PSY 211 ch 1

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  1. way people grow & change across the life span; includes people's biological, cognitive, psychological, and social functioning
    human development
  2. total pattern of a group's customs, beliefs, art & technology
  3. increasing connections between different parts of the world in trade, travel, migration & communication
  4. in a population, the number of births per woman
    total fertility rate (TFR)
  5. world's most economically developed & affluent countries, with the highest median levels of income & education: represent only 18th of world population
    developed countries
  6. countries that have lower levels of income & education than developed countries but are experiencing rapid economic growth
    developing countries
  7. cultural values such as independence & self-expression
  8. cultural values such as obedience and group harmony
  9. in developing countries, a rural culture that adheres more closely to cultural traditions than people in urban areas do
    traditional culture
  10. in Hindu culture of India, an inherited social hierarchy, determined by birth
    caste system
  11. w/in a country, the cultural group that sets most of the norms & standards & holds most of the positions of political, economic, intellectual & media power
    majority culture
  12. settings & circumstances that contribute to variations in pathways of human development, including SES, gender & ethnicity, as well as family, school, community, media & culture
  13. person's social class, incl. educational level, income level and occupational status
    socioeconomic status (SES)
  14. group identity that may include components such as cultural origin, cultural traditions, race, religion, and language
  15. characteristic pattern of individual development in a species
  16. pertaining to the development of a species
  17. evolutionary process in which the offspring best adapted to their environment survive to produce offspring of their own
    natural selection
  18. evolutionary line that led to modern humans
  19. social and economic system in which economic life is based on hunting (males) and gathering edible plants (females)
  20. species of modern humans
    Homo sapiens
  21. period of human history from 40,000 to 10,000 years ago, when distinct human cultures first developed
    Upper Paleolithic period
  22. era of human history from 10,000 to 5,000 yrs ago when animals and plants were first domesticated
    Neolithic period
  23. form of human social life, beg. about 5,000 yrs ago that includes cities, writing, occupational specialization, and states
  24. centralized political system that is an essential feature of a civilization
  25. religious leader believed to have special powers and special knowledge of the spirit world
  26. branch of psychology that examines how patterns of human functioning and behavior have resulted from adaptations to evolutionary conditions
    evolutionary psychology
  27. Freud's theory proposing that sexual desire is the driving force behind human development
    psychosexual theory
  28. Erikson's theory that human development is driven by the need to become integrated into the social and cultural environment
    psychosocial theory
  29. Bronfenbrenner's theory that human development is shaped by 5 interrelated systems in the social environment
    ecological theory
  30. new life stage in developed countries, lasting from the late teens through the twenties, in which people are gradually making their way to taking on adult responsibilities in love and work
    emerging adulthood
  31. process of scientific investigation, involving a series of steps from identifying a research question through forming a hypotheses, selecting research methods and designs, collecting and analyzing data and drawing conclusions
    scientific method
  32. a researcher's idea about one possible answer to the question proposed for investigation
  33. approach to investigating the hypothesis
    research method
  34. plan for when & how to collect the data for a study
    research design
  35. subset of a population for which data are collected in a scientific study
  36. in research, then entire category of peoplel represented by a sample
  37. the way a study is conducted & data is collected
  38. in scientific research, the system of having other scientists review a manuscript to judge its merits and worthiness for publication
  39. framework that presents a set of interconnected ideas in an original way and inspires further research
  40. std procedure in social scientific studies that entails informing potential participants of what their participation would involve, incl any possible risks & giving them the opportunity to agree to participate or not
    informed consent
  41. data that is collected in nonnumerical form
  42. data is collected in numerical form
  43. research method that involves spending extensive time among the people being studied
    ethnographic research
  44. comparing an experimental group that receives a treatment of some kind to a control group that receives no treatment
    experimental research method
  45. the variable in an experiment that is different for the experimental group than for the control group
    independent variable
  46. the outcome that is measured to calculate the results of the experiment by comparing the experimental group to the control group
    dependent variable
  47. program intended to change the attitudes or behavior of the participants
  48. situation that exists naturally but provides interesting scientific information
    natural experiment
  49. the consistency of measurements across different occasions
  50. the extent to which a research method measures what it claims to measure
  51. research design that involves collecting data from people of a variety of ages on a single occasion
    cross-sectional research
  52. statistical relationship between 2 variables such that knowing one of the variables makes it possible to predict the other
  53. research design in which the same persons are followed over time and data are collected on 2 or more occasions
    longitudinal research
  54. an explanation of group differences among people of different ages based on the fact that they grew up in a different "cohorts" or historical periods
    cohort effect
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PSY 211 ch 1
2014-03-27 19:49:37
PSY 211
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