World History CH 30 Q's

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World History CH 30 Q's
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2014-04-03 23:12:47
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World History CH 30 Q's
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  1. *26. At which conference did U.S. President Harry Truman insist that Stalin immediately allow free elections in the Eastern European states under Red Army occupation?

    A. Potsdam Conference.
    B. Yalta Conference.
    C. Helsinki Conference.
    D. Teheran Conference.
    E. Munich Conference.
    A. Potsdam Conference.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. *27. The goal of the Truman Doctrine was to

    A. contain communism in areas liberated by the Red Army.
    B. destroy the communist parties in western Europe.
    C. rebuild the European economies.
    D. enable cuts in U.S. military spending.
    E. force the communists out of Eastern Europe.
    A. contain communism in areas liberated by the Red Army.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. *28. In order to foster economic growth, the German Minister of the Economy Ludwig Erhard

    A. dismantled the extensive social welfare network.
    B. adopted the French model of a mixed economy.
    C. retained the Nazi-era economic planning machinery.
    D. privatized major state-owned industries.
    E. emphasized free market capitalism.
    E. emphasized free market capitalism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. *29. After World War II, the Soviet Union

    A. reintroduced Lenin's New Economic Policy.
    B. experienced a period of general freedom.
    C. accepted Marshall Plan aid from the United States.
    D. returned to the totalitarianism of the 1930s.
    E. underwent a consumer revolution.
    D. returned to the totalitarianism of the 1930s.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 30.The European economic rebirth in the postwar era can be attributed to all of the following factors except

    A. elimination of wage and price controls.
    B. the implementation of Keynesian economic stimulus policies.
    C. establishment of the Common Market.
    D. Marshall Plan aid.
    E. nationalistic economic policies.
    E. nationalistic economic policies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 31. The primary reason the United States and Great Britain agreed to Stalin's demands for "friendly" governments in the Eastern European states liberated by the Red Army was

    A. to reward the Soviet Union for its role in World War II.
    B. their fear of communist revolution at home.
    C. their fear of resurgent Nazism.
    D. the presence of the Red Army in those states.
    E. their misplaced trust in Stalin.
    D. the presence of the Red Army in those states.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. *32. French decolonization in sub-Saharan Africa

    A. effectively removed Western influence in Africa.
    B. broke all ties with the former colonies.
    C. enhanced economic and cultural ties with former colonies.
    D. resulted from long wars for colonial independence.
    E. effectively cut France off from African markets.
    C. enhanced economic and cultural ties with former colonies.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 33. Khrushchev's de-Stalinization resulted in all of the following except

    A. an economy more responsive to Soviet consumers.
    B. exposure of some of the great crimes of the Stalin era.
    C. rebelliousness in the Eastern European satellites.
    D. ferment among writers and intellectuals.
    E. a reduction of the Communist party's monopoly on political power.
    E. a reduction of the Communist party's monopoly on political power.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. *34. Conservative party figures ousted Khruschev from the Soviet leadership because of all of the following except

    A. de-Stalinization ultimately threatened the party's monopoly on political power.
    B. Khrushchev's readiness to let Soviet satellites leave the Warsaw Pact.
    C. Stalin's former henchmen feared that Khrushchev's de-Stalinization campaign would ultimately reach them.
    D. Khrushchev's 1958 failure to force the NATO allies out of West Berlin.
    E. Khrushchev's humiliation in the Cuban missile crisis of 1962.
    B. Khrushchev's readiness to let Soviet satellites leave the Warsaw Pact.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. *35. The Manhattan Project was responsible for the development of

    A. jet aircraft.
    B. code-breaking algorithms.
    C. radar.
    D. computers.
    E. the atomic bomb.
    E. the atomic bomb.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. *36. The ultimate goal of Robert Schuman's plan for an international organization to coordinate and steel production in Europe was to

    A. reduce the influence of the United States.
    B. bind the members of the Common Market so closely that war would be impossible.
    C. rebuild the European economy.
    D. create a single competitive market in Europe.
    E. facilitate an arms buildup to defend western Europe from the Warsaw Pact.
    B. bind the members of the Common Market so closely that war would be impossible.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. *37. Jews in Palestine proclaimed the state of Israel

    A. when the United States proclaimed the Truman Doctrine in 1947.
    B. when the French gave up their League of Nations mandate over Palestine.
    C. when Germany surrendered in May 1945.
    D. when the British withdrew from Palestine in 1948.
    E. when the U.S. Congress promised economic assistance in 1949.
    D. when the British withdrew from Palestine in 1948.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. *38. The European Economic Community was created by the Treaty of

    A. Rome.
    B. Yalta.
    C. Paris.
    D. Versailles.
    E. Potsdam.
    A. Rome.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 39. The emergence of the international youth culture can be attributed to all of the following factors except

    A. youth travel.
    B. the postwar baby boom.
    C. economic stagnation and unemployment among young people.
    D. mass communication.
    E. postwar prosperity.
    C. economic stagnation and unemployment among young people.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. *40. The youth counterculture of the late 1950s and 1960s was characterized by all of the following except

    A. the embrace of materialism.
    B. anger at the injustices of racism and imperialism.
    C. new artistic styles.
    D. experimentation with communal living.
    E. unconventional sexual behavior.
    A. the embrace of materialism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. *41. Following his election to the U.S. presidency in 1968, Richard Ni×on

    A. invaded North Vietnam.
    B. gradually reduced American involvement in the Vietnam War.
    C. halted U.S. bombing of Vietnam.
    D. immediately withdrew American troops from Vietnam.
    E. increased the number of American troops in Vietnam.
    B. gradually reduced American involvement in the Vietnam War.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. *42. Changes in the structure of European society after World War I1 were primarily the result of

    A. rising birthrates among the lower classes.
    B. economic and technological transformation.
    C. political and social revolution.
    D. the slaughter of World War II.
    E. large-scale emigration.
    B. economic and technological transformation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. *43. The wave of social unrest that almost toppled de Gaulle's Fifth Republic was begun by

    A. civil servants.
    B. peasants.
    C. students.
    D. the army.
    E. workers.
    C. students.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 44. Big Science is characterized by all of the following except

    A. less competition than small-scale research science.
    B. enormous costs.
    C. large research teams.
    D. government funding.
    E. tremendous specialization.
    A. less competition than small-scale research science.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. *45. The growth of the middle class in the postwar era has been attributed primarily to

    A. the strength of family-owned businesses.
    B. high taxes on the wealthy.
    C. the high birthrate among this class.
    D. increased opportunities for new businesses.
    E. increased demand for technologists and managers.
    E. increased demand for technologists and managers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. *46. The leveling of European society was a product of all of the following except

    A. a rising standard of living and standardized consumer goods.
    B. increased immigration resulting from decolonization.
    C. high demand by government and corporations for technologists and managers.
    D. social welfare programs.
    E. higher taxes on the rich.
    B. increased immigration resulting from decolonization.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. *47. Approximately what percentage of persons in the West educated in science and technology have been involved in weapons production in the postwar era?

    A. one-half.
    B. one-fifth.
    C. one-twentieth.
    D. one-fourth.
    E. one-tenth.
    D. one-fourth.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. *48.The leaders of the Czechoslovak reform movement of 1968 attempted to

    A. reintroduce capitalism and liberalism.
    B. make communism more humane.
    C. remove Czechoslovakia from the Warsaw Pact.
    D. collectivize agriculture.
    E. abolish the Communist party.
    B. make communism more humane.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. *49.How was the Tet Offensive launched by the Vietcong in January 1968 perceived in the United States?

    A. As an American victory.
    B. As a sign that more U.S. troops were needed to crush the communist insurgency.
    C. As a decisive American defeat.
    D. As a sign of Soviet direction of the Vietcong and North Vietnamese war effort.
    E. As a sign that the North Vietnamese were at the end of their tether.
    C. As a decisive American defeat.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 50. The first person to attempt to reconcile the Eastern and Western blocs in Europe was

    A. Richard Nixon.
    B. Willy Brandt.
    C. Mikhail Gorbachev.
    D. Leonid Brezhnev.
    E. Francois Mitterrand.
    B. Willy Brandt.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. *51. The Helsinki agreement of 1975 called for

    A. the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.
    B. Finnish neutrality in the Cold War.
    C. the reunification of Eastern and western Europe.
    D. respect for human rights and the recognition of existing political boundaries.
    E. American de-escalation in Vietnam and Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.
    D. respect for human rights and the recognition of existing political boundaries.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 52. Under President Dwight Eisenhower, the U.S. government's only major new undertaking was

    A. construction of the interstate highway system.
    B. subsidies for family farms.
    C. landing men on the moon.
    D. the introduction of a government pension system----Social Security.
    E. the creation of the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
    A. construction of the interstate highway system.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 53. According to the text, the deep causes for the emergence of a women's rights movement in the West after World War II included all of the following except

    A. the shift of Western economies toward white-collar and service jobs to which women already had some access.
    B. Christian insistence on the spiritual equality of men and women.
    C. wider access to education for young women.
    D. use of contraception, which reduced birthrates.
    E. postwar prosperity, which encouraged early marriage and childbearing. Women were thus finished with childbearing and child care relatively early in life.
    B. Christian insistence on the spiritual equality of men and women.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. *54. Simone de Beauvoir argued that women could become more free through

    A. political revolution.
    B. sexual promiscuity.
    C. courageous action and self-assertive creativity.
    D. refusal to have children.
    E. the abolition of marriage.
    C. courageous action and self-assertive creativity.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. *55. The misery index is a measurement that

    A. links per capita income to oil imports.
    B. measures per capita levels of malnutrition and disease.
    C. combines expenditures for oil and government deficits.
    D. combines inflation and unemployment rates.
    E. combines infant mortality rates and levels of illiteracy.
    D. combines inflation and unemployment rates.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 56. The text attributes the lack of U.S. leadership during the OPEC oil embargo to

    A. student revolts.
    B. the incompetence of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
    C. the Tet Offensive.
    D. the Yom Kippur War.
    E. the Watergate crisis.
    E. the Watergate crisis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 57. In international politics, Yugoslav Communist leader Josip Tito

    A. pioneered the international drive to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
    B. rejected U.S. aid.
    C. helped engineer the 1972 rapprochement between China and the United States.
    D. generally followed the Soviet lead.
    E. helped to lead the "nonaligned movement" of countries committed neither to the Soviet Union or the United States.
    E. helped to lead the "nonaligned movement" of countries committed neither to the Soviet Union or the United States.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. *58. The founder of the National Organization for Women was

    A. Simone de Beauvoir.
    B. Margaret Thatcher.
    C. Janice Joplin.
    D. Helen Gurley Brown.
    E. Betty Friedan.
    E. Betty Friedan.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. *59. Following the failure of his program of nationalization and public investment in the early 1980s, French president Francois Mitterrand

    A. declared that socialism was dead.
    B. failed to win reelection.
    C. withdrew France from the Common Market.
    D. was forced to introduce austerity measures.
    E. resigned.
    D. was forced to introduce austerity measures.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. *60. Simone de Beauvoir was

    A. minister of culture in Charles de Gaulle's government.
    B. an influential author in the postwar feminist movement.
    C. a French Resistance fighter executed by the Nazis.
    D. secretary of the French Communist Party during the strikes and riots of 1947.
    E. president of the Sorbonne during the student uprising of 1968.
    B. an influential author in the postwar feminist movement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. *61. In Great Britain, Margaret Thatcher's efforts to encourage low- and moderate-income renters to buy their apartments

    A. led to destructive debt levels for poorer people.
    B. was supported by the Labour party.
    C. created a new class of property owners.
    D. failed miserably.
    E. led to accusations that Thatcher was a socialist.
    C. created a new class of property owners.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. *62. Between 1981 and 1989, Ronald Reagan and the U.S. Congress

    A. increased taxes on the wealthy.
    B. cut defense spending.
    C. eliminated the budget deficit by cutting government social services.
    D. increased taxes and government-provided social services.
    E. cut taxes and ballooned the government deficit.
    E. cut taxes and ballooned the government deficit.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. *63. Common goals of the women's movement included all of the following except

    A. elimination of male-dominated governments.
    B. support for programs to help single parents.
    C. legislation to legalize abortion and divorce.
    D. eliminating discrimination in the workplace.
    E. support for affordable day care.
    A. elimination of male-dominated governments.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. *64. The essence of Willy Brandt's policies toward the Eastern bloc was

    A. the reunification of Germany.
    B. to reassert German claims to majority-German areas of Eastern Europe.
    C. to establish German neutrality in the Cold War.
    D. to reduce the influence of NATO in Germany.
    E. to seek peace and reconciliation.
    E. to seek peace and reconciliation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In November 1943 the Big Three met in _____________ to discuss the shape of the postwar world.

    A) Istanbul
    B) London
    C) Helsinki
    D) Potsdam
    E) Teheran
    E) Teheran
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which of the following events occurred first?
    A) NOW is formed.
    B) NATO is formed.
    C) Common Market is formed.
    D) Berlin Wall is built.
    E) Korean War begins.
    B) NATO is formed.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following events occurred last?
    A) Korean War begins.
    B) De-Stalinization of the Soviet Union begins.
    C) Marshall Plan launched.
    D) Berlin Wall built.
    E) Truman Doctrine proclaimed.
    D) Berlin Wall built.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. In 1958, General de Gaulle established the ____________ Republic in France.
    A) Fourth
    B) Fifth
    C) Third
    D) Second
    E) Sixth
    B) Fifth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. In the 1920s and 1930s, ____________ built a mass movement in India preaching nonviolent "noncooperation."
    A) Nehru
    B) Das Gupta
    C) Ashoka
    D) Jinna
    E) Gandhi
    E) Gandhi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. In 1931, with Guomindang armies closing in on him, ___________ led his followers on a 5,000 mile march.
    A) Mao Zedong
    B) Ho Chi Minh
    C) Sun Yatsen
    D) Gandhi
    E) Chiang Kai-shek
    A) Mao Zedong
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. In 1954, the ____________ were defeated by the forces of Ho Chi Minh.
    A) French
    B) Portuguese
    C) Italians
    D) Dutch
    E) British
    A) French
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the ____________, provoking a military conflict with France and Britain.
    A) Egyptian oil industry
    B) Egyptian agricultural sector
    C) Egyptian energy industry
    D) Suez Canal Company
    E) Egyptian steel industry
    D) Suez Canal Company
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. According to the _____________ Doctrine, the Soviet Union had the right to intervene in any socialist country whenever it saw the need.
    A) Dubèek
    B) Brezhnev
    C) Khrushchev
    D) Gorbachev
    E) Stalin
    B) Brezhnev
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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