EMT

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Author:
shebel
ID:
26901
Filename:
EMT
Updated:
2010-07-15 13:47:09
Tags:
Chapter19
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Description:
Obstetrics and Gynecology
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  1. Lower part of birth canal
    Vagina
  2. First part of birth canal outside of the uterus
    Cervix
  3. Hairs
    Cilia
  4. If an egg is not fertalized, the female body will discard the egg, extra blood, and tissue...
    Menstral cycle
  5. Placenta and fetal membranes after they are expelled following the baby's birth
    Afterbirth
  6. The fetal side of the placenta and completely encasing the baby is the...
    A double layered membrane
    Amniotic sac
  7. The membranes of the amniotic sac contains the baby and a clear fluid called...
    Amniotic fluid
  8. The dilution of blood in a pregnant woman
    Physiological Anemia of Pregnancy
  9. Protrusion of the largest diameter of the fetal head through the opening of the birth canal
    Crowning
  10. An infant who is born before 37 weeks or is less than 5 1/2 pounds at birth is considered what?
    Premature
  11. Prevents the small aveoli from collapsing on exhalation
    Pulmonary Surfactant
  12. Something you should not let a very premature baby (under 34 weeks gestation) to do...
    Nurse
  13. Baby's head is sharply flexed with the chin on the chest, and the occipital, or vertex, portion of the head is the first part of the body to enter the pelvis. The most desirable and most common presentation.
    Vertex Presentation
  14. The buttox is the presenting part
    Frank Breech
  15. One or both feet or arms enter the pelvis first
    Limb Presentation
  16. Baby is lying transverse in the uterus. Baby can not be delivered vaginally even if the cervix is fully dilated.
    Shoulder Presentation
  17. A hemorrage occuring in the first 24 hours after birth caused by uterine atony
    Early Postpartum Hemorrage
  18. Failure of the uterus to contract after delivery
    Uterine Atony
  19. Uterus actually turns inside out
    Uterine Inversion
  20. The supporting structures fo the uterus fail, causing the uterus to dip out of the vagina
    Uterine Prolapse
  21. Hemmorage accuring 6-10 days after delivery and the most common cause is retained placental tissue. Also can be caused by infection, sexual (coital) trauma or rupture of the episiotomy wound
    Late Postpartum Hemmorage
  22. An incision made in the perineum by the physician to make delivery easier or to prevent a jagged laceration
    Episiotomy
  23. Seperation of placenta from the uteran wall before delivery
    Abruptio Placentae aka Placental Abruption
  24. Growth of placenta over the cervical opening
    Placenta Previa
  25. Loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks
    Miscarriage
  26. Loss of pregnancy after 20 weeks
    Stillbirth
  27. Termination of pregancy
    Abortion
  28. Softening and sogginess of the skull and tissues, with peeling away of the skin
    Maceration
  29. When amniotic fluid is released into the maternal circulation through the rupture of the uterus. resembles Pulmonary Embolism. Major symptoms: dyspnea, chest pain, cyanosis, shock
    Amniotic Fluid Embolism
  30. Unknown causes. Second leading cause of maternal death in the US. Symptoms: Elevated BP higher than 140 over 90. Protein in urine. Edema. Signs: Headache, dizziness. Visual disturbances (blurred vision). Epigastric Pain (caused by hemmorages beneathliver capsule)
    Preeclampsia and/or Toxemia
  31. The worsening of Preeclempsia/Toxemia, causes seizures
    Eclempsia
  32. Pregnancy that occures outside of uterine cavity, leading death cause of death in childbearing age. Occures in cervix, or overies, abdomial cavity, or fallopian tubes
    Ectopic Pregnancy
  33. Pregnancies occuring in fallopian tubes
    Tubal Pregnancy
  34. Absence or cessation of menstral cycle
    Amenorrhea
  35. system of quickly evaluating an infant's Heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability and color at birth. Done at 1 minute, and repeated at 5 minutes after birth
    Apgar Score
  36. Weak irregular contractions of the uterus felt intermittenly throughout pregnancy, serving to strengthen the uterus in preperation for delivery
    Braxton Hicks Contractions
  37. Cramps in which the lower abdomen over the pubic bone and sometimes in the lower bac during labor
    Contraction
  38. Developing baby in the uterus from about 9 weeks after fertilization until delivery
    Fetus
  39. Substance that makes up the first stool of a fetus or newborn
    Meconium
  40. Onset fo menstration accurring around 12-14 years
    Menarche
  41. The pelvic floor
    Perimeum
  42. The 28 day cycle involving the release of the egg and preperation of the uterus for pregnancy
    Menstration/Menstrual Cycle
  43. An organ of pregnancy through which nutrients and waste products are exchanged between mother and fetus. afterbirth is the expelled...
    Placenta
  44. Slipping of the umbilical cord down past the presenting part of the fetus into the vagina
    Prolapsed Cord
  45. Strusture that connects the fetus to the mother, allowing exchange of nutrients and waste products; contains three blood vessels surrounded by clear, gelatinous substance
    Umbilical Cord

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