David, Andrea del Verrocchio, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Made for Medici family to replace Donatello's statue due to how provocative it was.
Similarities: Contrapposto, adolescent and feminine boy, exact same moment, approximately lifesized, cast bronze, on guard.
Differences: Lack of nudity, no more hat (symbol of peace with laurel leaves), Goliath's head is not being stepped on and he is not wearing a helmet. Head = separate casting, May have been further off to the side and may explain more dramatic head turn.
Equestrian Monument of Erasmo Da Narni (Gattamelata), Donatello, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Northern Italy Padua commission
University town --> Arena Chapel by Giotto
Earliest cast bronze equestrian monument
Subject = not ruler, but a professional soldier and commander of Venetian army.
Widow and son commissioned monument to honor him and it was placed in the center of town in front of the church, which is dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua
Inspired by Statue of Marcus Aurelius
Commanders (military leaders) for hire
Dome of Florence Cathedral, Brunelleschi, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Familiar with the Pantheon.
Cathedral of Florence calls for architect to design and build the biggest dome on earth.
The lower part of the dome is the basic foundation of whole support system.
Double-shelled dome: one dome inside another dome.
Foundling Hospital, Brunelleschi, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Paid for by silk manufacturers and goldsmith guilt.
Felt need that orphans should be cared for and could be dropped off anonymously.
Rather than Gothic vertical style, the emphasis has become horizontal.
Corinthian style columns
Pendentive triangular units that come out of square help support structure.
A gallery or room with one or more open sides, like a garden.
The triangular upper part of the front of a building in classical style, typically surmounting a portico of columns.
A curved triangle of vaulting formed by the intersection of a dome with its supporting arches.
The capital, or top, of a Corinthian column has lavish ornaments carved to resemble leaves and flowers.
A horizontal, continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall, comprising the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
San Lorenzo, Brunelleschi, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
limited people could use library due to illiteracy
Donatello buried in this church
Natural clear white light and not stained glass windows
Flat ceiling with coffers (Ancient Roman)
Large arch frames where alter is located.
Reacting to early Christian church architecture and Gothic architecture.
Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Michelozzo, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
3-story, free-standing home and office, business, and home.
Coat of arms has balls
Interior courtyard for added security
Riccardi family = last family to have the house
1st floor area were offices
Upper areas were private areas
A city home
Palazzo Rucellai, Alberti, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Doric, Ionic and Corinthian pillars and columns
Alberti's On Painting
Principles of linear one point perspecitve that was previously inaccessible to to common people or artists
Alberti's On Sculpture
Harks on classical design
Alberti's On Architecture
Urged architects to consider design for sturdiness, functional properties, and to provide visual delight.
Virgin and Child, Masaccio, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495
Background similar to Giotto -- > gold background
Two angels in foreground
Trinity with Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and Donors, Masaccio, Early Italian Renaissance, 1400 - 1495