Unit 4: Movement Review

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lawrencem
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268935
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Unit 4: Movement Review
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2014-04-02 11:07:01
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HBS PLTW lawrencem movement test review human body systems project lead way
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Flashcards to help review for the Unit 4: Movement test in Project Lead the Way Human Body Systems
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  1. immovable joint in the skull and pelvic girdle
    Fibrous joint
  2. slightly moveable joint containing cartilage between the pubis bones
    cartilagenous joint
  3. moveable joint containing fluid
    synovial joint
  4. type of synovial joint that can move in any direction, hip and shoulder joints
    ball and socket
  5. synovial joint of the thumb
    saddle
  6. synovial joint of the knuckles
    condyloid/ellipsoidal
  7. synovial joint that can move only along one plane in the elbow and knee
    hinge
  8. synovial joint that produces a rotating/twisting movement at the radioulnar joint
    pivot
  9. synovial joint of the wrist
    gliding/plane
  10. made of dense connective tissue and connects bone to bone
    ligament
  11. made of dense connective tissue and connects bone to muscle
    tendon
  12. a connective tissue used for cushioning, protection between bones of cartilagenous and synovial joints
    cartilage
  13. tool that measures range of motion of a joint
    goniometer
  14. tool that measures grip strength
    dynamometer
  15. tool that measures blood pressure
    sphygmomonometer
  16. tool that can listen for heart rate
    stethoscope
  17. movement away from the midline of the body
    abduction
  18. bending the foot in the direction of the sole (pointing your toes)
    plantar flexion
  19. moving a bone around its own axis
    rotation
  20. increasing the angle of a hinge joint
    extension
  21. distal end of a bone moves in a circle and proximal end remains in one place
    circumduction
  22. decreasing the angle of a hinge joint
    flexion
  23. movement toward the midline of the body
    adduction
  24. bending the foot up, toes toward the knee
    dorsiflexion
  25. type of muscle tissue that contains striations and is involuntarily controlled by the autonomic nervous system.  Found in the heart.
    cardiac
  26. type of muscle tissue without striations that is involuntarily controlled by the autonomic nervous system and can be found in the blood vessels, diaphragm, digestive system, urinary and reproductive system.
    smooth
  27. type of muscle tissue that contains striations and is voluntarily controlled by the somatic nervous system and can be found in the muscular system
    skeletal
  28. an individual muscle cell
    fiber
  29. bundle of muscle fibers
    fascicle
  30. connective tissue lining on the outside of one skeletal muscle that is continuous with the tendon
    epimysium
  31. connective tissue lining around the outside of a fascicle
    perimysium
  32. connective tissue lining inside the muscle around each individual muscle fiber
    endomysium
  33. the name of the thick myofilament that has heads to pull during the sliding filament mechanism of muscle contraction
    myosin
  34. the name of the thin myofilament (protein) that slides in during the sliding filament mechanism of muscle contraction
    actin
  35. the name of the two proteins that block myosin and actin from binding in the absence of calcium
    troponin and tropomyosin
  36. the contractile unit of a muscle fiber
    sarcomere
  37. a condition that occurs shortly after death due to the deterioration of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and the permanent binding of calcium to the troponin/tropomyosin complex
    rigor mortis
  38. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as tibialis anterior, frontalis, temporalis
    bone location
  39. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as sternocleidomastoid, brachioradialis
    origin and insertion points
  40. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as trapezius, rhomboid major and minor, deltoid
    shape of muscle
  41. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as gluteus maximus, medius and minimus
    size of muscle
  42. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as biceps brachii and triceps brachii
    number of connection points to bone
  43. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as rectus and transverse abdominis, orbicularis oculi and oris
    direction of muscle fibers
  44. Muscle rule for naming muscles such as flexor carpi ulnaris and extensor digitorum longus
    function of muscle
  45. chamber of the heart that receives low oxygen blood from systemic circulation through the vena cava
    right atrium
  46. chamber of the heart that sends low oxygen blood to the lungs through the pulmonary arteries
    right ventricle
  47. chamber of the heart that receives high oxygen blood from the lungs through the pulmonary veins
    left atrium
  48. chamber of the heart that sends high oxygen blood to systemic circulation through the aorta
    left ventricle
  49. valve between the right atrium and ventricle that prevents backflow into the atria when the ventricles contract
    tricuspid / right atrioventricular (AV) valve
  50. valve between the left atrium and left ventricle that prevents backflow into the atria when the ventricles contract
    bicusip/mitral / left atrioventricular valve
  51. valve leaving the right ventricle
    pulmonary semilunar valve
  52. valve leaving the left ventricle
    aortic semilunar valve
  53. blood vessel with a thick smooth muscle wall that carries blood away from the heart
    artery
  54. blood vessel that contains valves and carries blood toward the heart
    vein
  55. thinnest walled blood vessel that allows for gas and nutrient exchange between blood and body tissue (lungs, muscles, etc.)
    capillary
  56. condition caused by weakened leaky valves and blood backing up
    vericose veins
  57. calculation that measures the amount of blood pumped out of the heart in one minute, found by multiplying the heart rate (pulse) by the stroke volume (amount of blood pumped out in one contraction)
    cardiac output
  58. a measurement of the pressure that the blood exerts on the arteries when the heart is contracting, normal is around 120
    systolic blood pressure
  59. a measurement of the pressure that the blood exerts on the arteries when the heart is relaxed, normal is 80
    diastolic blood pressure
  60. condition caused by smoking which weakens the blood vessel walls and causes plaque build up in the arteries, could lead to amputation
    Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
  61. measurement that compares the systolic blood pressures of the brachial, posterior tibial and dorsalis pedis arteries to diagnose peripheral artery disease
    ankle-brachial index (ABI)
  62. muscle energy system that uses stored energy in the first 10 seconds of exercise
    phosphagen system - creatine phosphate
  63. muscle energy system used in the first 90 seconds of exercise that does not use oxygen
    anaerobic glycolysis-glycogen/lactic acid system
  64. most efficient muscle energy system that uses oxygen
    aerobic cellular respiration - Krebs cycle and electron transport chain
  65. division of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord
    central
  66. division of the nervous system that includes the cranial and spinal nerves
    peripheral
  67. division of the peripheral nervous system that voluntarily controls skeletal muscles
    somatic
  68. division of the peripheral nervous system that involuntarily controls the endocrine glands, smooth and cardiac muscle
    autonomic
  69. the division of the autonomic nervous system that is responsible for "fight or flight" responses
    sympathetic
  70. the division of the autonomic nervous system that controls "rest and digest" functions
    parasymphathetic
  71. can be caused by energy depletion, prolonged or repetitive use of a muscle group or reduced nerve signal
    muscle fatigue
  72. know the locations of the following arteries
    • subclavian
    • brachial
    • radial
    • femoral
    • ulnar
    • digital
    • carotid
    • renal
    • iliac
  73. know the location of the following veins
    • subclavian
    • cephalic
    • basilic
    • renal
    • femoral
    • posterior tibial
    • internal jugular
  74. know the location of the following nerves
    • spinal cord
    • brachial plexus
    • lumbar plexus
    • sacral plexus
  75. know the location of the following muscles
    • biceps brachii
    • triceps brachii
    • pectoralis major
    • brachioradialis
  76. place where two or more bones meet
    joint
  77. arteries that feed the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients, the arteries that can cause a heart attack if blocked
    coronary arteries
  78. the human body system that powers and athlete through exercise by absorbing glucose through the small intestine and releasing stored glucose from the liver
    digestive
  79. the human body system that helps in exercise by bringing in a steady supply of oxygen needed to combust glucose
    respiratory
  80. the human body system that helps with exercise by carrying oxygen and glucose to the cells to be converted into energy within the mitochondria
    cardiovascular / ciculatory

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