Therapy and Stuff

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  1. Psychoanalysis
    • Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique
    • Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences, and the therapist's interpretations of them, released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
  2. Resistance
    In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
  3. Interpretation
    in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant events and behaviors in order to promote insight
  4. Transference
    in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)
  5. Psychodynamic Theory
    therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
  6. Insight Therapies
    a variety of therapies which aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses
  7. Client-Centered Therapy
    a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate patients' growth
  8. Active listening
    • empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
    • a feature in Rogers' client-centered therapy
  9. Methods for Active LIstening
    • Paraphrase
    • Invite Clarification
    • Reflect feelings
  10. Unconditional Positive Regard
    a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude which Carl Rogers believed to be conducive in developing self-awareness and self-acceptance
  11. Behavior Therapies
    therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
  12. Counterconditioning
    a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and averse conditioning
  13. Exposure Therapies
    behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to things they fear and avoid
  14. Systematic Desensitization
    the type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias
  15. Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
    an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking
  16. Aversive Conditioning
    a type of conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
  17. Token Economy
    an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
  18. Cognitive Therapies
    • therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
    • based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
  19. Stress Inoculation Training
    teaching people to restructure their thinking in stressful situations
  20. Cognitive Behavior Therapy
    a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thoughts) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
  21. Family Therapy
    • therapy that treats the family as a system
    • Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members
  22. Therapies that do not Work
    • Energy Therapies
    • Recovered-Memory Therapies
    • Rebirthing Therapies
    • Facilitated Communication
    • Crisis Debriefing
  23. Energy Therapies
    propose to manipulate people's invisible energy fields
  24. Recovered-Memory Therapies
    aim to unearth "repressed memories" of early child abuse
  25. Rebirthing Therapies
    engage people in reenacting the supposed trauma of their birth
  26. Facilitated Communication
    has an assistant touch the typing hand of a child with autism
  27. Crisis Debriefing
    forces people to rehearse and "process" their traumatic experiences
  28. Evidence-Based Practice
    clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
  29. Two Misc. Types of Therapy that work
    • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
    • Light Exposure Therapy
Card Set:
Therapy and Stuff
2014-04-05 14:32:29

i'll see you all in therapy
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