Chapter 35 Quiz

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  1. Korematsu v. US
    • 1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans
    • It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor
  2. War Production Board
    During WWII, FDR established it to allocated scarce materials, limited or stopped the production of civilian goods, and distributed contracts among competing manufacturers
  3. War Labor Board
    (WLB) settled disputes between business and labor without strikes so that production would not be interrupted and morale would be high
  4. Four Freedoms
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt in the State of the Union Address 
    • delivered to the 77th United States Congress on January 6, 1941
    • Roosevelt proposed four points as fundamental freedoms humans "everywhere in the world" ought to enjoy
    • speech and expression
    • religion
    • want
    • fear
    • want and fear were new ideas which excited americans by going beyond the constituional values
  5. Rosie the Riveter
    symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
  6. Fair Employment Practice Commission
    • FDR in 1941 
    • enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work
    • guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories
  7. Zoot Suit Riot
    • series of riots that erupted in Los Angeles, California during World War II
    • between sailors and soldiers stationed in the city
  8. Navaho Code Talkers
    translated U.S. code into the Native American language so that enemy forces could not decipher the content
  9. Coral Sea
    • naval battle between Japan and the US
    • halted the Japanese movement towards Australia
    • resulted in heavy losses for the US
  10. Midway
    • naval battle of June 1942
    • U.S. Admiral Chester Nimitz blocked the Japanese attempt to conquer a strategic island near Hawaii
  11. Leapfrogging
    Allied strategy in the Pacific to focus on less heavily defended islands
  12. El Alamein
    • town in Egypt
    • site of the victory by Britain over German forces
  13. Casablanca Conference
    • 1943 meeting between
    • FDR and Churchill
    • step up the Pacific war
    • invade Sicily
    • insist on unconditional surrender
  14. Teheran Conference
    • war time conference held at Tehran, Iran 
    • attended by FDR, Churchill, and Stalin
    • first meeting of the "Big Three" 
    • agreed on an opening of a second front (Overlord) and that the Soviet Union should enter the war against Japan after the end of the war in Europe
  15. D-Day
    • June 6, 1944 l
    • led by Eisenhower 
    • over a million troops stormed the beaches at Normandy
    • began the process of re-taking France
    • turning point of World War II
  16. Liberation of Paris
    • August 24, 1944
    • US freeing France from German occupation
  17. Battle of the Bulge
    • December, 1944-January, 1945
    • Allied advance became stalled along the German border
    • 1944 Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines
    • Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
  18. Concentration Camps
    a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined
  19. VE-Day
    • May 8, 1945
    • victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
    • WWII ended
  20. Leyte Gulf
    Japanese lost their sea power and defense of the Philippines
  21. Iwo Jima
    fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan
  22. Potsdam Conference
    • Truman, Attlee, and Stalin
    • agreed on: 
    • the establishment of the Oder-Neisse line as the border of areas administrated by government of Poland
    • expulsion of the German populations remaining beyond the borders of Germany
    • war reparations
    • reversion of all German annexations in Europe after 1937
    • statement of aims and means of the occupation of Germany
    • the prosecution of Nazi war criminals
    • Allies issued the Potsdam Declaration which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan
  23. Manhattan Project
    • secret research and development project of the U.S to develop the atomic bomb
    • its success granted the U.S the bombs that ended the war with Japan as well as ushering the country into the atomic era
  24. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    • Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 with the nuclear weapon "Little Boy"
    • "Fat Man" bomb over Nagasaki during World War II against the Empire of Japan, part of the opposing Axis Powers alliance
  25. VJ Day
    • the day allies claimed victory in japan
    • came as a result of the atomic bombs dropped over hiroshima & nagasaki early that month
    • this was not a formal surrender, that occurred septemer 2, 1945
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Chapter 35 Quiz
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