carpentry 1- building loads and forces

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Author:
heeres
ID:
268114
Filename:
carpentry 1- building loads and forces
Updated:
2014-03-26 21:06:49
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theory
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theory
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carpentry 1- building loads and forces
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  1. what type of load is a permanent part of the structure or moves or changes slowly enough that it does not require special consideration?
    static load
  2. give 6 examples of a dead load.
    • 1.footings
    • 2.foundation walls
    • 3.floors
    • 4.roof
    • 5.interior/exterior walls
    • 6.insulating and roofing material
  3. give 3 examples of live loads.
    • 1. people
    • 2. furniture
    • 3. weather (SNOW, RAIN, WINDS)
  4. give 7 examples of environmental loads
    • 1. temperature
    • 2. moisture
    • 3. soil conditions
    • 4. vibrations
    • 5. chemicals
    • 6. light and sound radiation
    • 7. air movement/ pressure
  5. which type of load occurs when there is an extreme or sudden change in load acting on a structure?
    dynamic load
  6. give 1 example of a consentrated load.
    post supporting a beam
  7. give an example of a uniformly distributed load.
    floor joists on a foundation wall
  8. fibres and particles are said to be in a state of_____ when under load
    stress
  9. what type of stress is a stretching load called?
    tension/ tensile
  10. what kind of stress is it called when to objects can slide apart when attached at a centre location?
    shear stress
  11. concrete performs well in compression and poorly in___.
    tension
  12. steel rebar of various diameters are used to ____concrete.
    reinforce
  13. the best location to drill a hole ( smaller than the max. diameter allowed) in dimensional lumber joist would be the ____ of the joist.
    centre
  14. a____ allows for a certain amount of independent movement between sections of wall.
    control joint
  15. ______has a great effect on the engineering properties of soils, as it affects the strength and compression characteristics.
    water
  16. depth of soil freezing is called_____.
    depth of frost penetration

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