Sociology 101

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Anonymous
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268370
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Sociology 101
Updated:
2014-04-02 20:13:22
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Deviance Sexuality Socialization Conformity
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Terminology, History
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  1. Genie
    13 year old child tied to a chair since 13 mos. old.

    Result: poor language, not potty trained, no motor function.

    When being institutionalized she developed relationships but then went to live with mom, didnt work out, so now is institutionalized as a an adult in California.
  2. Harlow & Harlow
    Raised baby monkeys in isolation.

    • Results: Isolated monkeys for 3 months were fine in life.
    • 6 or more months had issues like not playing well, no mating.

    If mating was forced, they were poor parents.
  3. Agents of Socialization
    The people who socialize is.
  4. Agents of socialization: Working class families
    Want outward conformity. They care about how they are presented, how well dressed and how neat their children look
  5. Agents of socialization: Upper class
    Stress creative thinking among children
  6. Agents of socialization: The difference?
    Prep for jobs.
  7. What to expect in poor neighborhoods
    Higher pregnancies, high crime rate, high drop out rate
  8. How many US citizens belong to a congregation?
    70% of the people in the US belong to a congregation.

    2/5 attend church each week.
  9. What does daycare teach children?
    Socialization, mannerisms.
  10. What does school teach children?
    Conformity, peer pressure, influence, quiet
  11. Category
    People who share the same characteristics (but are not groups)
  12. Primary group
    Groups that form individuals teaching ideals, morals, family and religion
  13. Secondary Group
    Large, anonymous, formal groups.

    Example: democratic party, YCCC staff.
  14. Group conformity
    Doing what everyone else is doing, often because of peer pressure.
  15. Asche's group conformity experiment:
    Even when we don't believe what the group is saying, we go along.

    The line drawing experiment.
  16. Ulitarian group
    A group that you join by choice.

    Example: Work
  17. Voluntary (Normative) group
    A group of volunteers/people with a mutual goal.

    People at the top are often paid.

    Ex: peace corps.
  18. Coercive group
    A group that you involuntarily join.

    Ex: Prison/ Army in some countries
  19. Bureaucracy
    Huge organization
  20. Bureaucracy: Hierarchy of office
    Clear cut levels, one boss of others, of others
  21. Bureaucracy: Division of labor
    Each worker has a specilization, making them more prepared to do other jobs.
  22. Bureaucracy: Written rules
    Rules, laws
  23. Bureaucracy: Written communications and records
    Forms that get passed from one person to the next.
  24. Bureaucracy: Technical competance
    Hiring for competence, not because of social ties
  25. Bureaucracy: nEPOTISM
    hIRING because people are family friends
  26. Problems concerning Bureaucracy:
    • Alienation
    • Ineffeciency
    • Bureaucratic inertia
  27. McDonaldization
    Mcdonalds follows organizational principals.
  28. Who came up with Mcdonaldization
    Maurice and Richard Mcdonalds in 1954 because they wanted fast service.
  29. 4 Mcdonalds Organizational principals
    • Effeceincy
    • Standardization
    • Uniformity
    • Control through Machinery
  30. Mcdonaldization: Efficiency
    How things are done quickly, through assembly lines, to produce cheap food very quickly.
  31. Mcdonaldization:Standardization
    Everything is as you'd expect it to be around the world.

    Sizes, flavor
  32. Mcdonaldization: Uniformity and Predictability
    All McD's are the same. Same uniforms, same recipes, decor
  33. Mcdonaldization: Control through machinery
    Idea that everything is done through machinery for consistency.
  34. Deviance

    + Examples of Deviant acts, both criminal and non
    Any violation of norms.

    Criminal: Kidnapping, murder

    Non: Not yeilding to an ambulance, drinking while pregnant
  35. How has deviant behavior changed over time?
    Smoking used to be okay everywhere.
  36. Crime:
    Form of deviance that's written into law.

    • Varies across cultures.
    • Ex: Islam gay is illegal.
  37. When did the sexual Revolution occur?
    In the 1970's.
  38. What sparked the sexual revolution?
    Women became more open to sexuality because birth control became available.
  39. Heterosexual
    Emotionally and sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex
  40. Homosexual
    Emotionally and sexually attracted to people of the same sex
  41. Bisexual
    Emotionally and sexually attracted to both sexes
  42. Asexual
    • Not interested in sex.
    • Auto stimulating
    • No masturbation
  43. Why is homosexuality hard to define?
    People lie, it's unacceptable in some cultures, and some people aren't out yet.
  44. What percentage of the population is homosexual?
    • 2.3% of men
    • 1.3% of women
  45. Public attitude toward homosexuality: who is most prejudice?
    Society is much more accepting of homosexuals now. Acceptance is just below 50%.

    Old people are most prejudice.
  46. Social Status
    The position someone occupies in society. Can be good or bad
  47. Ascribed Status
    Involuntary status, inherited. Male or female, ethnicity, age
  48. Achieved status.
    Earned Status. President, student, mother, teacher, criminal.
  49. Status set
    Combination of all of your statuses.

    Mine: daughter, student, female, worker, culinarian.
  50. Status symbol
    Ways to show off (declare) your status.
  51. Master Status
    Statuses that cut across all statuses.

    Example: Queen, president, handicapped,
  52. Status inconsistency.
    • Example: a 9 year old college student
    • a 9 year old mother.
  53. Roles:
    Each status has roles that they must uphold.
  54. Role conflict:
    • When two or more of the roles conflict.
    • Example: work and school collide.
  55. Social construction of reality
    The way we see things and the way we behave has to do with our prior experience. In a sense we invent it.

    We make stuff up and decide who to discriminate against.

    Ex: Dr. Seuss book
  56. Society's view's on extramarital (out of the marriage) sex
    • 77% believe it's wrong.
    • Some are impartial
    • But 2% believe it;s never wrong -- SWINGERS
  57. Society's views on premarital sex (sex before marriage)
    • 21% wrong (religion)
    • The rest not wrong at all.
  58. Sexual Orientation History
  59. Victimless Crime
    Willing exchange among adults of illegal goods and services.

    ex: prostitution and drugs
  60. White Collar Crime
    Non-violent crimes, such as income evasion, ta fraud, embezzlement
  61. Organized Crime
    A business organization that supplies illegal goods and services for profit
  62. Paradigm (Functionalist views) on deviance
    Structural Functionalist - Crime defines acceptable behavior. Crimes unite groups (gangs, police forces). And Crime promotes social change (rosa parks)

    Conflict perspective - Things are unfair. Bottom people get unfair treatment
  63. FBI Defined crimes:
    Person, Property and Victimless

    Person - Violent crimes, such as murder or rape

    Property - Burglery, vehicle theft, larson

    Victimless - Exchanging sex and goods
  64. Crime statistics (age, gender, race, ethnicity)
    15-24 year olds make up 14% of the pop, but do more crime than expected due to testosterone.

    Race - White males are most likely to commit crimes

    Crimes also differ based on culture and money

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