pharm: antipsychotics

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Author:
itzlinds
ID:
267985
Filename:
pharm: antipsychotics
Updated:
2014-03-25 22:15:47
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anti psychotics
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anti psychotics
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anti psychotics
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  1. firm ideas and beliefs not founded in reality are called:
    delusions
  2. seeing, hearing, or feeling something that is not there is called:
    hallucinations
  3. distorted preceptions of actual sensory stimuli are called:
    illusions
  4. a type of psychosis characterized by abnormal thoughts  and thought processes, disordered communication, withdrawal from other people an the outside environment is called:
    schizophrenia
  5. symptoms that add on to normal behaviors, including hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thought or speech pattern are called:
    positive symptoms
  6. symptoms that subtract from normal behavior, including lack of interest, motivation, responsiveness, or pleasure in daily activity are called:
    negative symptoms
  7. all antipsychotic drugs act by entering synapses and competing with which NT?
    dopamine
  8. a condition in which the pt. exhibits symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorders is called:
    schizoaffective disorder
  9. what is the efficacy among the various antipsychotic drugs:
    there is little difference in efficacy of the antipsychotic drugs, there is no single drug of choice

    the drug is individualized based on occurrence of adverse effects
  10. which type of antipsychotic is the most effective for tx'ing the positive symptoms of schizophrenia:
    phenothiazines
  11. neuromuscular abnormalities caused by use of neuroleptic meds is are called:

    what is this development a result of:
    • extra pyramidal side effects (EPS)
    • results from: too little dopamine in the brain, from excess dopamine blockade
  12. a form of ESP that includes twitching and muscle spasms of the back, facial muscles, and the tongue is called:

    how can the most severe condition of this be tx'd:
    • dystonia (painful muscle tone)
    • severe dystonia can be tx'd: IV benztropine (congentin)
  13. irresistible pacing with repetitive movements is called:

    which 2 meds can decrease this form of ESP:
    akathesia

    • tx'd:
    • beta blockers
    • benzodiazepines
  14. a form of ESP that includes tremors, shuffling gait, forward flexion and muscle rigidity is called:
    parkinsonism

    • it causes the same symptoms as PD b/c both are from a lack of dopamine
    • with parkinsonism form a neuroleptic, its from excess dopamine receptor blockade
  15. tongue protrusion is almost constant and over time, will actually wear down the lower incisors if neuroleptic is stopped or the dosage is decreased is called:
    tardive dyskinesia
  16. high fever, tachycardia, incontinence, confusion, increased temperature, diaphoresis, dyspnea, and muscle rigidity is called:
    neuroleptic malignant syndrome

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