AP Language and Composition Vocab 3

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hdong135
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AP Language and Composition Vocab 3
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2014-03-25 12:00:36
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AP Language Composition
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AP Language and Composition Vocab 3
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  1. pun
    A play on words that often has a comic effect. Associated with wit and cleverness. A writer who speaks of the "grave topic of American funerals" may be employing an intentional or unintentional pun.
  2. Reductio ad Absurdum
    The Latin for "to reduce to the absurd." This is a technique useful in creating a comic effect (see Twain's "At the Funeral") and is also an argumentative technique. It is considered a rhetorical fallacy, because it reduces an argument to an either/or choice.
  3. rhetoric
    Refers to the entire process of written communication. Rhetorical strategies and devices are those tools that enable a writer to present ideas to an audience effectively.
  4. rhetorical question
    One that does not expect an explicit answer. It is used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience. (Francois Villon [in translation] asks, "Where are the snows of yesteryear?")
  5. sarcasm
    A comic technique that ridicules through caustic language. Tone and attitude may both be described as sarcastic in a given text if the writer employs language, irony, and wit to mock or scorn.
  6. satire
    A mode of writing based on ridicule, that criticizes the foibles and follies of society without necessarily offering a solution. (Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels is a great satire that exposes mankind's condition.)
  7. setting
    The time and place of a literary work
  8. simile
    An indirect comparison that uses the word like or as to link the differing items in the comparison. ("Your eyes are like stars.")
  9. stage directions
    The specific instructions a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.
  10. stanza
    A unit of a poem, similar in rhyme, meter, and length to other units in the poem.
  11. structure
    The organization and form of a work
  12. style
    The unique way an author presents his ideas. Diction, syntax, imagery, structure, and content all contribute to a particular style.
  13. summary
    Reducing the original text to tis essential parts
  14. syllogism
    The format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion
  15. symbol
    Something in a literary work that stands for something else. (Plato has the light of the sun symbolize truth in "The Allegory of the Cave.")
  16. synecdoche
    A figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole. ("All hands on deck" is an example.)
  17. syntax
    The grammatical structure of prose and poetry
  18. synthesis
    Location a number of sources and integrating them into the development and support of a writer's thesis/claim
  19. theme
    The underlying ideas the author illustrates through characterization, motifs, language, plot, etc.
  20. thesis
    Simply, the main idea of a piece of writing. It presents the author's assertion or claim. the effectiveness of a presentation is often based on how well the writer presents, develops, and supports the thesis.
  21. tone
    The author's attitude toward his subject
  22. transition
    A word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph
  23. understatement
    The opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
  24. voice
    Can refer to two different areas of writing. The first refers to the relationship between a sentence's subject and verb (active voice and passive voice). The second refers to the total "sound" of a writer's style.

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