Capitulum Prīmum Imperium Rōmānum

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Capitulum Prīmum Imperium Rōmānum
2014-03-31 20:39:08
Latin Lingua Latina Hans Orberg
Vocabulary for Lingua Latina Familia Romana chapter 1: Imperium Romanum
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  1. fluvius, fluviī


    (m., 2nd -IUS declension)
    a river

    running water, stream
  2. īnsula, īnsulae

    1 SAL-

    noun (f., 1st declension)
    an island, isle

    a part of Rome encircled by the Tiber

    a part of Syracuse cut off by an arm [sea]

    an enclosed court, tenement for poor families
  3. oppidum, oppidī

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    • a town, city, collection of dwellings
    • a provincial town
    • the inhabitants of a town
  4. Ōceanus, Ōceanī


    noun (m., 2nd declension)
    the great sea, outer sea, ocean

    [personified] son of Caelum and Terra, husband of Tethys, father of the rivers and nymphs
  5. imperium, imperiī
    (inperium, inperiī)

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    • a command, order, direction, injunction
    • command, authority, control, power, ascendency, sway
    • supreme power, sovereignty, sway, dominion, empire, supremacy, authority
    • a public office, magistracy
    • command-in-chief, supreme command, military authority
    • a dominion, realm, empire
  6. prōvincia, prōvinciae

    noun (f., 1st declension)
    • an office, duty, pursuit, charge, business, province
    • a public office, appointment, charge, commission, administration, employment, command
    • [especially] the government of a territory outside of Italy by one who had served as magistrate in Rome, provincial government, territorial administration, command in the name of the Roman people
    • a territory governed by a magistrate from Rome, province
  7. numerus, numerī

    noun (m., 2nd declension)
    • a number
    • a considerable number, quantity, body, collection, class
    • a mere number, cipher, nobody
    • [plural] dice
    • [plural] the mathematics, astronomy
    • [figuratively] number, rank, place, position, estimation, relation, class, category
  8. littera, litterae
    (lītera, līterae)

    Mostly Plural

    noun (f., 1st declension)
    • a letter, alphabetical sign, written sign of a sound
    • a handwriting
    • a writing, document, record
    • [plur.] a letter, epistle
    • [plural] written monuments, literature, books, literary works
    • [figuratively] learning, the sciences, liberal education, scholarship, letters
  9. vocābulum, vocābulī

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    an appellation, designation, name
  10. capitulum, capitulī

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    • a little head, darling, pet
    • a chapter
  11. syllaba, syllabae
    (sulaba, sulabae)


    noun (f., 1st declension)
    a syllable
  12. exemplum, exemplī

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    • a sample, specimen
    • an imitation, image, portrait, draught, transcript, copy
    • a pattern, model, original, example, precedent, incident, case
    • a warning example, warning, lesson, penalty
    • a way, manner, kind, nature
    • a tenor, purport, contents
  13. pēnsum, pēnsī

    P. n. of pendo

    noun (n., 2nd declension)
    • to suspend, weigh, weigh out
    • to weigh out in payment, pay, pay out
    • [figuratively] to pay, suffer, undergo
    • to weigh, ponder, consider, deliberate upon, decide
    • to value, esteem, regard
    • [intransitively] to weigh, be heavy
  14. māgnus, māgna, māgnum

    adjective (2-1-2)
    great, large, big
  15. parvus, parva, parvum

    adjective (2-1-2)
    • [of magnitude] little, small, petty, puny, inconsiderable
    • [of stature] small, short, little, young
    • [of time] short, brief
    • [of extent or importance] little, insignificant, trifling, small, petty, unimportant
    • [of value or price] little, small, low, mean, vile
    • [as subst n.] a little, trifle
  16. Graecus, Graeca, Graecum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • of the Greeks, Greek, Grecian
    • [as subst n., sing.] the Greek language
    • [plural] Greek writings
  17. Rōmānus, Rōmāna, Rōmānum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • of Rome, Roman
    • [as subst m.] the Roman (sc. imperator)
    • [sing collect.] the Romans
    • [as subst f.] a Roman woman
  18. Latīnus, Latīna, Latīnum

    adjective (2-1-2)
    of Latium, Latin
  19. multus, multa, multum

    adjective (2-1-2)
    • many, a great number of
    • [as subst m.] many men, many
    • the multitude, mass, common people, vulgar
    • [as subst n. (only nom. and acc.)] many things, much
    • [distributive] many a
    • [of quantity] much, abundant, large, considerable, extensive
  20. paucus, pauca, paucum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • few, little
    • [plur m. as subst] few, a few
    • the few, select few
    • [especially in phrases with in or inter] especially, eminently, extraordinarily
    • [plur n. as subst] a few things, little, a few words
  21. ūnus, ūna, ūnum
    (oenus, oena, oenum)


    adjective (UNUS NAUTA)
    one, single
  22. duo, duae, duo


    adjective (irregular numeral)
    • two
    • the two, both
  23. trēs, trēs, tria


    adjective (irregular numeral)
  24. sex


    adjective (indeclinable)
  25. mīlle


    adjective (irregular numeral)
    • a thousand, ten hundred
    • [in the phrase, mille passuum] a thousand paces (a Roman mile, about 1618 English yards)
    • [as subst n.] a mile
    • innumerable, infinite
  26. prīmus, prīma, prīmum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • the first, first
    • [in time or place] first, fore, foremost
    • [with quisque] the first possible, the very first
    • [as subst n., sing. and plur] the first part, beginning
    • [figuratively of rank or merit] first, chief, principal, excellent, eminent, distinguished, noble
    • [plur f. as subst. (only acc; sc. parti_s)] the first rank, lead, highest place
  27. secundus, secunda, secundum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • [in time or order] following, next, second
    • [in rank] following, next, second
    • secondary, subordinate, inferior
    • [plur f. as subst. partes] the second part, inferior part
    • [of currents or winds] favorable, fair, downward
    • favorable, propitious, fortunate
  28. tertius, tertia, tertium


    adjective (2-1-2)
    the third.
  29. est -3rd person singular present active indicative

    sum, esse, fuī, - (futūrus)
    -, fore, -, -
    ES--- FEV-

    verb (sum conjugation)
    he, she, it is
  30. sunt - 3rd person plural present active indicative

    sum, esse, fuī, - (futūrus)
    -, fore, -, -
    ES--- FEV-

    verb (sum conjugation)
    they are
  31. in

    old indu

    preposition (accusative)
  32. in

    old indu

    preposition (ablative)
    in, on
  33. et

    • and
    • [after a negative] but
    • [repeated] both.. and, as well.. as, on the one hand.. on the other, not only.. but also
  34. sed

    of sui-- cf. 2 se

  35. nōn

    for old noenum, ne, oenum (unum)

    • not, by no means, not at all
    • [reversing a quality or thought] by no means, not at all, the reverse of, far from
    • [with quod or quo] not that, not as if
    • [with nisi] only
    • [with vero] truly not
    • [with modo or solum, followed by sed or verum] not only.. but also
  36. quoque

    also, too.
  37. -ne
    weaker form of 1 nē

    [interrogative] eh?, no?
  38. ubi
    old cubi for quo-bi, locat. from 1 qui

    • in which place, in what place, where
    • where?
    • [of time] when, whenever, as soon as, as
    • [in place of a pron relat.] in which, by which, with which, wherewith, with whom, by whom
  39. num
    1 NV-

    • Introducing a direct question; usually expecting a negative answer; often only rendered by the interrogative form of the sentence]
    • [In an indirect question] whether
  40. quis, quid
    2 CA-

    pronoun (interrogative)
    • who? which one? what man?
    • what? what thing?
  41. grammaticus, grammatica, grammaticum


    adjective (2-1-2)
    • of grammar, grammatical
    • [as subst m.] a grammarian, philologist
  42. singulāris, singulāre


    adjective (3rd 2-termination)
    • one by one, one at a time, alone, single, solitary, singular
    • [plur. m. as subst.] under the empire, the select horse, body-guard
    • singular, unique, matchless, unparalleled, extraordinary, remarkable
  43. plūrālis, plūrāle


    adjective (3rd 2-termination)
    • belonging or relating to more than one, relating to many
    • Plural, consisting of more than one
    • plural