cardiopulmonary

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Author:
BELISA78
ID:
26829
Filename:
cardiopulmonary
Updated:
2010-07-15 00:14:17
Tags:
PT cardiopulmonary
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Description:
review of cardiopulmonary terms and conditons
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  1. shrunken and airless state of part of the lung
    can be acute or chronic
    usually associated with infection

    Sx's:
    pain on affected side
    dyspnea
    cyanosis
    diminished or absent breath sounds
    atelectasis
  2. normal breath sounds include all except:

    A) ronchi
    B) crackles
    C) wheezes
    D) soft rustling sounds
    E) vesicular sounds
    F) c,d, and e
    F) c,d, and e
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. this occurs when there is an increase in inspiration and expiration resulting in increased rate and/or depth of respiration as well as depletion of carbon dioxide
    Hyperventilation (respiratory alkalosis)
  4. difficulty breathing except in the sitting or standing position.
    orthopnea
  5. decrease of BP upon assuming an erect position
    orthostatic hypotension
  6. percussion is used to clear secretions from where?
    trachobronchial trees
  7. the amount, color and conditions of sputum can help differentially diagnose pulmonary conditions:

    a foul smelling sputum suggests what?
    anaerobic infection
  8. the amount, color and conditions of sputum can help differentially diagnose pulmonary conditions:

    purulent (yellow or green) sputum suggests what?
    infection
  9. the amount, color and conditions of sputum can help differentially diagnose pulmonary conditions:

    frothy sputum suggests what?
    pulmonary edema
  10. the amount, color and conditions of sputum can help differentially diagnose pulmonary conditions:

    mucoid (thick, clear) sputum suggests what?
    cystic fibrosis
  11. blood in sputum is called?
    hemoptysis
  12. why is valsalva maneuver dangerous?
    causes increased intrathoracic pressure and decreased return of blood to the heart
  13. treatment(s) for DVT's
    anticoagulants:

    • coumadin
    • heparin
  14. treatment(s) for bronchoconstriction:
    bronchodialators that relax smooth muscle:

    • epinephrine
    • alupent
    • ventolin
    • proventil
  15. treatment for pulmonary edema and inflamation
    corticosteriods:

    • prednisone
    • cortisol
  16. pneumothorax will have tracheal deviation _______ from affected side.
    away
  17. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary diseases (COPD) include the following:

    Sx's:
    increased resistance to airflow
    smoking Hx
    abnormal breath sounds
    use of accessory breathing muscles
    increased chest size
    dry or productive cough
    • Asthma
    • bronchitis
    • cystic fibrosis
    • emphysema
  18. this COPD is a result of increased reactivity of the trachea and bronchi to various stimuli (ex, cold, allergens)

    Sx's:
    wheezing cough
    dry or productive cough
    anxiety with severe broncho spasm
    symmetrically decreased chest wall
    asthma

    • Treatment:
    • bronchodialtors prior to ex or cold exposure
    • decreased activity depending on enviro conditions
    • oral or IV steroids
  19. a chronic inflammation of the tracheobronchial tree

    Sx's:
    cough and sputum lasting at least 3mos for 2 consecutive yrs
    wheezing or rhonchi(low pitched) breath sounds
    possible fever
    bronchitis

    • treatment:
    • bronchopulm hygiene
    • positions of relaxation
    • paced breathing
    • endurance exercise
    • pt edu
  20. a genetically inherited disease with thickening secretions of all exocrine glands. may present as an obstructive, restrictive, or mixed disease.

    Sx's:
    frequent resp. infections
    inability to gain wt.
    (+) sweat electrolyte test
    productive large amounts of mucoid, purulent sputum
    rales, wheezing
    possible hemoptysis
    cystic fibrosis

    • Treatment:
    • PT chest therapy
    • suction
    • endurance ex.
  21. permanent abnormal enlargement and destruction of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles

    Sx's:
    chronic cough
    sputum production
    smoking hx
    barreled chest
    accessory muscle use
    dyspnea
    decreased breath sounds
    emphysema

    • Treatment:
    • pursed lip breathing
    • pt edu
    • endurance ex
  22. Changes with restrictive diseases include:

    Sx's:
    increased resistance to airflow
    abnorm breath sounds
    increased chest size
    accessory muscle breathing
    dry/productive cough
    • fibrotic changes in pulmonary pleura
    • changes in chest wall
    • changes in neuromuscular system

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