Cardiac Chamber Dimensions
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when measuring the LA in mmode where is your cursor placement
inner to inner

when measuring the ao root where is your cursor placement
leading to leading

when measuring the IVS where is your cursor placement
outer to outer

when measuring the LVIDd where is your cursor placement
Inner to inner (ivs endocardium to the endocardium of the inferiolateral)

what is the equation for SV
SV_{cc}=.785xD^{2}xVTI_{LVOT}

What is the equation for MVA
MVA(cm^{2})=(.785 x D^{2}_{LVOT}) x VTI_{LVOT }/ VTI_{MV}

What is the equation for MVA using PHT
MVA=220/PHT

What is the equation for MVA using DT
MVA=759/DT

What is normal SV
5090cc

What is the equation for SV
SV=(LVOT diam)^{2} x .785 x VTI_{LVOT}

What is the normal dia. of LVOT
Normal=1.82.4 cm

What is the mean dia. of VOT for men
Mean Male 2.1cm

What is the mean dia. of the LVOT for women
Mean women 1.9cm

What is the normal VTI of the LVOT
1822cm

What is the equation for CO
 CO=SVxHR
 CO= (SV=(Dia_{LVOT})^{2}x.785xVTI_{LVOT})xHR

What is the normal CO
4.07.0 L/min

What is the equation for CI
CI=CO/BSA

What is normal CI
2.54.5 L/min/m^{2}

What is the equation for the CSA of the LVOT
CSA_{LVOT}=(valve annulus(cm))^{2}x.785

What is the normal LV volume @ ED
126 =/ 29ml

What is normal LV volume @ ES
49 +/19ml

What is the equation for IMP
IMP=(MVC to MVO) ET_{LVOT}/ET_{LVOT}

What is the equation of RVSP
(RVSP= Right ventrical Systolic Pressure)
RVSP=gradient + RA pressure

What is the equation for PAEDP
(PAEDP=Pulmonary Artery End Diastolic Pressure)PAEDP=
PAEDP=gradient+ Ra pressure

What is the equation to calculate the gradient
gradient=4(v)^{2}(mmHg)

What is the normal RVSP
RVSP=1825mmHg

What is the range for mild PHTN
3040mmHg

What is the range for moderate PHTN
4070mmHg

What is the range for severe PHTN
>70mmHg

What is the equation for PAEDP
PAEDP=4(PR_{edv}vel)^{2}xRAP

Where do you calculate RAP
at the IVC w/inspiration collapse

What is the RAP w/ > 50% collapse of the IVC
5mmHG

What is the RAP w/< 50% collapse
10mmHg

What is the RAP w/ a dilated IVC w/ decreased collapse
15mmHg

What is the RAP w/ dilated IVC w/ no collapse
20mmHg

What is the normal E/E^{' }ratio
E/E^{'}<8

What E/E^{'} signifies increased filling pressure
E/E^{'}>15

What is the normal E^{'} velocity
E^{'} velocity >.08m/sec

What E^{' }signifies LV dysfunction
E^{'}<.08m/sec

What is the normal LA volume
Normal=1828cc/m^{2}

What is the range for mild increased LA volume
Mild=2933cc/m^{2}

What is the range for moderate increased LA volume
moderate=3439cc/m^{2}

What is the range of severely increased LA volume
Severe>40cc/m^{2}

What is the equation for LA volume
LA=0.85 x A_{1 }x A_{2 }/LA Length (use shortest length)

When should you measure the LA and length
At end systole, just prior to the MV opening

What is the mean and range EF slope
 Mean=80mm/sec
 Range= 70150mm/sec

What is mean and range for EPSS

What is mean and range for AO diameter
 Mean=2.7cm
 Range=2.03.7cm

What is the mean and range of the Ao Root index
 Mean=1.5cm/m2
 Range=1.22.2cm/m^{2}

What is range for the LA diameter of women
2.73.8cm

What is the range of the LA diameter for men
3.04.0cm

What is the mean LA diameter
1.6cm/m^{2}

What is the mean range for the LA diameter
1.22.2 cm/m^{2}

What is the range of the LVIDd for women
3.95.3 cm

What is the range for the LVIDd for men
4.25.9 cm

What is the range for men/women of the LVIDs
2.03.8cm

What is the indexed range for the LVIDd
1.93.2cm/m^{2}

What is the range of the IVS in women
0.60.9cm

What is the range of the IVS in men
0.61.0cm

What is the mean and range of the Ao annulus
 Mean=1.9 +/0.2cm
 Range=1.42.6cm

what is the mean and range of the Sinus of Valsalva
 Mean=2.8+/0.3cm
 Range=2.13.5cm

What is the mean and range of the sinotubular junction
 Mean=2.4+/0.4cm
 Range=1.73.4cm

What is the mean and range of the Asc. Ao
 Mean=2.6+/0.3cm
 Range=2.13.4cm

What is the diameter of the Proximal IVC
<1.7cm

What is the distal mean and range of the IVC
 Mean=1.6+/0.3cm
 Range=1.12.5cm

What is the mean and range of the AO Arch
 Mean=2.7+/0.3cm
 Range=2.03.6cm

What is the mean and range of the R Pulmonary Artery in suprasternal view
 Mean=1.8+/0.3cm
 Range 1.42.7

What is the mean pressure in the RA
28 mmHg

What is the peak systolic pressure in the RV
1530mmHg

What is the RVEDP
28mmHg

What is the mean systolic RV pressure
020mmHg

What is the mean RVEDP
04mmHg

What is the peak systolic LV pressure
100140mmHg

What is the peak LVEDP
312mmHg

What is the mean systolic LV pressure
80130mmHg

What is the mean LVEDP
110mmHg

What is the peak systolic Pulmonary pressure
1530mmHg

What is the peak end diastolic pressure
412mmHg

What is the mean pulmonary artery pressure
918mmHg

What is the mean systolic pulmonary pressure
1020mmHg