Windows Server 2008 Ch4

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a2k2d2
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269011
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Windows Server 2008 Ch4
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2014-05-09 21:32:34
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Windows Server 2008 Administration Fundamentals Chapter
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Windows Server 2008 Administration Fundamentals Chapter 3
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  1. What is does ITIL stand for and what is it?
    Information Technology Infrastructure Library

    A set of concepts and practices for managing Information Technology (IT) systems, IT Service Management (ITSM), IT development, and IT operations.  ITIL gives detailed descriptions of a number of important IT practices and provides comprehensive checklists, tasks, and procedures that any IT organization can tailor to its needs.
  2. What steps would you use to troubleshoot a problem?
    • 1.  Discover the problem
    • 2.  Evaluate system configuration
    • 3.  List or track possible solutions and try to isolate the problem by removing or disabling hardware or software components
    • 4.  Execute a plan
    • 5.  Check results
    • 6.  Take a proactive approach
  3. How do you see the errors and warnings in the Windows logs?
    Use Event Viewer
  4. What are the sections of the boot.ini file?
    • 1.  [boot loader]
    • 2.  [operating system]
  5. When a system is slow, what would you do to see why it is slow?
    • - Task Manager
    • - Performance Monitor
    • - Resource Monitor
  6. How do you get to System Information and what does it show?
    • msinfo32.exe
    • - System Summary
    • - Hardware Resources
    • - Components
    • - Software Environment
  7. What happens during POST?
    • 1.  The computer does a quick power check to make sure it has enough power to supply the system.
    • 2.  When the processor receives a power good signal, the processor initializes and tests essential PC components as specified in the System ROM BIOS.
    • 3.  If a problem is found, the computer identifies the problem with a series of beeps based on the system ROM BIOS.
    • 4.  The processor then initializes the video card and starts sending information to the monitor.  Next, the system initializes additional components.  If a problem is discovered, it displays a message to indicate the problem.
    • 5.  The system will search for a boot device (such as a hard drive, optical disk, etc) from which to boot.
    • 6.  The system will read the master boot record on a boot device to determine operating system boot files.
  8. What is the master boot record?
    • It is the first 512 bytes of a partition and is a small program that is executed when a
    • computer boots up.
  9. What does %SystemRoot% point to?
    c:Windows
  10. What is BCDEdit?
    It is used to modify the Windows code which runs in the pre- operating system environment by adding, deleting, editing, and appending entries in the BCD store database.
  11. How do you get to the System Configuration Tool?
    msconfig.exe
  12. What is virtual memory?
    Virtual memory combines your computer's RAM with temporary space on your hard disk.  When RAM runs low, virtual memory moves data from RAM to a space called a paging file.  When there is ample RAM, you do not need as much virtual memory.
  13. The _____ is the first 512-byte boot sector of a partitioned data storage device such as a hard disk.
    Master boot record
  14. The _____ is a simple text file that defines which operating system to load on Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 systems.
    boot.ini
  15. The _____ starts Windows with a minimal set of drivers and services.
    Safe Mode
  16. The _____ tool can be used to easily disable individual startup programs.
    System Configuration
  17. In Windows, virtual memory uses a _____ file.
    Paging
  18. _____ is the combining of network cards to provide fault tolerance.
    teaming
  19. A _____ is a group of computers that work together as one virtual computer to provide fault tolerance or increased performance.
    Cluster
  20. The most common failover cluster is the _____ cluster in which only one server is active at a time.
    active-passive
  21. In a cluster, an individual computers is known as a _____.
    node
  22. A _____ is an electrical device to provide temporary power during power outages.
    Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
  23. What publications include a set of concepts and practices for managing IT services, development, and operations?

    A.  Red book
    B.  ITIL core books
    C.  IT Transition Guidebook
    D.  IT Development Guide
    B.  ITIL core books
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What tool is used to view the hardware and software loaded on a Windows server?

    A.  System Information
    B.  System Configuration
    C.  KB Tool
    D.  POST
    A.  System Information
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Where woul you fine NTLDR or BOOTMGR on a hard drive?

    A.  WINNT folder
    B.  boot.ini
    C.  MBR
    D.  VBR
    A.  WINNT folder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. What determines which operating system should be loaded when running Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Windows Server 2008?

    A.  RAID
    B.  GUID
    C.  boot.ini
    D.  BCD
    C.  boot.ini
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. You loaded a program and rebooted Windows.  Unfortunately, Windows no longer boots.  What should you try first?

    A.  Disable the boot.ini file.
    B.  Enable boot logging.
    C.  Load last known good configuration.
    D.  Reinstall Windows.
    C.  Load last known good configuration.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What program gives you a quick look at system performance and the processes that are running?

    A.  Performance Monitor
    B.  SystemInformation
    C.  Task Manager
    D.  Resource Monitor
    A.  Performance Monitor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. _____ is multiple computers configured as one virtual server to share the workload.

    A.  SAN cluster
    B.  Network load balancing
    C.  Active-passive cluster
    D.  Terminal server
    A.  SAN cluster
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. _____ is making copies of data so that these additional copies may be used to restore the original after a data-loss event.

    A.  EMS
    B.  Backup
    C.  DFS
    D.  RAID
    B.  Backup
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which type of backup backs up all designated files and turns off the archive attribute?

    A.  Differential
    B.  Full
    C.  Copy
    D.  Incremental
    B.  Full
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which type of backup takes the longest to restore?

    A.  Full
    B.  Incremental
    C.  Differential
    D.  Copy
    D.  Copy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. What is a set of concepts and practices for managing information technology (IT) systems, IT services, IT development, and IT operations?

    A) Rainbow Books
    B) ITWAN
    C) ITIL
    D) HIPAA
    C) ITIL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. In server management, which approach tries to prevent problems before they occur?

    A) proactive
    B) reactive
    C) rolling
    D) dynamic
    A) proactive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which step in the troubleshooting methodology would you use to identify and document all symptoms of a problem?

    A) discover the problem
    B) execute a plan
    C) evaluate system configuration
    D) take a proactive approach
    A) discover the problem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which step do you need to check if any changes have been made to your system?

    A) take a proactive approach
    B) execute a plan
    C) discover the problem
    D) evaluate system configuration
    D) evaluate system configuration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What program is used to get a quick view of what hardware and software is loaded on a computer?

    A) rdc.exe
    B) sysconf.exe
    C) regedit.exe
    D) msinfo32.exe
    D) msinfo32.exe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What program do you use to view the Windows logs?

    A) Event Viewer
    B) sysconf.exe
    C) regedit.exe
    D) rdc.exe
    A) Event Viewer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. What part of the boot-up process initializes hardware and finds an operating system to load?

    A) WinBoot
    B) PXEBoot
    C) POST
    D) MBR boot
    D) MBR boot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In Windows Server, what main part of Windows is responsible for various system services and process and memory management?

    A) NTOSKRNL.EXE
    B) BOOTMGR
    C) HAL.DLL
    D) WINLoad
    B) BOOTMGR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What is the first Windows file loaded during boot-up?

    A) NTDetect.com
    B) BOOTMGR
    C) NTLDR
    D) NTSOSKRNL.EXE
    C) NTLDR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which part of the disk contains NTLDR or BOOTMGR?

    A) partition table
    B) MBR
    C) kernel volume
    D) VBR
    B) MBR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which file displays a boot menu displaying which operating system to boot on a server running Windows XP or Windows Server 2003?

    A) boot.ini
    B) ntdetect.com
    C) WINLoad
    D) NTOSKRNL.EXE
    A) boot.ini
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. What stores the boot-time configuration data for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008?

    A) NTOSKRNL
    B) BCD
    C) boot.ini
    D) ntdetect
    C) boot.ini
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. What boot option starts Windows with a minimal set of drivers and services?

    A) Debugging Mode
    B) Directory Services Restore Mode
    C) Safe mode
    D) Last Known Good Configuration
    C) Safe mode
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. What mode starts Windows with the last registry and driver configuration that worked successfully?

    A) Directory Services Restore Mode
    B) Last Known Good Configuration
    C) Safe mode
    D) Debugging Mode
    D) Debugging Mode
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What tool do you use to help isolate a program that is giving you problems during boot-up?

    A) msconfig
    B) evtvwr
    C) sysinfo
    D) regedit
    A) msconfig
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What program allows you to view processor and memory utilization quickly?

    A) Configuration Manager
    B) Performance Monitor
    C) System Information
    D) Task Manager
    B) Performance Monitor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. What should be the maximum consistent processor utilization?

    A) 40%
    B) 50%
    C) 60%
    D) 80%
    C) 60%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. To protect against power fluctuations, every server should be protected by _______.

    A) UPS
    B) APM
    C) RAID
    D) Teamed NICs
    A) UPS
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The best method to data recovery is __________.

    A) DFS
    B) RAID
    C) backup
    D) spare drives
    C) backup
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which type of backup backs up only new and recently changed files since the last backup?

    A) full backup
    B) incremental backup
    C) differential backup
    D) copy backup
    B) incremental backup
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. What program is used to fix a system that no longer boots running Windows Server 2003 R2?

    A) Repair Center
    B) bcdedit
    C) DISM
    D) Recovery console
    D) Recovery console
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. In Windows Server 2008, what would you use instead of Recovery console?

    A) Windows PE
    B) Windows Fix tool
    C) Shadow copies
    D) Windows Backups
    B) Windows Fix tool
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. __________ is the overall effectiveness of how data moves through the system.
    Throughput
  56. ______________ allows users to retrieve previous versions of files and folders on their own.
    Shadow Copies
  57. 25. What are the steps to implement a new server, service, or application for your organization?
    • - Collecting requirements
    • - Designing and planning
    • - Implementing
    • - Managing and monitoring
  58. Why use a troubleshooting methodology?
    To efficiently resolve the problem.
  59. What six steps in Microsoft’s Troubleshooting Methodology are used by Product Support?
    • 1.  Discover the problem
    • 2.  Evaluate system configuration
    • 3.  List or track possible solutions and try to isolate the problem by removing or disabling hardware or software components
    • 4.  Execute a plan
    • 5.  Check results
    • 6.  Take a proactive approach
  60. What program gives you a detailed look at a system’s performance?
    Resource Monitor

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