# Circulation Quiz 4

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1. Basic property of VEINS
balloon-like, have much lower pressure (than arteries)

they are main STORAGE of blood

blood distribution - 64% in veins
2. Basic property of CAPILLARIES
Tissue EXCHANGE
3. How is blood exchanged at capillaries?  (what controls movement in/out of capillary)
DIFFUSION.
4. What solutes can NOT diffuse via capillaries?
• RBC
• WBC
• Platelets
• Proteins

*Result is that blood mirrors solute environment (except for proteins)
5. Basic property of ARTERIES
PRESSURE. they are elastic
6. Basic property of ARTERIOLES
distribution
7. How to change blood vessel flow?
(equation)
Q= ΔP / R

• ΔP -- change of pressure
• R --- resistance
• Q-- flow (at a given time)
8. What direction does pressure go?  WHat does it depend on?
• ALWAYS from GREATER to a LOWER pressure!
•
• Depends on: 1. blood volume 2. size of vessel (structure & tone)

*originates from the heart, pressure drops along the way.
9. What changes resistance most?
the change in SIZE of the blood vessel (just a small adjustment to radius will increase flow)
10. IN TERMS OF SOLUTE CONCENTRATION
Arteries reflect what part of the body?
Veins reflect what?
• arteries reflect LUNGS
• arteries=away from the heart

• vein reflect TISSUES
• veins=towards the heart
11. Describe the two forces of pressure in
"Colloid Osmotic Pressure"
In vessel: the plasma contains many proteins (b/c they can't escape), thus makes plasma hypertonic.  THis attracts WATER and PULLS IN.  (H20 moves from HYPO TO HYPER regions).

The blood pressure pushes back, PUSHING OUT.

*this does not effect sugar or oxygen levels-- NO EFFECT ON COMPOSITION, just effects fluid distribution
12. So if BP is higher than COP, then fluid is....

If BP is same at COP....

If COP is higher than BP....
leaking out of vessel (edema)

equilibrium

fluid is oozing in
13. What does lymphatic capillaries do?
returns excess fluid to circulation
14. What are baroreceptors?
• sensors located in the blood vessels.  neurons that become that is excited by stretch of the blood vessel.
• Thus, increases in the pressure of blood vessel triggers increased action
• potentials and provides information to the central nervous system. This sensory information is used primarily in autonomic reflexes that in turn influence the heart cardiac output and vascular smooth muscle to influence total peripheral resistance
15. Hypotension will cause increase in _________ stimulation

Hypertension will cause decrease in _________ stimulation
low BP = increased sympathetic system!

high BP = decreased sympathetic system!
16. kidney's act as a drain, they magically turn blood into urine!

High BP = more _____  than _____
Low BP= less _____
• High BP = More PLASMA THAN URINE
• Low BP= less urine
17. Low BP= Less urine..... then what gets released?
RENIN

• Renin is an angiotensin, which causes vasoconstriction (subsequently increases blood pressure b/c constricted vessels increases resistence of blood flow).
• Renin also causes kidneys to retain salt & water (directly via aldosterone)
18. OVERVIEW
ΔPressure is controlled by:
• barorecptors
• capillary exchange
• kidneys
19. OVERVIEW
Resistance is controlled by:
• the tissues according to need, nerve override
• ie vasoconstriction (esp arterioles)
20. OVERVIEW
What is the formula for determining blood flow?
21. Q= Δ P_
R
 Author: surprise ID: 268409 Card Set: Circulation Quiz 4 Updated: 2014-04-02 02:00:41 Tags: circulation bhcc Folders: A&P II Description: circulation quiz Show Answers: