Unit 7 Study Guide

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Camboy
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269060
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Unit 7 Study Guide
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2014-05-01 22:52:53
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All the vocabulary words or Science unit 7.
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  1. the second skin layer, containing nerve endings and blood vessels
    dermis
  2. the outer skin layer made of tough dead cells
    epidermis
  3. a body part that produces a substance needed by the body
    gland
  4. a thin cord that carries messages to or from the brain.
    nerve
  5. the body system that includes the brain, spinal cod, and nerves, by which the actions of the body are cdontrolled
    nervous system
  6. an action performed because of a stimulus
    response
  7. the ability to receive some type of stimulus
    sense
  8. a body part, such as an eye or an ear, that receives stimuli and sends messages about them to the brain
    sense organ
  9. plural stimuli, anything that can cause on to make a responce
    stimulus
  10. one of the smaller tubes that carry air to the lungs
    bronchial tubes
  11. a sheet of muscle below the lungs, which contracts to bring in air
    diaphragm
  12. the flap that closes the top of the trachea in a swallowing
    epiglottis
  13. the passages in the head where incoming air is warmed and cleaned
    nasal passages
  14. the body system that includes the lungs, diaphragm, and various air passages, by which oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is released
    respiratory system
  15. the stiff-walled air passages in the throat
    trachea
  16. two bands in the throat that vibrate to produce the sound of the voice
    vocal chords
  17. the receiving of dissolved materials in the blood
    absorption
  18. the body system that includes the stomach and intestines, by which food is changed into a material that dissolves
    digestive system
  19. a chemical that causes digestion
    enzyme
  20. a tube with muscles to move food to the stomach
    esophagus
  21. the material in food that will not digest
    fiber
  22. the liquid added in the stomach to digest food
    gastric juice
  23. the tube where undigested food is stored to be passed out of the body
    large intestine
  24. the watery fluid in the mouth that starts the digestion of food
    saliva
  25. the tube where enzymes are added to food and where dissolved food is absorbed through villli
    small intestine
  26. small fingerlike parts in the small intestine, which absorb food
    vilii
  27. a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
    artery
  28. a receiving chamber of the heart
    auricle
  29. a tiny blood vessel with walls one cell thick
    capillary
  30. the body system that includes heart and the blood vessels, by which blood is circulated through the body
    circulatory system
  31. the yellowish water solution of the blood
    plasma
  32. the change of blood pressure that shows the heart beat
    pulse
  33. a red blood cell, which carries oxygen to the body cells and carries waste carbon dioxide away.
    red corpuscle
  34. a blood vessel that carries blood to the heart
    vein
  35. a pumping chamber of the heart
    ventricle
  36. a white blood cell, which fights germs
    white corpuscle
  37. a person who has _______ loses the sense of touch in the affected areas
    leprosy
  38. the ______ is renewed about once every two months because the surface cells are constantly flaking off and being replaced
    epidermis
  39. washing the skin helps get rid of germs and to avoid an unpleasant body ______
    odor
  40. the air coming out of the lungs has more ____ _____ then the air coming in
    carbon dioxide
  41. the nasal passages both ____ and _____ the air before it goes into the lungs
    warms, cleans
  42. in the mouth, the food is broken and crushed by the _____
    teeth
  43. digestion begins in the mouth when an enzyme in _____ turns starch into sugar
    saliva
  44. to help keep the large intestine healthy, you should eat food that has plenty of _____
    fiber
  45. you should not eat much food rich in _____ because it is hard to digest
    fat
  46. you how a heart with _____ (how many ) chambers?
    4
  47. the ____ _____ have a material containing iron that can carry much oxygen and carbon dioxide
    red corpuscles
  48. which of these is a stimulus ?

    A. the calling of your name by your mother
    B. the ability to see in a poorly lit room
    C. one of the nerve endings in your skin
    D. raising your hand to answer a question
    A. the calling of your name by your mother
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. which of these is in the right order?

    A. sense organ, stimulus, brain, nerve
    B. stimulus, nerve, brain, sense organ
    C. stimulus, nerve organ, nerve, brain
    D. sense organ, stimulus, brain, sense organ
    C. stimulus, nerve organ, nerve, brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. the skin is an insulator because it has

    A. fat
    B. nerve endings
    C. capillaries
    D. sweat glands
    A. fat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. what statement is correct?

    A. the skin helps you get oxygen from your environment
    B. the respiratory system gives something and takes something from your body
    C. the digestive system carries materials to all parts of the body
    D. the circulatory system prepares food for use by your cells
    B. the respiratory system gives something and takes something from your body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. which of these is in the right order?

    A. trachea, tiny air sacs, nasal passages, bronchial tubes
    B. nasal passages, tiny air sacs, trachea, bronchial tubes
    C. trachea, bronchial tubes, nasal passages, tiny air sacs
    D. nasal passages, trachea, bronchial tubes, tiny air sacs
    D. nasal passages, trachea, bronchial tubes, tiny air sacs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. the lungs have many tiny air sacs instead of one large sac because

    A. the tiny sacs are easier to clean
    B. the tiny sacs allow the lungs to hold more air
    C. the tiny sacs help the lungs endure more pressure
    D. the tiny sacs provide more surface area
    D. the tiny sacs provide more surface area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. the rate of breathing is automatically controlled by

    A. the heart.
    B. the brain stem
    C. the diaphram
    D. the lungs
    B. the brain stem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. which of these does the stomach not do for the body?

    A. stores food for passing out the body
    B. mixes food with enzymes
    C. adds enzymes to digest food
    D. stores food from a meal
    A. stores food for passing out the body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. which of these is in the right order?

    A. esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
    B. esophagus,small intestine, stomach, large intestine
    C. stomach, esophagus, large intestine, small intestine
    D. stomach, large intestine, esophagus, small intestine
    A. esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. when the pulse is checked, changes of pressure are felt in

    A. an artery
    B. the heart
    C. the capillaries
    D. a vein
    A. an artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. which of these does not have a network of capillaries

    A. epiglottis
    B. epidermis
    C. villi
    D. brain
    B. epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. which of these is in the right order?

    A. capillaries, heart, veins, arteries
    B. veins, arteries, heart, capillaries
    C. heart, veins, capillaries, arteries
    D. arteries, capillaries, veins, heart
    D. arteries, capillaries, veins, heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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