  6. -ptysis
  7. -rrhage
    bursting forth (of blood)
  8. -rrhaphy
  9. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  10. -spasm
    involuntary contraction of muscles
  11. -statis
    stopping, controlling
  12. -stenosis
    narrowing, tightening
  13. -tresia
  14. lower gastrointestinal series
    (barium enema)
    x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
  15. upper gastrointestinal series
    x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth
  16. cholangiography
    x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
  17. computed tomography
    a series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)
  18. abdominal ultrasonography
    sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of the abdominal viscera
  19. endoscopic ultrasonography
    use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
  20. magnetic resonance imaging
    magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
  21. HIDA scan
    radioactive imaging procedure that tracks the production and flow of bile from the liver and the gallbladder to the intestine
  22. gastric bypass
    bariatric surgery
    • reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum
    • (gastrojejunostomy)
  23. bar/o
  24. iatr/o
  25. gastrointestinal endoscopy
    visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
  26. laparoscopy
    visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen
  27. liver biopsy
    removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination
  28. nasogastric intubation
    insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
  29. paracentesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
  30. stent
    mesh tube put into a blood vessel to help keep it open
  31. adenocarcinoma
    malignant cancerous tumor of a gland
  32. hepatic
    pertaining to the liver
  33. metastases
    cancerous tumors spreading to other organs
  34. pancreatoduodenectomy
    surgery for pancreatic cancer and first part of small intestine (whipple procedure)
  35. gastrojejunostomy
    gastric bypass procedure
  36. cholecystectomy
    surgery to remove gallbladder