Ch. 7 obesity stereotypes and weightism
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What is weightism?
prejudice and discrimination against people because of their large size or extreme weight
What is devaluing?
strategically de-emphasizing the importance of a domain to one's self-concept and is often complemented by a corresponding selective valuing of an alternative domain on which one is likely to succeed
What is lookism?
refers to the positive stereotypes, prejudice, and preferential treatment accorded to physically attractive people or more generally to people whose appearance matches cultural values and priorities
What is size acceptance?
challenges the moral panic and judgement surrounding obesity, including the beliefs that weight is controllable and significant weight loss is achievable
What are the obesity stereotypes?
- Endomorphic (plump or overweight: complacent and love of physical comforts)
- Mesomorphic (muscular: aggressive and love of adventure)
- Ectomorphic (thin: restrained and socially inhibited)
Perceived controllability of obesity?
- more acceptable for obesity being result of hormonal imbalance.
- genetic influences on body size and basic metabolic rate influence controllability, or lack of, with obesity
perceiver/target obesity stereotypes?
- thinness targets are regarded as more attractive from black and white perceivers
- heavyweight people perceived as less happy, intelligent, attractive, and successful
- Whites rated more negatively toward heavyweight individuals compared with other ethnic groups (minorities)
Weightism at school?
- negative stereotypes and attitudes are directed toward obese individuals (rejection)
- ranked lowest in desirability level
- obesity affects ability to get into college (obese people deterred)
Weightism as work?
- obese people perceived as lazy and incompetent, take advantage of health benefits due to weight and thus health issues
- obese people less likely to get employment due to fear of impact of work ability and susceptibility to health issues
Weightism in health care system?
should lose weight to be healthy (bad influence or image for patients) (directed more towards females than males)
Weightism in media?
few overweight people shown in television or movies
health risks for obese?
greater risk for depression, low self-esteem, greater loneliness, and more personal dissatisfaction
What attributes to negative outcomes?
obese people believe they are responsible for their weight issues and often internalize it (feeling they deserve the negative treatment they receive in life)
devaluing negative outcomes?
placing higher emphasis on personal intelligence and skills and less on physical appearance
What is strategic self-presentation?
- initially presenting yourself in better light through the use of humor or kindness (heading off)
- fighting the stereotypes by being the opposite of what they say you are (compensation)
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