PSY 201 Ch 6 Set A: Learning (Classical Conditioning)

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PSY 201 Ch 6 Set A: Learning (Classical Conditioning)
2014-04-02 17:12:46

exam 3
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  1. learning is
    a relatively permanent change in behavior and understanding due to experience
  2. behaviorism
    recall: explained solely in terms of directly observable events; avoids organisms' unobservable mental state; only interested in stimulus - response
  3. habituation
    simplest form of learning; decrease in response to unchanging stimuli over time; Ex: you get used to background noise over time; "sensory adaptation"
  4. classical conditioning
    making an association between two stimuli (by pairing them) such that one stimulus comes to elicit a response that originally was elicited by the other stimulus; Ivan Pavlov taught dogs to salivate to tone
  5. basic terminology of classical conditioning
    Neutral Stimulus (NS), Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS), Unconditioned Response (UCR), Conditioned Stimulus (CS), Conditioned Response (CR)
  6. Neutral Stimulus (NS)
    a stimulus that does not naturally elicit a (the desired) response in an organism; Ex: bell/tone
  7. Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
    not learned stimulus; a stimulus that elicits a reflexive or innate response (UCR) without prior learning; Ex: food
  8. Unconditioned Response (UCR)
    not learned response; a reflexive or innate response that is elicited by a stimulus (UCS) without prior learning; Ex: salivation to food
  9. Conditioned Stimulus (CS)
    learned stimulus; a stimulus that, through association with a UCS, comes to elicit a conditioned response similar to the original UCR; neutral stimulus becomes this; Ex: bell/tone
  10. Conditioned Response (CR)
    learned response; a response elicited by a conditioned stimulus; Ex: salivation to bell/tone