carpentry 1- building loads and forces
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what type of load is a permanent part of the structure or moves or changes slowly enough that it does not require special consideration?
give 6 examples of a dead load.
- 2.foundation walls
- 5.interior/exterior walls
- 6.insulating and roofing material
give 3 examples of live loads.
- 1. people
- 2. furniture
- 3. weather (SNOW, RAIN, WINDS)
give 7 examples of environmental loads
- 1. temperature
- 2. moisture
- 3. soil conditions
- 4. vibrations
- 5. chemicals
- 6. light and sound radiation
- 7. air movement/ pressure
which type of load occurs when there is an extreme or sudden change in load acting on a structure?
give 1 example of a consentrated load.
post supporting a beam
give an example of a uniformly distributed load.
floor joists on a foundation wall
fibres and particles are said to be in a state of_____ when under load
what type of stress is a stretching load called?
what kind of stress is it called when to objects can slide apart when attached at a centre location?
concrete performs well in compression and poorly in___.
steel rebar of various diameters are used to ____concrete.
the best location to drill a hole ( smaller than the max. diameter allowed) in dimensional lumber joist would be the ____ of the joist.
a____ allows for a certain amount of independent movement between sections of wall.
______has a great effect on the engineering properties of soils, as it affects the strength and compression characteristics.
depth of soil freezing is called_____.
depth of frost penetration
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