Tease V Reading
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A primary source is firsthand record of events, theories, opinons or actions. These records may be published or unpublished documents. If it was written hundreds of years after it occurred it is NOT a primary source.
Primary source examples for
- A. Farming tools
- B. Voting Records
- C. Declaration of independence
- D. Speeches
opinons based on beliefs that affect a person's ability to make fair, unclouded judgments or decisions. Ex) carpenter whoes father used certain brand of tool may have a bais towards that brand regardless of if there is a similar or better one
reading style in which a reader carefully analyzes the text judging its credibility and authors intentions.
main reason for writing particular piece (narrative, expository, technical, persuasive)
Text tells a story or relates a chain of events.
Passage introduces or explains a subject, gives groundwork information that is necessary for understanding later ideas, or analyzes information objectively.
Writing passes along precise information, usually about a specific topic, and usually in a formal or semi-formal style. Can use bullets and lists instead of paragraphs ex) explaining EXACTLY how to open a computer program.
writing tries to get reader to agree with the author.
Example of purposes being mixed
A economist writing about his new theory may be using persuasive (To get reader to agree), expository (to introduce new idea to less experienced) and narrative (telling you how he came up with idea)
Topic, and example
the GENERAL subject matter covered by the work. Ex) A book called depression: the rational solution, the topic would be mental health /depression
The topic is general, the main idea is the specific message. In the case of the book Depression: the rational Solution the main idea might be "to erase depression one must engage in rational part of the brain and ignore the emotional part"
Flesh out and explain the main idea. Without these details reader has very little reason to believe the main idea. EX) If book Depression the rational solution said, be more rational and less emotional and you wont have depression the end. you wouldnt believe it
Subjects that a written work frequently touches upon Ex) Depression: The Rational Solution may touch on themes od despair, hope, self-improvement. Themes are ideas that come back again and again .
An Idea that follows from the facts or ideas present in the text. Can be logical/ illogical/ true or untrue. For ex) a conspiracy theory may be totally illogical on its own but when presented with the theory you may be able to draw a logical conclusion from it.
Reading between the lines. Next step to making a logical conclusion. It is Not actually written in text but is deduced by reader. Ex) If a writer has a strong point of view reader needs to be able to detect his biases. Or poorly written instructions about rewiring a house you may need to infer that electricity should be turned off.
to inform reader about a fact, event, news paper articles fall into this category
To persuade the reader to a particular viewpoint, this sort of writing is called persuasive sometimes
What would an advertisements purpose be??
To inform and persuade
Historical context ex)
Everything from masterpiece to amateur web-page has this. Means that the time and place in which the piece was written will influence the work in some way. Historical factors that influence WHAT is written and HOW it is written EX) Four humors back in day was legit thinking as to why peeps got sick.
the way in which a given text is organized. Makes text easier to read such as problem and solution. Emphasized authors point.
Might be illustrated by presenting the problem in one paragraph and the solution in another. Or, the author might choose to write one solid paragraph containing both but use a one font for the problem and one font for the solution.
the author may present 2 different cases with the intent on making the reader consider the differences (or similarities) between 2 cases
Just basically describing something and can be in any format for EX) A park bench that is rusty and used to be pretty rust gets everywhere when wind blows
Require a sequence of directions to be followed explicitly. Directions may be in the form of a list or in paragraph. If they are not in a list, imagine that they are. Write each steps result to keep track.
Some words have double meaning, must look at context to know which the author intended. Context consists of surrounding words, sentences, or paragraphs that help reveal words meaning. Also helps for a word you do not understand at all. If possible always best to double check, obvi cant in a test tho!
Can be hard to read if not written well. First look entire text quickly & general, figure out which pieces are important and go back to text for specific info.
Provides way to look up various topics in the document. Consists of names, topics and ideas mentioned in text with page numbers. (back). only long documents have this. Specific detail.
Table of contents
Provides an overview of a document outlining its basic structure and allowing the reader to quickly look up (and skip to) the section she wants to read. (front). short and long documents could have this. appear in non-fiction work . General topics.
Graphic info- Pie Chart
Common. Represents a concept with a circle and then breaks down the pie into slices to illustrate the components. ex) could represent a single day and how much was spent doing various tasks. Be so careful reading graphs and you'll be fine :)
Scale Readings, what is a scale?
Any standard instrument of measurement that has marking at established intervals. exs) standard weight scale, thermometers, blood pressure monitors, geiger counters, altimeters. Scale readings. Pay special attention to intervals and read any key given.
Scale reading, upper and lower limits?
These are as far as the scale measures (low and high) and should be understood that, for example, if a thermometer's lower limit is -10 and it says -10degrees that there is a good chance the temperature is actually LOWER than that.
Explains symbols and notations used on map. sometime called a key.
indicates NESW. Sometimes there is just an arrow pointing up this should be north. the top of the map should indicate north, but this is not always the case, be careful.
Information in the legend that tells the reader how to interpret distances on the map. Distance scale may represent 1 mi, ect.
What 3 things to text features typically achieve?
Add meaning, change meaning, or add clarity. Ex) A list may add clarity, a novel using italics to mark a characters personal thoughts.
ex) physics review magazine with a little 1 to the right of magazine. This would indicate footnote. Used in scholarly texts.
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