Emergency Trauma Surgery Terms

Card Set Information

Emergency Trauma Surgery Terms
2014-03-27 02:10:55
Trauma Surgery
Surgical Major Procedures
Terms associated with emergency trauma and surgery
Show Answers:

  1. Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS):
    A program established by the American College of Surgeons for protocols and training in trauma medicine.
  2. Algorithms:
    Treatment pathways established to allow systematic and consistent methods of medical and surgical managment.
  3. Blunt injury:
    Trauma that results in deep tissue injury without rupture of the skin.
  4. Cardiac rupture:
    Tearing of the atria or ventricles as a result of trauma.
  5. Cardiac tamponade:
    Pressure on the heart causing restriction and damage to the conduction system.
  6. Coagulopathy:
    Condition in which the body's normal blood clotting mechanism ceases to function, characteristic in severe multitrauma.
  7. Compartment snydrome:
    Increased pressure in any compartment of the body such as the cranium, abdominal cavity, or a limb caused by trauma.
  8. Contusions:
  9. Damage control surgery:
    Surgery whose objective is to stop hemorrhage and prevent sepsis without attempting reconstruction or anatomical continuity.
  10. Definitive diagnosis:
    Evidence-based diagnosis of a medical problem using normal investigative procedures such as imaging studies.
  11. Definitive procedure:
    A planned surgical procedure, usually with specific objectives for reconstruction or restoring continuity of anatomical structures.
  12. Exsanguinating:
    Hemorrhage with the potential to deplete the patient's total blood volume.
  13. Flail chest:
    Rib fracture in at least three adjacent ribs in two locations each. This condition requires immediate surgery.
  14. Focused assessment with ultrasound for trauma (FAST):
    A protocol of ATLS in which ultrasound is used in a focused area to diagnose severe trauma.
  15. Hemorrhagic shock:
    A type of shock characterized by vascular failure due to severe bleeding.
  16. Hemothorax:
    Bleeding into the pleural space.
  17. Metabolic acidosis:
    A potentially lethal physiological condition occurring in shock, characterized by abnormally low blood pH.
  18. Occult injury:
    An injury that is not detected in normal assessment procedures.
  19. Penetrating injury:
    Tissue damage that occurs when an object enters the body through the skin, or the body is propelled agains an object, breaking the skin.
  20. Pneumothorax:
    Injury that results in air in the pleural space causing displacement or collapse of the respiratory structures.
  21. Resuscitation:
    In trauma medicine, the process of restoring physiological balance following severe trauma.