Sociology Chapter 4
Card Set Information
Sociology Chapter 4
Sociology Chapter 4: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
the process by which people act and react in relation to others
a social position that a person holds
all the statues a person holds at a given time
a social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life
a social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects a personal ability and effort
a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life
behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status
a number of roles attached to a single status
conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses
tension among the roles connected to a single status
social construction of reality?
the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction
W.I. Thomas's claim that situations defined as real are real in their consequences
Harold Garfinkel's term for the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings
Erving Goffman's term for the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance
presentation of self?
Erving Goffman's terms for a person's efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others
communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech
the surrounding area over which a person makes some claim to privacy
refers to social patterns that guide our behavior in everyday life
what are the building blocks of social structure?
through ________, we construct the reality we experience.
____________ says that the reality people construct in their interaction has real consequences for the future.
the thomas theorem
ethnomethodology is a strategy to _______ the ______ people have about their social world.
both ______ and _______ shape the reality people construct.
__________ are the way we present ourselves to others.
a status operates as a part in a _____ and a role in a _______.
performances are both ________ and ________.
________ affects performances because men typically have greater social power than women.
gender differences involve ________, _________, and _______, _________, and _________.
use of space
____________ of performances means we try to convince others that our actions reflect ideal culture rather than self fish motives.
_____________ is the "loss of face" in a performance. people use _______ to help others "save face".
what are the three applications in everyday life?
are important dimension of everyday life. involve biological and cultural elements.
how does language define men and women differently?
the power of language
the value of function of language
the attention function of language
what is the foundation of humor?
contrasting incongruous realities
to get "humor" the audience must understand?
the two realities involved well enough to appreciate their difference
humor is often a sign of what?
real conflict in situation where one or both parties choose not to bring the conflict out in the open
humor provides a way to do what?
to express an opinion without being serious, and humor relieves tension in uncomfortable situations
humor deals with what?
topics that lend themselves to double meanings or controversy