Bio Ch18a

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Author:
eddardofwinter
ID:
268822
Filename:
Bio Ch18a
Updated:
2014-04-01 17:34:56
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Bio
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school
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mc
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  1. Blood does not
    A. help to regulate body temperature.
    B. participate in the initiation of blood clotting.
    C. produce plasma hormones
    D. help to stabilize the pH of extracellular fluids.
    E. transport a variety of nutrients.
    C. produce plasma hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The buffy coat does not contain
    A. lymphocytes.
    B. agranulocytes.
    C. granulocytes.
    D. platelets.
    E. erythrocytes.
    E. erythrocytes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The hematocrit is ____________ of the total blood volume.
    A. less than 1%
    B. 42% to 45%
    C. 47% to 63%
    D. 37% to 52%
    E. 25% to 37%
    D. 37% to 52%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. _____________ is not found in plasma.
    A. Glucose
    B. Glycogen
    C. Albumin
    D. Urea
    E. Fibrinogen
    B. Glycogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. ___________ is a protein not commonly found in plasma.
    A. Fibrinogen
    B. Transferrin
    C. Prothrombin
    D. Albumin
    E. Hemoglobin
    E. Hemoglobin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. _____________ is the most abundant protein in plasma.
    A. Insulin
    B. Creatine
    C. Bilirubin
    D. Albumin
    E. Creatinine
    D. Albumin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. _____________ would not decrease colloid osmotic pressure (COP) in blood.
    A. A diet predominantly based on red meat
    B. Severe liver failure
    C. Hypoproteinemia
    D. Starvation
    E. An extremely low-protein diet
    A. A diet predominantly based on red meat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Serum is essentially identical to plasma except for the absence of __________.
    A. fibrinogen
    B. albumin
    C. glucose
    D. nitrogenous wastes
    E. platelets
    A. fibrinogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Tissues can become edematous (swollen) when
    A. hematocrit is high.
    B. there is a dietary protein deficiency.
    C. colloid osmotic pressure (COP) is high.
    D. there is hyperproteinemia.
    E. the concentration of sodium and proteins in blood is high.
    B. there is a dietary protein deficiency.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Myeloid hemopoiesis in adults happens in the
    A. thymus.
    B. liver.
    C. spleen.
    D. yellow bone marrow.
    E. red bone marrow.
    E. red bone marrow.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The viscosity of blood is due more to _____________ than to any other factor.
    A. sodium
    B. erythrocytes
    C. fibrin
    D. albumin
    E. nitrogenous wastes
    B. erythrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Erythrocytes transport oxygen and
    A. transport nutrients.
    B. defend the body against pathogens.
    C. initiate blood clotting.
    D. regulate erythropoiesis.
    E. transport some carbon dioxide.
    E. transport some carbon dioxide.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Most oxygen is transported bound to
    A. beta chains in hemoglobin.
    B. delta chains in hemoglobin.
    C. the plasma membrane of erythrocytes.
    D. heme groups in hemoglobin.
    E. alpha chains in hemoglobin.
    D. heme groups in hemoglobin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. If all the molecules of hemoglobin contained in RBCs were free in the plasma,
    A. it would drastically increase osmotic colloid pressure.
    B. it would facilitate delivery of oxygen into tissues supplied by small capillaries.
    C. it would facilitate oxygen diffusion into cells distant from blood capillaries.
    D. it would considerably increase blood oxygen carrying capacity.
    E. it would significantly increase blood osmolarity.
    E. it would significantly increase blood osmolarity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. An increased erythropoietin (EPO) output by the kidneys would lead to all of the following except
    A. increased hematocrit.
    B. increased blood viscosity.
    C. increased RBC production.
    D. increased hypoxemia.
    E. increased blood osmolarity.
    D. increased hypoxemia.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Many RBCs die in the
    A. stomach and liver.
    B. red bone marrow.
    C. lymph nodes and thymus.
    D. stomach and small intestine.
    E. spleen and liver.
    E. spleen and liver.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All these can lead to polycythemia except
    A. iron deficiency.
    B. cancer of the erythropoietic line of the red bone marrow.
    C. emphysema.
    D. dehydration.
    E. excessive aerobic exercise.
    A. iron deficiency.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ______________ is more likely to cause anemia than any of the other factors below.
    A. Smoking
    B. Air pollution other than by carbon monoxide
    C. Renal disease
    D. Any factor that creates a state of hypoxemia
    E. High altitude
    C. Renal disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Anemia has these potential consequences except
    A. the individual is lethargic.
    B. blood resistance to flow is reduced.
    C. blood viscosity is increased.
    D. more fluid transfers from the bloodstream to the intercellular spaces.
    E. blood osmolarity is reduced.
    C. blood viscosity is increased.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What is the final product of the breakdown of the organic nonprotein moiety of hemoglobin?
    A. bilirubin
    B. iron
    C. globin
    D. heme
    E. biliverdin
    A. bilirubin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Correction of hypoxemia is regulated by
    A. a positive feedback loop
    B. an enzymatic amplification
    C. a cascade effect.
    D. a self-amplifying mechanism.
    E. a negative feedback loop.
    E. a negative feedback loop.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A deficiency of _____________ can cause pernicious anemia.
    A. folic acid
    B. vitamin B12
    C. vitamin C
    D. EPO secretion
    E. iron
    B. vitamin B12
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Sickle-cell disease is not
    A. advantageous to protect carriers against malaria.
    B. a cause of malaria.
    C. a hereditary hemoglobin defect.
    D. a cause of anemia.
    E. caused by a recessive allele that modifies the structure of hemoglobin.
    B. a cause of malaria.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The ABO blood group is determined by _____________ in the plasma membrane of RBCs.
    A. glycoproteins
    B. agglutinins
    C. glycolipids
    D. antigen-antibody complexes
    E. antibodies
    C. glycolipids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Type A blood can safely donate RBCs to _____________ and can receive RBCs of type___________.
    A. AB; O
    B. B; A
    C. O; AB
    D. A; B
    E. O; O
    A. AB; O
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Type AB blood has ____________ RBC antigen(s).
    A. no
    B. A and B
    C. anti-A and anti-B
    D. anti-A
    E. anti-B
    B. A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. RhoGAM is an antibody given to Rh- women who give birth to Rh+ children. RhoGAM is what type of plasma protein?
    A. albumin
    B. fibrinogen
    C. gamma (γ)globulin
    D. beta (β)globulin
    E. alpha (α)globulin
    C. gamma (γ)globulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The universal donor of RBCs, but not necessarily plasma, is
    A. O, Rh-negative.
    B. ABO, Rh-negative.
    C. O, Rh-positive.
    D. AB, Rh-negative.
    E. AB, Rh-positive.
    A. O, Rh-negative.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. An individual has type B, Rh-positive blood. The individual has _____ antigen(s) and can produce anti-_____ antibody(ies).
    A. A and D; B
    B. D; A and B
    C. A; B and D
    D. B; A and D
    E. B and D; A
    E. B and D; A
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The main reason why an individual AB, Rh-negative cannot donate blood to an individual A, Rh-positive is because
    A. anti-D antibodies in the donor will agglutinate RBC of the recipient.
    B. anti-A antibodies in the recipient will agglutinate RBCs of the donor.
    C. anti-B antibodies in the donor will agglutinate RBCs of the recipient.
    D. anti-A antibodies in the donor will agglutinate RBCs of the recipient.
    E. anti-B antibodies in the recipient will agglutinate RBCs of the donor.
    E. anti-B antibodies in the recipient will agglutinate RBCs of the donor.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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