Chapter 9 Social Stratification Flashcards.txt

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Author:
zrondos
ID:
269014
Filename:
Chapter 9 Social Stratification Flashcards.txt
Updated:
2014-04-02 19:35:31
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Sociology
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Sociology
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Sociology
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  1. social stratification
    ranking of individuals or categories of people on the basis of unequal access to scarce resources and social rewards
  2. social inequality
    unequal sharing of social rewards and resources
  3. caste system
    system in which scarce resources and rewards are distributed on the basis of ascribed statuses
  4. exogamy
    marriage outside of one's own social category
  5. endogamy
    marriage within one's own social category
  6. class system
    system in which scarce resources and rewards are determined on the basis of achieved statuses
  7. bourgeoisie
    owners of the means of production in a capitalist society
  8. proletariat
    workers in a capitalist society who sell their labor in exchange for wages
  9. social class
    grouping of people with similar levels or wealth, power, and prestige
  10. wealth
    most obvious dimension of social stratification because it is made up of the value of everything the person owns and money earned through salaries and wages
  11. power
    ability to control the behavior of others, with or without their consent
  12. prestige
    respect, honor, recognition, or courtesy an individual receives from other members of society
  13. socioeconomic status
    rating that combines social factors such as level of education, occupational prestige, and place of residence with the economic factor of income in order to determine an individual's relative position in the stratification system
  14. reputational method
    technique used to rank individuals according to social class. This is done by asking individuals in the community to rank other community members based on what they know of their characters and life- styles
  15. subjective method
    technique used to rank individuals according to social class in which the individuals themselves are asked to determine their own social rank
  16. objective method
    technique used to rank individuals according to social class in which sociologists define social class in terms of factors such as income, occupation, and education
  17. social mobility
    movement between or within social classes or strata
  18. horizontal mobility
    type of social mobility in which the individual moves from one position in a social- class level to another position in that same social- class level
  19. vertical mobility
    movement between social classes or strata in which the individual moves from one social- class level to another
  20. integrational mobility
    form of vertical mobility in which status differs between generations in the same family
  21. poverty
    standard of living that is below the minimum level considered decent and reasonable by society
  22. poverty level
    minimum annual income needed by a family to survive
  23. life chances
    likelihood individuals have of sharing in the opportunities and benefits of society
  24. life expectancy
    average number of years a person born in a particular year can be expected to live
  25. transfer payments
    principal way in which the government attempts to reduce social inequality by redistributing money among various segments of society.

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