A physiological or anatomical defect that develops in fetal life as a result of environmental factors.
The absence or blockage of natural orifice or tubular structure.
A compact substance (e.g. undigested food, fecal material) that occurs normally in the digestive tract.
Child life specialist
A trained professional who specializes in the psychosocial care of and communication with pediatric patients and their families.
A term that descries the communicating passageways between the nasal fossae and the pharynx.
Narrowing of the passageway of a blood vessel, such as coarctation of the aorta, a congenital condition,
A condition or an anomaly that develops during fetal life.
A normal fetal structure that allows blood to bypass circulation to the lungs. If this structure remains open after birth, it is called a patent ductus arteriosus.
The first 8 weeks of gestational development.
The eversion, or turning out, of an organ.
Gestational life after 8 weeks.
A birth anomaly that is inherited.
The balance of physiological processes that maintain life.
An infant-size "bed" and transport unit that is environmentally controlled and equipped with monitoring devices.
A psychological process in which a person attributes intention and will to inanimate objects. Magical thinking may also describe a patient's belief that an event will happen because he or she wills it to or wishes it. This is a normal development stage of toddlers.
A chemical or other agent that causes permanent change in the cell's genetic material.
Pediatric cancer of the kidney also known as Wilms tumor.
Neural tube defect
A congenital abnormality resulting from failure of the neural tube to close in embryonic development.
A protrusion of abdominal contents through a congenital defect at the umbilicus.
A narrowing of the part of the stomach pylorus that leads to the small intestine.
A chemical or agent that can injure the fetus or cause birth defects.