Pediatrics and Pediatric Calculations

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  1. Infants and children are at ___ risk for complications from drug therapy because their body and organ functions are in an ongoing state of development.
  2. Although infants and young children have a ___ total body water content, they are ____ susceptible to dehydration from fever, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  3. ____ and ___ are expected in pediatric patients during normal maturation.
    Weight variations and growth spurts
  4. __ adjustments are frequently necessary in patients who are taking medicine on a regular basis. Therefore, it is important to obtain accurate ___ and ____ measurements on a regular basis.
    Dosage; height and weight
  5. _____________ is essential in neonates, infants, and children to ensure that drugs are within an appropriate therapeutic range. Document the precise times that _______ are drawn and the time over which the medication was infused for accurate interpretation of the results.
    Therapeutic Range monitoring; blood samples.
  6. It is often difficult to assess the therapeutic effectiveness of medications administered to neonates, infants, and children because these patients are often ____ or cannot tell us " where it hurts".
  7. The nurse must rely on lab values and assessment parameters such as :
    temperature, pulse, respirations, heart sounds, lung sounds, bowel sounds, Intake/Output, appetite, general appearance, and responsiveness.
  8. Salicylates ( aspirin) should not be administered to pediatric patients from infancy through their teenage years. Children in this age-group are susceptible to a life threatening illness known as __________, if they ingest aspirin at the time of or shortly after a viral infection of chicken pox or influenza.
    Reye's syndrome
  9. Medications routinely used for analgesia and antipyresis ( fever reduction) in pediatric patients are ______ and ______.
    Ibuprofen and acetaminophen
  10. _______ can occur quite rapidly in children, particularly if the medication is administered IV. Reactions occur most commonly to antibiotics, especially penicillin.
    Allergic Reaction
  11. Symptoms of an allergic reaction:
    shortness of breath, intense anxiety, weakness, sweating, hypotension, shock, dysrhythmia(arrhythmia), respiratory congestion, laryngeal edema, nausea, defecation/diarrhea.
  12. Although the MD is responsible for ordering the medication and dosage, the nurse remains responsible to _______
    be sure it is correct and safe for administration.
  13. Most recommendations for drug dosages in pediatrics are based on weight in ___.
  14. 1 kg = ______lb
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Pediatrics and Pediatric Calculations
2014-03-25 23:55:13
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