Card Set Information
What is an Ecosystem?
A living community together with its physical surroundings
What is a Community?
More than 1 population living in the same habitat
What is a Population?
One species living in a habitat
What is an Organism?
A living thing
What is the Environment?
All the conditions an organism lives with.
What are Abiotic factors?
Non living factors- sunlight, weather, wind, water, temperature, soil
What are biotic factors?
Living factors - predators, prey, competition, food supply, disease
What are adaptations?
Special features of a plant or animal survive and reproduce in its environment. Includes- structural, physiological, behavioral, life history
What are structural adaptations?
Physical features that help a living organism survive
What are physiological adaptations?
Functional processes in the plant or animal. Stuff they make inside
What are behavioral adaptations?
How it behaves or acts. What it does
What are life history adaptations?
Different stages in its life
What is a habitat?
The place or address of a community or species
What is a niche?
The job or role an animal has in a community. How it fits into the food chain or web
What is a producer?
Plants are producers because they make their own food
What are herbivores?
Herbivores are animals that only eat plants
What are Omnivores?
Omnivores are animals that ear plants and other animals
What are carnivores?
Carnivores are animals that only eat meat/other animals
What are decomposers?
Decomposers are fungi and animals that break down dead and decaying plant and animals
What are scavengers?
Animals that are carnivores that do not hunt their own prey
What are predators?
Predators are animals that hunt their food- prey
What are prey?
Prey are the animals hunted by predators
What are parasites?
Parasites are animals that live on or in other animals and feed off of them
What are saprophytes?
An organism that feeds on dead and decaying material. Usually a fungi or bacteria.
What is a food chain?
The sequence of organisms in an Ecosystem. Shows the flow of energy
What is a food web?
How the food chains are interrelated