Infants and children are at ___ risk for complications from drug therapy because their body and organ functions are in an ongoing state of development.
Although infants and young children have a ___ total body water content, they are ____ susceptible to dehydration from fever, vomiting, or diarrhea.
____ and ___ are expected in pediatric patients during normal maturation.
Weight variations and growth spurts
__ adjustments are frequently necessary in patients who are taking medicine on a regular basis. Therefore, it is important to obtain accurate ___ and ____ measurements on a regular basis.
Dosage; height and weight
_____________ is essential in neonates, infants, and children to ensure that drugs are within an appropriate therapeutic range. Document the precise times that _______ are drawn and the time over which the medication was infused for accurate interpretation of the results.
Therapeutic Range monitoring; blood samples.
It is often difficult to assess the therapeutic effectiveness of medications administered to neonates, infants, and children because these patients are often ____ or cannot tell us " where it hurts".
The nurse must rely on lab values and assessment parameters such as :
temperature, pulse, respirations, heart sounds, lung sounds, bowel sounds, Intake/Output, appetite, general appearance, and responsiveness.
Salicylates ( aspirin) should not be administered to pediatric patients from infancy through their teenage years. Children in this age-group are susceptible to a life threatening illness known as __________, if they ingest aspirin at the time of or shortly after a viral infection of chicken pox or influenza.
Medications routinely used for analgesia and antipyresis ( fever reduction) in pediatric patients are ______ and ______.
Ibuprofen and acetaminophen
_______ can occur quite rapidly in children, particularly if the medication is administered IV. Reactions occur most commonly to antibiotics, especially penicillin.