Tease V Science

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rmwartenberg
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Tease V Science
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2014-06-07 22:17:39
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  1. Meiosis
    cell division that produces sex cells
  2. Animalia
    no cell wall ,multicellular
  3. electric charge of an atom
    zero
  4. momentum =
    mass x velocity
  5. prevailing winds
    belt of winds 30 to 60 degrees north or south of the equator
  6. techtonic plates colide what forms?
    Convergent boundary
  7. study of structure of the body and organ sys.
    anatomy
  8. study of the function of the body
    physiology
  9. What kind of tissue is formed in sheets and does not have its own blood supply?
    Epitelial
  10. What kind of tissue is found throughout the body, bone, cartilage, adipose, and blood vessels. It has its own blood supply
    connective
  11. What kinds of tissue produces movement? Which ones are voluntary? involuntary?
    Muscle Tissuesketetal- voluntarysmooth- involuntarycardiac- involuntary
  12. What is the small intestines main job? And what makes up the small intestines?
    Absorption of foodDuodenum jejunum and ileum
  13. Controls body functions, glands and hormones?
    Endocrine system
  14. Which system is a storage for minerals?
    skeletal
  15. body surface
    superficial
  16. sagittal divides?
    left and right parts of body
  17. a sarcomere contains
    actin, myosin, and titan. i band indicates part containing titan, a band indicates part containing myosin. m line indicates where there is no actin. zdisc located at zigzag ends of the sarcomere
  18. Ventral cavitys consists of
    thoracic, abdonimal cavity and pelvic cavity
  19. Body system in a stable state
    Homeostasis
  20. Tiny hair that keep airway clear in bronchial tubes
    cilia
  21. Exchange of oxygen and corbon dioxide?
    aveoli
  22. What does the CNS consists of?(central nervous sys.)
    brain and spinal cord
  23. PNS consists of (peripheral nervous sys. )
    ans & sns (autonomic and somatic)
  24. ANS controls
    heartbeat & digestion (think "rest and digest")
  25. SNS controls
    talking and walking12 pair of cranial nerves31 pair of spinal nervesflight or flight response
  26. another name for large intestine
    colon
  27. Chemicals that break down protiens, carbs, and fats into nutrients
    enzymes
  28. the absorption of nutients occur in the small intestine to increase suface area?(finger like projections)
    villi
  29. lyse means to
    rupture
  30. Engulfing of pathogens by white blood cells
    phagocytosis
  31. Chemical messengers released by damaged tissues
    Cytokines
  32. What kingdoms are part of the Eukaya domain?
    Animalia, fungi, plante, protista
  33. Strectches of DNA on a chromosome that provide info for an organisms characteristics
    Genes
  34. different forms of genes
    alleles
  35. What store and transmit hereditary information?
    Nucleic acids
  36. What are the 5 nitrogenous bases?
    Adenine CytosineGuanineThymineUracil
  37. Thymine only pairs with?
    DNA
  38. Uracil only pairs with?
    RNA
  39. What pairs in DNA?
    • A-T
    • G-C
  40. What is the process of protein productions from messenger RNA?
    Translation
  41. Nucleic acides include?
    Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, and Phospherus
  42. Where is the DNA located in a prokaryotic cell?
    Nucleoid
  43. What part of the cell makes protein?
    ribosomes
  44. what makes the ER rough in a cell?
    ER= Endoplasmic reticulum
    ribosomes
  45. what is the ER responsible for?
    Moving protiens (secretion)
  46. Where is APT produced in the cell?
    Mitochondria aka Powerhouse
  47. What part of the cell allows cellular movement?
    flagella
  48. How are plant cells different from animal cells?
    1.Chloroplasts- contains glucose for photosyntheis2. Larger vacules3. Cell Wall
  49. A chain of amino acids results in
    protein
  50. _________ are large structures that contain _______, the blueprints for making an individual.
    Chromosomes Genese
  51. where does cell differentialtion occur?
    Stem cells
  52. Where does mitosis occur?
    in liver and other organs in the digestive
  53. What kinds of cells are gametes?
    Haploid
  54. How do heterotrophs produce there own food?
    cellular respiration
  55. Photosynthesis=
    Carbon dioxide + H2O + Sunlight ---> Glucose + Oxygen
  56. What is responsible for the expression of genetic traits?
    proteins
  57. What is the major enzyme responsible for DNA replication in cells
    DNA Polymerase
  58. Physical expressions of genetic traits?
    phenotypes
  59. When the offspring always have the same trait?
    Pure trait
  60. homozygous
    both parents give offspring the same allele
  61. Where does the breakdown of fats begin?
    small intestine
  62. Correct order of scientific process?
    Hypothesis data analysis
  63. What kind of energy can bring a car to a rapid stop?
    heat and kinetic
  64. Order of wavelengths from long to short?
    • radio
    • microwave
    • infrared
    • visible
    • ultraviolent
    • xray
    • gamma
  65. In geology, what is considered a sgnificant departure from previous ideas?
    paradigm shift
  66. What are the 3 domains?
    Archeae, Eubacteria, Eukarya
  67. What are the 6 kingdoms
    animalia, fungi, plante, protista, eubacteria, archaea
  68. What does the PNS do?
    "rest and digest"sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination, digestion and defecation
  69. Pancreas is a component of what system
    Endocrine
  70. After passing through the stomach food continues into what?
    Duodenum
  71. During mitosis/cell division Spindle fibers are associated with
    centrosomes
  72. Breathing properly requires the presence ofwhat compound that affects surface tensionof alveoli in the lungs?
    surfactant
  73. What are function of the kidneys
    SecretionReabsorptionFiltration
  74. 3 Characteristic or property of a gas
    A. VolumeB. MassC. Pressure
  75. The combination of sodium and chlorine to form NaCL is considered a/an ___ bond.
    Ionic bond
  76. What is the job of Nucleic Acid in a cell?
    To store and transmit hereditary information
  77. SIX parts of a scientific argument?
    • Problem identification
    • question asking
    • hypothesis development
    • data collection and experimentation
    • analysis
    • conclusion
  78. Introns
    Introns are sequences that interrupt open reading frames, and they are removed after transcription.
  79. Exons
    Exons are the protein-coding regions that are preserved in the transcript
  80. Operons
    bacterial genes that are controlled by a single controller sequence
  81. alleles
    are alternative forms of a gene
  82. Endothermic
    describes a process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from its surroundings in the form of heat.
  83. Exothermic
    "outside heating") describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system, usually in the form of heat,
  84. Ectoderm
    both the skin and nervous systems originate from this layer
  85. Mesoderm
    central layers of the body: bone, muscle, kidneys and heart
  86. endoderm
    digestive organs and the lungs
  87. endoplasmic reticulum
    continuous with nuclear membrane and does not contain dna
  88. golgi apparatus
    membranous sac originating from the endoplasmic reticulum, does not contain and DNA or protein synthesis.
  89. lysosome
    lysosomes contains enzymes to break down waste molecules; it is not involved in protein synthesis.
  90. chloroplasts
    contain DNA and protein synthesis machinery.
  91. potential energy
    energy of location
  92. kinetic energy
    energy of motion
  93. myosin
    contains heads that contact actin and pull the actin fibres together in an  ATP- dependant mechanism that causes muscle contration
  94. muscle sarcomere
    are formed by actin and myosin
  95. Dynein
    is an atp dependent molecule that walks along microtubules causing them to moves but it is not part of the sarcomere.
  96. keratin
    fibrous protein of hair and nails and is not part of the sarcomere.
  97. laminin
    protein of the nuclear envelope not part of the sarcomere.
  98. heterotrophic
    requires an organic source of carbon
  99. chemoautotrophic
    chemo implies that redox reaction using minerals are the origin of the energy
  100. photoautotrophic
    sunlight is used to perform photosynthesis. basis of the energy cycle.
  101. Photoheterotrophs
    (Gk: photo = light, hetero = (an)other, troph = nourishment) are heterotrophic phototrophs—that is, they are organisms that use light for energy, but cannot use carbon dioxide as their sole carbon source.
  102. Transitional forms
    Fossils or organisms that show the intermediate states between an ancestral form and that of its descendants are referred to as transitional forms
  103. Vestigial
    forming a very small remnant of something that was once needed but no longer anymore
  104. monomer
    monomer is a molecule that may bind chemically to other molecules to form a polymer. The term "monomeric protein" may also be used to describe one of the proteins making up a multiprotein complex
  105. concentraion of hydrogen ions in water with a PH of 7
    formula for pH is -log (H+) a ph of 7 translates to 10 -7 M
  106. Mitosis? cellular repoduction cells
    • Mitosis produces two daughter cells that are identical to the parent cell.  If the parent cell is haploid (N), then the daughter cells will be haploid.
    • this type of division allows multicellular organizms to grow and repair damaged tissue.
  107. Haploid
    haploid cells have one complete set of chromosomes. in animals, gametes (sperm and eggs) are haploids.
  108. Diploid
    diploid cells (2N) have two complete sets of chromosomes. the body cells of animals are diploid.
  109. Meiosis
    • Meiosis produces daughter cells that have one half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
    • enables organisms to reproduce sexually.
    • meiosis involves two divisions producing a total of four daughter cells.
  110. what are Gametes(sperm and eggs)
    Haploids
  111. what is a chromatid?
    single DNA molecule
  112. what is a centromere
    point where two chromatid attach.
  113. Interphase
    chromosomes are not visible because they're uncoiled.
  114. Mitosis (prophase) Coil
    • the chromosomes begin to coil
    • spindle apparatus begins to form as centrosomes move apart.
  115. Mitosis(prometaphase)
    • the nuclear membrane disintegrates
    • kinetochores form on the chromosomes
    • kinetochore microtubules attatch to the chromosomes.
  116. Mitosis (metaphase) Align
    The chromosomes become aligned on a plane.
  117. Mitosis (anaphase) separate
    the chromatids separate (number of chromosomes doubles.
  118. Mitosis (telophase) uncoil
    • the nuclear membrane reappears.
    • chromosomes uncoil
    • spindle apparatus breaks down
    • the cell divids into two.
  119. G1 Interphase of mitosis
    the chromosomes have one chromatid
  120. G2 interphase
    the chromosomes are replicated. each one has two sister chromatids.
  121. Meiosis (prophase 1)
    Homologous chromosomes become paired.
  122. Meiosis (Metaphase 1)
    homologous pairs become aligned in the center of the cell.
  123. Meiosis (anaphase 1)
    homologous chromosomes seperate
  124. Meiosis telophase 1
    Absent in some species
  125. Meiosis Interkiesis
    similar to interphase except DNA synthesis does not occur
  126. Eight levels in taxonomy hierarchy
    Domain, kingdom, phylum, lass, order, family, genus, species.
  127. endoplasmic reticulum
    rough and smooth is a tubular transport network within the cell.
  128. golgi apparatus
    involved in the packging and transport of proteins in the cell. works with ER
  129. Vesicles
    small membrane bounded sacs within the cytoplasm. transport proteins,
  130. vacuole
    basic storage unit o the cell that can hold various compounds.
  131. lysosomes
    contain digestive enzmes that are capable of disposing cellular debris and worn cellular parts.
  132. peroxisome
    functions to rid the body of toxic components.
  133. Mitochondria
    powerhouse of the cell ATP creation. Cristae found in this folds where enzymes are located help convert sugar to ATP.
  134. Chromosomes
    large structures of DNA
  135. Genes
    blueprints for making an individual. DNA contains genes.
  136. Central dogma of biology states that DNA
    gives rise to RNA which gives rise to protein.
  137. ROY G BIV
    • Color spectrum Long to Short.
    • Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet.
  138. Law of conservation of energy
    energy is not lost but rather transferred back and forth Between KE and PE.
  139. how many protons are found in an isotope of O-29
    8 since the atomic number is 8 which equals the number of protons in the atom
  140. how do catalyst increase the rate of chemical reaction?
    by lowering the activation energy.

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