unit 6 test

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chrisrj1272
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268875
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unit 6 test
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2014-04-02 04:55:52
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aemt test6
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study questions aemt test 6
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  1. inflimation of the skin and blood vessels with formation of scar tissue the skin and other organs become fibrotic from scar tissue. patients have flare-ups and periods of remission
    scleroderma
  2. fatigue , fever, joint pain, rash disease can affect kidneys, heart, and lungs.
    Symstemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  3. symptoms: may present similar to infectious respiratory diseases, including fever, chills, night sweat, fatigue, and chronic cough.

    Route: respiratory

    can be treated with antibodies.
    Tuberculosis(TB)
  4. signs/symptoms: sudden onset of high fever, difficulty breathing, pleuritic chest pain(sharp pain worse with inspiration), and cough

    can cause crackles and wheezing from the fluid produced (purulent material) and inflammation of lung tissue
    Pneumonia
  5. Treatment for Pneumonia
    assess airway, work and quality of breathing, and oxygenation, provide oxygen consider need for IV because symptoms could lead to dehydration
  6. signs/symptoms: sudden fever, sore throat, muscle aches, headaches, cough, weakness, and fatigue

    airborne virus

    Treatment?
    Influenza

    monitor vitals transport, IV for dehydration if necessary
  7. inflimation of pharynx, (sore throat) commonly caused by by viruses or bacteria
    pharyngitis
  8. causes coughing fits up to 10 or more weeks pt gasps for coughing  with the characteristics of "whooping" sound.

    common in infants and school age children
    Pertussis
  9. bacterial infection that causes inflammation of epiglottis primary cause is haemophilus influinzae type B (HIB)

    symptoms?

    treatment?
    epiglottitis

    signs/symptoms: fever, difficulty breathing swallowing, and drooling pt may be in tripod position possible stridor

    treatment humidified oxygen, ALS backup/rapid transport (for Cricothyrotomy)
  10. viral illness that causes upper airway inflammation including vocal cords and subglottic area

    begins with upper airway respiratory symptoms, sore throat, runny nose, and low grade fever.

    day 2 stridor, hoarseness, and "seal bark" cough, generally worse at night.

    sever cases can cause respiratory distress
    Croup
  11. large mucus buildup in children
    Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
  12. bacterial infection transmitted by black legged- ticks red, circular, "bulls eye rash begins at bite site.
    symptoms: fatigue, fever, chills, headache, muscles and joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes. can lead to bells paulsey
    lyme disease
  13. with in 5 o 10 days of being bitten pt will present symptoms of infectious illness, fever nausa vomiting, muscle aches, anorexia, headache.

    contracted from tic
    rocky mountain spotted fever
  14. treatment for rabies bite
    • clean wound.
    • will have large number of neurological signs and symptoms
  15. external parasites. caused by mite that burrows under the skin layer and lays eggs. causes rash and intense itching

    contracted through contact
    Scabies
  16. tiny insect that that infest the body using hair shaft to depsit eggs.
    lice Pediculosus
  17. fungus results in itching, circular lesions on the skin. common in warm humid inviroment
    ring worm
  18. a bacterial infection that is transmitted sexually and through blood
    syphilis
  19. stomach, vessels and bronchial muscles
    smooth
  20. skeletal muscle
    voluntary
  21. hold bone to bone
    ligaments
  22. muscle to bone
    tendon
  23. oxygen binding vessels in muscle
    myoglobin
  24. • Infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues
    • Results in: redness, warmth, swelling, and pain. 
    • Increased risk among: elderly, diabetics, recent tattoo’s.
    cellulitis
  25. inflammation of bone
    osteoarthritis
  26. degrading of spongy bone
    osteoporosis
  27. spinal deformity side to side
    scoliosis
  28. spinal deformity front to back
    kyphosis
  29. • Breakdown of skeletal muscle resulting in release of myoglobin and other muscle contents into bloodstream. 
    • Result of traumatic injuries: crush injuries, electrocution, and severe burns
    Rhabdomyolysis
  30. pinching of siatic nerve (nerve that feeds legs) "nom nom nom"
    Sciatica
  31. crushing of nerve between vertebra common in cervical and lumbar vertabra
    Herniated Disc
  32. inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye, resulting in pink or red blood shot appearence
    conjuctivitis
  33. a sty, a hordeolum occurs when the duct of glands along the margin of the eye lid become infected( usually with staphylococcus) causing swelling and other signs of inflammation
    Hordeolum
  34. increase in intraocular pressure that can damage optic nerve, may present with eye pain and blindness starts with peripheral vision 
    Glaucoma
  35. inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal.
    Otitis externa
  36. inflammation or infection of the meddle ear
    Otitis Media
  37. inflammation of the inner ear that can occur from viral infections, bacterial infections, or other inflammatory process.

    signs/ symptoms nausea, vomiting, hearing loss
    Labyrinthitis
  38. medication that can cause hearing loss
    ototoxic
  39. nose bleed
    Epistaxis
  40.  Claustrophobia
    fear of closed spaces
  41. Agoraphobia
     fear of open spaces/public
  42.  Arachnophobia
    fear of spiders
  43. factitious disorder
    intentional infliction of either physical or psychological sign and syptoms, to one self in order to assume the sick role
    Munchausen Syndrome
  44. factitious disorder
    infliction of physical or psychological signs and symptoms to others in order to be the care giver
    Munchausen syndrome by proxy
  45. somatoform disorder
    pt has unusual awareness of normal body sensations.

    physical symptoms with out apparent cause
    hypochondriasis
  46. Kleptomania
    impulse control disorder for stealing
  47. activated charcoal dosage?

    effective time period?
    • 1g/1kg
    • most effective within 1 hour
  48. symptoms for carbon monoxide poisening
    headache, dizziness, nausea, breathless, collapse, diziness
  49. poisen that stops cells from producing energy, can be inhaled or ingested, can kill within seconds or minutes

    symptoms of minor exposure: Weakness, headache, dizziness, confusion, seizures, shortness of breath, pulmonary edema, and coma
    cyanide poising
  50. effects of organophosphates
    s-l-u-d-g-e-m
    • salivation
    • lacrimation (tearing)
    • Urinations
    • Defecation
    • Gastric disorder
    • Emesis
  51. ataxic
    poor cordination
  52. nystagmus
    altered mental statues
  53.  Signs/Symptoms: abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting, tinnitus (ringing in ears), headache, pulmonary edema
    • OTC medication over dose
    • • Tylenol (Acetaminophen)
    • • ASA (salicylate)
    • • NSAID’s (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatories) 
  54. • Most common overdose among small children
    • Accounts for high iron toxicity leading to liver failure and death
    multi-vitamin over dose
  55. stimulants
    • • Cocaine
    • • Meth
    • • Adderall

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