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Relationship between spelling patterns and the speech sounds they represent
- -Speech sounds that are produced by obstructing the stream of breath.
- -25 consonant phonemes
- -Words containing single consonants (consonants are underlined):as, key, pie, rip, so, one, jaw, car
“Hard” and “soft” consonants.
- “Hard” and “soft” consonants.
- c = /k/ cat, cot, cut (Hard) & /s/ city, certain, cypress (Soft)
- g = /g/ get, got, gut (Hard) & /j/ gym, gem, giraffe (Soft)
- c followed by i, e or y represents the soft, or /s/ sound; g followed by i, eor y represents the soft, or /j/ sound.
- Vowels =
- Speech sounds that are produced by a relatively unobstructed stream of air. There are approximately 19 separate vowel phonemes (excluding “long u”), which are represented by more than 200 spelling patterns.“