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2010-07-15 19:16:32
Greek nouns

Third Declension
Show Answers:

  1. 4 Hints for 3rd declension nouns:
    • 1. Memorize the genitive singular form along with the lexical form.. if you drop the genitive singular case ending, you will normally have the word's stem.
    • 2. whatever happens in the nominative singular (sigma) also happens in the dative plural. This is because the dative plural case ending (sigma iota) also begins with a sigma.
    • 3. a nu drops out when followed by a sigma.
    • 4. a tau drops out when followed by a sigma or if it is at the end of a word.
  2. Does the article change its form based on the declension of the word it modifies?
    no- the article always has the same form.
  3. What are the tree categories in the square of stops?
    • Labial
    • Velar
    • Dental
  4. What letters are considered labial?
    pi, beta, and phi
  5. What letters are considered velar?
    kappa, gamma, and chi
  6. What letters are considered Dental?
    tau, delta, and theta.
  7. What letter to the "stops" + sigma turn into?
    • Labial = psi
    • Velar = xsi
    • Dental = sigma
  8. The article in the Greek is more than just the word "the". It is a "weak demonstrative". What does that mean?
    It can perform as a demonstrative ("that"), a relative ("who"), or even someties a personal pronoun ("he", "one"), depending on the needs of the context.
  9. What does an article before a prepositional phrase mean?
    It is probably signalling that the prepositional phrase is an attributive construction.
  10. What are the four categories of adjectives?
    • A. 2-1-2 This refers to the declension it is found in. Masculine is 2nd decl; Feminine is 1st decl; and Neuter is 2nd decl.
    • B. 3-1-3
    • C. 2-2 it appears in 2nd declension in all 3 genders
    • D. 3-3