Critical Care Terms

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Critical Care Terms
2014-04-03 15:37:22
CriticalCare Terms

Critical Care Terms
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  1. ABG's arterial blood gases
    • Help determine the patient’s acid-base status and assess the adequacy of oxygenation. Used to
    • guide the adjustment of ventilator parameters on mechanically ventilated
    • patients and are also a standard part of the work-up of patients who present
    • with unexplained hypoxemia, dyspnea and metabolic disorders.
    Provides an estimate of ICUmortality based on a number of laboratory values and patient signs taking bothacute and chronic disease into account.
  3. ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome)
    life-threatening lung condition that prevents enough oxygen from getting to the lungs and intothe blood.
  4. Bronchial Alveolar Lavage (BAL)
    diagnostic procedure where lavage fluid isintroduced to the terminal bronchioles and then recollected for analysis toexamine cells, inhaled particles, infectious organisms or fluid constituents.
  5. critical illness polyneuropathy
    complicationsof critical illness that present with muscle weakness and failure to wean fromthe ventilator
  6. dehiscence
    A rupture or splitting open, as of a surgical wound, or of an organ or structure to discharge its contents.
  7. extubate
    To remove a tube from a hollow organ or passageway, oftenfrom the airway
    • (Feeding, Analgesia, Sedation, Thromboembolic prophylaxis,
    • Head-of-bed elevation, stress Ulcer prevention, and Glucose control) ; means of
    • identifying and checking some of the key aspects in the general care of all
    • critically ill patients
  9. intubate
    the insertion of a tube into an external or internal orifice of the body for thepurpose of adding or removing fluids
  10. parenteral
    Intravenous administration of nutrients. This may be supplemental to oral or tube feeding, or it may provide the only source ofnutrition as total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
  11. perioperative
    relating to, occurring in, or being the period around the time of a surgical operation
  12. pneumothorax
    Collapsed lung. Pneumothorax occurs when air leaks into thespace between your lungs and chest wall. This air pushes on the outside of yourlung and makes it collapse. In most cases, only a portion of the lungcollapses.
  13. pulmonary embolism
    blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a substance thathas travelled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism)
  14. Sengstaken-Blakemore tube
    medical device inserted through the nose or mouth andused occasionally in the management of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to esophagealvarices
  15. VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia)
    pneumonia occurring more than 48 h after patients have beenintubated and received mechanical ventilation